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Budapest, Hungary

Corvinus University of Budapest is one of the most prestigious universities in Budapest, Hungary. Corvinus University of Budapest defines itself as a research university oriented towards education, where the scientific performance of the academic staff measures up to the international standard and the students can obtain a competitive degree having a standard and knowledge content identical to similar-profile universities and acknowledged on the European Union's labour market and on a global scale. The University admitting more than 14,000 students offers educational programmes in agricultural science, business administration, economics, and social science, and most these disciplines assure it a leading position in Hungarian higher education. At the same time, its key ambition is to display the institution's uniqueness and to exploit the synergies resulting form professional diversity and from studying multiple disciplines.Corvinus University, which functions as a real 'universitas', accepts students at six faculties and offer courses leading to degrees at the bachelor, master and doctoral level in countless specialisations taught in Hungarian, English, French or German, qualifying them in a wide variety of fields.The various academic rankings of the universities’ prestige, professional and social acceptability are measured regularly. Year by year, Corvinus University of Budapest is among the best institutions on various national and international rankings. It was listed in the top 50 in the Financial Times European Masters in Management rankings, and was the first Hungarian university was mentioned among the best in the area of agriculture. Wikipedia.

Kocsis T.,Corvinus University of Budapest
Ecological Economics

Is the Netherlands sustainable or not? The answer inherently involves addressing the issues of system boundaries, statistical units and a vision of sustainability. As an analytical answer we offer the Intenscope (IS), a two-dimensional graphical tool based on dimensionless percentages of triple rate ratios which overcomes several limitations of sustainability analyses. First, it is not sensitive to the size of statistical units so an area with twice the amount of resources of another, with double the population (and double the total consumption) would have the same triple ratio of population:biocapacity:consumption. Second, the IS is sensitive to anomalies which may originate either from the use of arbitrary statistical units (e.g. the boundaries of a city) or those which may indicate truly unsustainable practices. To judge spatial sustainability we use ecological footprint data from which we construct a plausible country plot based on the IS. Despite the relative nature of IS-analyses, the employed consumption:biocapacity ratio inherently refers to the absolute limit of sustainability: we cannot continually use more resources on a global scale than nature provides us with. The analysis introduces some associations of human preferences and attributions of settlement types which may help to elaborate sustainability policies based on voluntary action. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

This paper introduces the concept of plotting four-dimensional data in two dimensions without loss of information; namely, the dataquadrate concept. Here objects are represented as quadrates instead of points in a practical 4-axis Cartesian coordinate system. This procedure helps us imagine and analyze complex relations where four different, non-negative variables influence processes. This tool is of high utility for analyzing specific humaneenvironment issues. Here we analyze a monetary measure (gross domestic product; GDP), a hedonic measure (subjective wellbeing), a limiting measure (ecological footprint) and a demographic measure (human population). Our system adds new insights to the degrowth debate discussed in a Journal of Cleaner Production special issue (vol. 18, 2010) and systematically illuminates lots of confusing paradoxes such as the downward sloping part of the Environmental Kuznets Curve, the Jevons' paradox, and the Easterlin paradox. In this paper all these phenomena are analyzed for the USA and for China in 1990 and in 2007. By utilizing such methodology, when mitigating environmental problems we are not limited to negative, restrictive messages but are enabled to create new strategic ways of problem solving about how to optimize the human 'celestial footprint' (the ratio of human wellbeing to human environmental load). © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Amtmann M.,Corvinus University of Budapest
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis

The marker compounds of Solidago origin in goldenrod flower and honey have been investigated. After Likens-Nickerson simultaneous distillation-extraction (SDE) the extracts were dehydrated and concentrated, then thoroughly analysed by GC-MS. Among the common compounds of the flower and honey, germacrene-D proved to be the most suitable for identification of the goldenrod origin. The presence of this constituent creates a unique sesquiterpene spectrum in aroma extracts of the flower and honey, making the recognition more precise and reliable. The aroma structure examinations revealed the characteristic scent pictures of the flower and its unifloral honey and proved that no direct "morphological" similarity/identity exists between the aromaspectra of the two fragrance extracts (honey contra flower), except the presence of the common compounds. The results of the investigations covering the 2005 and 2006 apiarian seasons showed excellent repeatability and reliability. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Lubloy A.,Corvinus University of Budapest
BMC Health Services Research

