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Tampere, Finland

Jamsen E.,Coxa | Puolakka T.,Coxa | Peltola M.,Coxa | Peltola M.,Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare | And 3 more authors.
Bone and Joint Journal | Year: 2014

We evaluated the duration of hospitalisation, occurrence of infections, hip dislocations, revisions, and mortality following primary hip and knee replacement in 857 patients with Parkinson's disease and compared them with 2571 matched control patients. The data were collected from comprehensive nationwide Finnish health registers. The mean follow-up was six years (1 to 13). The patients with Parkinson's disease had a longer mean length of stay (21 days [1 to 365] vs 13 [1 to 365] days) and an increased risk for hip dislocation during the first post-operative year (hazard ratio (HR) 2.33, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.02 to 5.32). There was no difference in infection and revision rates, and one-year mortality. In longer follow-up, patients with Parkinson's disease had higher mortality (HR 1.94, 95% CI 1.68 to 2.25) and only 274 (34.7%) were surviving ten years after surgery. In patients with Parkinson's disease, cardiovascular and psychiatric comorbidity were associated with prolonged hospitalisation and cardiovascular diseases also with increased mortality. ©2014 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Niinimaki T.,University of Oulu | Eskelinen A.,Coxa | Makela K.,University of Turku | Ohtonen P.,University of Oulu | And 2 more authors.
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research | Year: 2014

Background: Balancing the relative advantages and disadvantages of unicompartmental knee arthroplasties (UKAs) against those for TKAs can be challenging. Survivorship is one important end point; arthroplasty registers repeatedly report inferior midterm survival rates, but longer-term data are sparse. Comparing survival directly by using arthroplasty register survival reports also may be inadequate because of differences in indications, implant designs, and patient demographics in patients having UKAs and TKAs. Questions/purposes: The aims of this study were to assess the survivorship of UKA in the context of one large, northern European registry, and to compare the rates of survivorship with those of cemented TKAs performed for primary knee osteoarthritis during the same 27-year period. Methods: From the Finnish Arthroplasty Register, we obtained the data for 4713 patients undergoing UKAs for primary osteoarthritis (mean age, 63.5 years; minimum followup, 0 years; mean, 6.0 years; range, 0-24 years) who had surgical revision between 1985 and 2011. Fromthis cohort,we calculated the Kaplan-Meier survivorship for revision performed for any reason and compared itwith the survivorship of 83,511 patients (mean age, 69.5 years; minimum followup 0 years; mean, 6.4 years; range, 0-27 years) with TKAs treated for primary osteoarthritis during the same period. Data were adjusted for age and sex in a comparative analysis. Results: Kaplan-Meier survivorship of UKAs was 89.4% at 5 years, 80.6% at 10 years, and 69.6% at 15 years; the corresponding rates for TKAs were 96.3%, 93.3%, and 88.7%, respectively. UKAs had inferior long-term survivorship compared with cemented TKAs, even after adjusting for the age and sex of the patients (hazard ratio 2.2, p < 0.001). Conclusions: A UKA offers tempting advantages compared with a TKA; however, the revision frequency for UKAs in widespread use, as measured in a large, national registry, was poorer than that of TKAs. When choosing between a UKA and a TKA, patients should be informed of advantages of both procedures, but they also should be advised about the generally higher revision risk after UKA. Level of Evidence: Level III, therapeutic study. See the Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. © The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons ® 2013.

