Corpo Nazionale Dei Vigili Del Fuoco
Corpo Nazionale Dei Vigili Del Fuoco
Gissi E.,Corpo nazionale dei Vigili del Fuoco |
Ronchi E.,Lund University |
Purser D.A.,Hartford Environmental Research
Fire Safety Journal | Year: 2017
Practitioners may face difficulties in the interpretation of fire codes since they often present so called "magic numbers", i.e. numbers available in the codes which are listed for providing the design of building fire safety, for which the derivation and justification are not explained. The present paper discusses the need for a transparent regulatory approach, in which legislators publicly justify each of the choices made during the development of the fire codes. This approach has been used for the first time during the development of the Italian Fire Safety Code DM03/08/15, where the process adopted for the development of the code requirements has been publicly released in parallel with the code itself. This is deemed to facilitate the interpretation of the fire code, avoiding mis-use and preventing criticism on lack of transparency. To address this issue, the Italian legislators have conducted a process of reconstructing the assumptions adopted for the definition of magic numbers in other International codes (i.e., British Standard 9999) in order to identify suitable specifications for the national context under consideration. This includes the performance of a series of calculations rather than a mere historical examination of their basis. As a first attempt towards an increased transparency in fire code development at an International level, this paper publicly summarizes the process adopted by the Italian legislators for the development of the new Italian fire code, focusing on the exemplary case of the calculations performed for the definition of the requirements concerning stair design (i.e. vertical evacuation). This is presented by comparing the deemed-to-satisfy provisions of the Italian code with the ones given in the British Standard 9999. The process of developing fire codes is discussed together with the benefits associated with transparency in the assumptions adopted for their definition. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.
Grimaz S.,University of Udine |
Dattilo F.,Corpo Nazionale Dei Vigili Del Fuoco |
Maiolo A.,Corpo Nazionale Dei Vigili Del Fuoco
Chemical Engineering Transactions | Year: 2014
Fire safety in existing premises is one of the major concerns for the Italian National Fire Corps, not only in terms of intervention in the case of fire, but also for determining specific preventive regulations and countermeasures. This concern is based on the fact that the deterministic regulations that are generally used in Italy for defining prescriptions for new premises are not always easily applicable to existing constructions, and because the use of Fire Safety Engineering simulations seems to be too difficult for widespread application. Alternatively, a vulnerability assessment could be more suitable since it aims to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the premises in terms of fire safety. Consequently, the countermeasures for obtaining predefined levels of safety can be determined and customized. The paper illustrates the INSPECT approach (INspection and Study of Potential Emergency-scenarios for Countermeasure Tailoring) designed by the SPRINT-Lab of the University of Udine, and recently used by the Italian Interior Ministry to write new fire safety regulations. In particular, its effectiveness for safety management and emergency planning is underlined. © Copyright 2014, AIDIC Servizi S.r.l.
Caciolai M.,Corpo Nazionale dei Vigili del Fuoco |
Bellizzi M.,Corpo Nazionale dei Vigili del Fuoco |
Bolognese C.,Corpo Nazionale dei Vigili del Fuoco |
Cavriani M.,Corpo Nazionale dei Vigili del Fuoco |
And 9 more authors.
Ingegneria Sismica | Year: 2013
The paper contains the scientific and technical considerations that accompanied the implementation of provisional safety measures for residential and monumental structures after the 2009 Abruzzo Earthquake. Emphasis is dedicated to the use of timber shoring, as most common strengthening technique.