Background: The successful diffusion of new drugs is crucial for both pharmaceutical companies and patients-and of wider stakeholder concern, including for the funding of healthcare provision. Micro-level characteristics (the socio-demographic and professional characteristics of medical professionals), meso-level characteristics (the prescribing characteristics of doctors, the marketing efforts of pharmaceutical companies, interpersonal communication among doctors, drug attributes, and the characteristics of patients), and macro-level characteristics (government policies) all influence the diffusion of new drugs. This systematic literature review examines the micro- and meso-level characteristics of early prescribers of newly introduced drugs. Understanding the characteristics of early adopters may help to speed up the diffusion process, promote cost-efficient prescribing habits, forecast utilisation, and develop targeted intervention strategies. Methods: The PubMed and Scopus electronic databases were chosen for their extensive coverage of the pertinent literature and used to identify 205 potentially relevant studies by means of a four-layered search string. The 35 studies deemed eligible were then synthetized carefully and critically, to extract variables relevant to this review. Results: Early adoption of new drugs is not a personal trait, independent of drug type, but early adopters share both micro- and meso-level characteristics. At prescriber level, doctors' interest in particular therapeutic areas, participation in clinical trials, and volume of prescribing-either in total or within the therapeutic class of the new drug-increase the likelihood of early adoption. The marketing efforts of pharmaceutical companies and doctors' professional and social interactions leading to prescribing contagion are very powerful predictors of new drug uptake. At patient level, doctors with younger patients, patients with higher socioeconomic statuses and/or patients with poorer health statuses are more inclined to prescribe new drugs early. In contrast, the socio-demographic characteristics of prescribers and many practice-related factors play little role in the adoption process. Conclusions: The most powerful predictors of new drug uptake include the doctors' strong scientific commitment, high prescribing volume in total or in within the therapeutic class of the new drug, high exposure to marketing, and intense communication with colleagues. © 2014 Lublóy; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Farkas J.,Central Food Research Institute | Mohacsi-Farkas C.,Corvinus University of Budapest
Trends in Food Science and Technology

Treatment of food by specific ionizing radiations to improve microbiological safety and storability is one of the most extensively studied technology of the XXth century. However, much of the research has been carried out in laboratories and it is still relatively underutilized commercially. Its application potential is very diverse, from inhibition of sprouting of tubers and bulbs to production of commercially sterile food products. The safety of consumption and wholesomeness of irradiated food have been extensively studied in international cooperations. Numerous international expert groups set up jointly by the FAO, the IAEA and the WHO, or the Scientific Committee on Food of the European Commission concluded that foods irradiated with appropriate technologies are both safe and nutritionally adequate. A Codex General Standard for Irradiated Foods and a Recommended International Code of Practice for Radiation Processing of Food have been developed. Specific applications of food irradiation are approved by national legislations in over 55 countries worldwide. Commercial use of irradiation, however, is still limited. In spite of pioneering past R&D activities in Europe and North-America, the utilization of the process growing faster and increasingly, mainly for sanitary purposes, in fast-developing countries in the (South-East) Asian region and some Latin-American countries. Progress in the European Union is decidedly slower. In the EU, food irradiation is regulated since 1999 by a General Directive, but its implementing directive, the Community list of EU approved irradiated foods contains only a single class of items: " dried aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasonings" This slow progress is mainly due to psychological and political factors, misinformation created by various activist groups, and the reluctance to implement the process by the industry is discouraged by such forces. The future of food irradiation will depend on an informed public and better understanding of the role the process can play in the control of food-borne pathogens. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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