Alanara T.,University of Tampere | Karstila K.,University of Tampere | Moilanen T.,Coxa | Silvennoinen O.,University of Tampere | Isomaki P.,University of Tampere
Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology | Year: 2010

Objectives: Interleukin (IL)-10 functions as an anti-inflammatory cytokine in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). New IL-10 family cytokines IL-19, IL-20, IL-22, IL-24, and IL-26 have recently been discovered. Information concerning the expression and function of these cytokines in autoimmune diseases is currently limited. The aim of this study was to investigate their expression in RA. Methods: mRNA levels of the cytokines were studied using quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Peripheral blood (PB) and synovial fluid (SF) mononuclear cells (MCs), purified T cells, and monocytes/macrophages from RA patients and healthy volunteers, and synovial tissues from patients with RA or osteoarthritis (OA), were examined. The expression of IL-19 protein in T cells and monocytes/macrophages was studied by flow cytometry. Results: IL-10 and IL-19 mRNA levels were significantly elevated in SFMCs from patients with RA compared with PBMCs from RA patients or healthy volunteers. IL-20 and IL-22 mRNA levels were also upregulated in RA SFMCs but their level of expression was lower than that of IL-10 or IL-19. Importantly, synovial tissue IL-19 levels in RA were increased when compared with OA. IL-19 expression was upregulated in both T cells and macrophages derived from patients with RA. IL-1β increased IL-19 levels in PBMCs, suggesting that elevated levels of IL-1 in RA joints may contribute to upregulated IL-19 expression. Conclusions: The majority of the IL-10 family cytokines are expressed in RA. IL-19 demonstrated the highest expression in rheumatoid joints, and could thus be involved in the regulation of synovial inflammation in RA. © 2010 Informa UK Ltd.

Jamsen E.,Coxa | Jamsen E.,University of Tampere | Virta L.J.,Social Insurance Institution of Finland | Hakala M.,University of Tampere | And 3 more authors.
Acta Orthopaedica | Year: 2013

Background and purpose Drug-based treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has evolved markedly over the past 2 decades. Using nationwide register data, we studied how this has affected the rates of hip, knee, shoulder, and elbow replacement from 1995 to 2010. Methods The number of primary joint replacements was obtained from the Finnish Arthroplasty Register. To test the hypothesis that improvements in medical treatment of RA reduce the need for joint replacements, we also collected data about purchases of different disease-modifying anti-rheumatic agents (DMARDs) and biological drugs from the nationwide drug registers. Results The annual incidence of primary joint replacements for RA declined from 19 per 105 in 1995 to 11 per 105 in 2010. The decline was greater for upper-limb operations than for lower-limb operations. At the same time, the numbers of individuals using methotrexate, hydroxychloroquine, and sulfasalazine (the most commonly used DMARDs) increased 2- to 4-fold. Interpretation Our results are in accordance with observations from other countries, and indicate that the use of joint replacements in RA has decreased dramatically. Our data suggest that effective medical therapy is the most likely explanation for this favorable development. © 2011 Nordic Orthopaedic Federation.

Laitinen M.,University of Tampere | Nieminen J.,Coxa | Pakarinen T.-K.,University of Tampere
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery | Year: 2011

Introduction: Bone metastasis is a severe complication for patients with cancer. Not only does it cause intractable pain and other clinical problems such as fracture after trivial injury, it also signifies that the malignant process is incurable. Since life expectancy of metastasised cancer patients has improved due to advanced oncological treatment but is still limited, appropriate surgical intervention has increased. Method: This is a retrospective control study of 21 patients who underwent cemented intramedullary nailing for pathological fractures in the humeral shaft between 2005 and 2009 as compared to a historical control group of 19 patients that underwent locked intramedullary nailing for pathological fractures in the humeral shaft between 1999 and 2004. Four major outcomes were assessed, namely, pain relief, use of analgesics, recovery of function and rate of complication. Results: Patients treated with cemented intramedullary nailing had better pain relief, less use of analgesics and better functional restoration immediately after surgical procedure when compared to the patients without cement fixing. The rate of complication did not differ between these two groups. Conclusion: Since surgery for metastases does not prolong life but improves the quality of life, the aim towards a short postoperative rehabilitation time is recommended. Cement fixation gives immediate stabilisation to the fracture site and thus allows less pain but full range of motion from the first postoperative day. © Springer-Verlag 2010.

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