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Huh J.-B.,Pusan National University | Yang J.-J.,Korea University | Choi K.-H.,Cowellmedi Co. | Bae J.H.,Pusan National University | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2015

Anorganic bovine bone matrix (Bio-Oss®) has been used for a long time for bone graft regeneration, but has poor osteoinductive capability. The use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) has been suggested to overcome this limitation of Bio-Oss®. In the present study, heparin-mediated rhBMP-2 was combined with Bio-Oss® in animal experiments to investigate bone formation performance; heparin was used to control rhBMP-2 release. Two calvarial defects (8 mm diameter) were formed in a white rabbit model and then implanted or not (controls) with Bio-Oss® or BMP-2/Bio-Oss®. The Bio-Oss® and BMP-2/Bio-Oss® groups had significantly greater new bone areas (expressed as percentages of augmented areas) than the non-implanted controls at four and eight weeks after surgery, and the BMP-2/Bio-Oss® group (16.50 ± 2.87 (n = 6)) had significantly greater new bone areas than the Bio-Oss® group (9.43 ± 3.73 (n = 6)) at four weeks. These findings suggest that rhBMP-2 treated heparinized Bio-Oss® markedly enhances bone regeneration. © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source


Kim S.E.,Korea University | Yun Y.-P.,Korea University | Song H.-R.,Korea University | Choi K.-H.,Cowellmedi Co. | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology | Year: 2013

Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze the value of Escherichia coli-derived recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (ErhBMP-2) coated biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) for the obliteration of middle ear bone defect after mastoid surgery. Methods: Twenty-four specific pathogen-free Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to the BCP group ( n= 12) and BCP-ErhBMP-2 group ( n= 12; in which BCP scaffold of the granular type was coated with ErhBMP-2). In both groups, BCP scaffold was used to surgically fill the middle ear bulla. New bone formation was evaluated by measuring bone density (%) after 4 and 8 weeks in all rats in both groups. Results: At 4 weeks, new bone was visible at the periphery and center of the middle ear cavity in both groups. In the BCP group, a moderate amount of fibrous tissue had infiltrated into the interspace of the scaffolds. New bone almost totally filled the interspace in the BCP-ErhBMP-2 group. At 8 weeks, copious new bone formation had occurred. Histometric measurements showed that bone density in the BCP group was smaller than in the BCP-ErhBMP-2 group at 4 weeks (25.10% and 38.43%, respectively; p<. 0.05) and 8 weeks (25.54% and 34.18%, respectively; p<. 0.05). Conclusions: New bone formation was greater in the presence of BCP-ErhBMP-2 scaffolds. ErhBMP-2 coated BCP scaffolds is a potentially useful material for middle ear obliteration after mastoidectomy. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source


Huh J.-B.,Pusan National University | Kim S.-E.,Korea University | Kim H.-E.,Korea University | Kang S.-S.,Chonnam National University | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2012

This study evaluated the effects of Escherichia coli-derived rhBMP-2 (ErhBMP-2) coated onto anodized implants to stimulate bone formation, osseointegration and vertical bone growth in a vertical bone defect model. Six young adult beagle dogs were used. After a 2-month bone healing period, anodized titanium implants (8 mm in length) were placed 5.5 mm into the mandibular alveolar ridge. Eighteen implants coated with ErhBMP-2 (BMP group) and another 18 uncoated implants (control group) were installed using a randomized split-mouth design. The implant stability quotient (ISQ) values were measured. Specimens were fabricated for histometric analysis to evaluate osseointegration and bone formation. The ISQ values at 8 weeks after implant placement were significantly higher in the BMP group than in the control group (p < 0.05). Histological observations showed that the changes in bucco-lingual alveolar bone levels were higher in the BMP group than in the control group (p < 0.05). The ErhBMP-2 coated anodized implants can stimulate bone formation and increase implant stability significantly on completely healed alveolar ridges in dogs. Further studies evaluating the effects of ErhBMP-2 on osseointegration in the bone-implant interface are warranted. © 2012 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Source


Huh J.-B.,Korea University | Park C.-K.,Korea University | Kim S.-E.,Chonnam National University | Shim K.-M.,Nambu University | And 4 more authors.
Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology | Year: 2011

Objective. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of Escherichia coli-derived recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (ErhBMP-2) coated onto anodized implant to stimulate local bone formation, including osseointegration and the vertical augmentation of the alveolar ridge. Study design. Six young male adult beagle dogs were used. A crestal area was leveled on both sides of each test subject by removing minimal cortical bone using a round bur and without exposing cancellous bone. After a 2-month healing period, 3 anodized implants (length 8 mm, diameter 4 mm; Cowellmedi, Busan, Korea) were placed 5 mm into the mandibular alveolar ridge in either side. Each animal received 6 implants that were either coated with ErhBMP-2 (0.75 or 1.5 mg/mL concentration; Cowellmedi) or uncoated. This was performed using a randomized split-mouth design. A total of 36 implants were used for this study. Twelve noncoated implants were used as control, and 24 BMP-coated implants were used as our experimental group, which was further divided into 2 groups of 12 implants each with different BMP concentration of 0.75 and 1.5 mg/mL. Radiologic examinations were performed immediately after implant placement and 4 and 8 weeks after implant placement. The amount of bone augmentation was evaluated by measuring the distance from the uppermost point of the cover screw to the marginal bone. Implant stability quotient (ISQ) values were measured immediately after surgery and 8 weeks after implant placement. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way analysis of variance (SPSS version 17.0) and multiple-comparison tests. Statistical significance was established at the 95% confidence level. Results. Implants coated with ErhBMP-2 at 0.75 mg/mL (BMP 0.75 group) and 1.5 mg/mL (BMP 1.5 group) exhibited significant vertical bone formation compared with the control group (mean ± SD): 0.88 ± 0.94 versus 0.60 ± 0.64 versus -0.52 ± 0.64 mm, respectively; P < .05. There was a significant difference between the 3 groups in bone level change (P < .05). The BMP 0.75 and BMP 1.5 groups exhibited significant changes in ISQ compared with the control group: 8.17 ± 8.31 versus 11.50 ± 9.02 versus 2.17 ± 7.61, respectively; P < .05. Conclusion. Within the limits of this study, the ErhBMP-2 coating on an anodized implant may stimulate vertical bone augmentation, which significantly increases implant stability on completely healed alveolar ridges. © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. Source


Kim N.-H.,Korea University | Lee S.-H.,Pusan National University | Ryu J.-J.,Korea University | Choi K.-H.,Cowellmedi Co. | Huh J.-B.,Pusan National University
BioMed Research International | Year: 2015

This study was conducted to evaluate effects of rhBMP-2 applied at different concentrations to sandblasted and acid etched (SLA) implants on osseointegration and bone regeneration in a bone defect of beagle dogs as pilot study using split-mouth design. Methods. For experimental groups, SLA implants were coated with different concentrations of rhBMP-2 (0.1, 0.5, and 1 mg/mL). After assessment of surface characteristics and rhBMP-2 releasing profile, the experimental groups and untreated control groups (n = 6 in each group, two animals in each group) were placed in split-mouth designed animal models with buccal open defect. At 8 weeks after implant placement, implant stability quotients (ISQ) values were recorded and vertical bone height (VBH, mm), bone-to-implant contact ratio (BIC, %), and bone volume (BV, %) in the upper 3 mm defect areas were measured. Results. The ISQ values were highest in the 1.0 group. Mean values of VBH (mm), BIC (%), and BV (%) were greater in the 0.5 mg/mL and 1.0 mg/mL groups than those in 0.1 and control groups in buccal defect areas. Conclusion. In the open defect area surrounding the SLA implant, coating with 0.5 and 1.0 mg/mL concentrations of rhBMP-2 was more effective, compared with untreated group, in promoting bone regeneration and osseointegration. © 2015 Nam-Ho Kim et al. Source

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