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Lodève, France

Prokop J.,Charles University | Rodrigues Fernandes F.,Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi | Lapeyrie J.,Corniche de Fontbonne | Nel A.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute
Geobios | Year: 2015

Lacewings and their relatives (Neuroptera) are one of the ancient holometabolous insect order reaching spectacular diversity during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic, but with a surprisingly sparse record during the Late Palaeozoic. Here, we describe the first members of the stem-group Permithonidae from the middle Permian (Guadalupian) of Salagou Formation in the Lodève Basin (Languedoc region, Southern France): Lodevothone pectinata nov. gen., nov. sp., and Lodevosisyra reducta nov. gen., nov. sp. Both diagnoses are based on unique wing venation patterns. Discovery of these two new permithonid species in the Lodève Basin fits well with the distribution of other taxa known from the Permian of Euramerica, Siberia, and Gondwana. The fossil record of Permithonidae is documented and briefly discussed in respect of stratigraphical range and geographical distribution. A check-list of all taxa including their synonymy is provided. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source

Prokop J.,Charles University | Szwedo J.,University of Gdansk | Lapeyrie J.,Corniche de Fontbonne | Garrouste R.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute | Nel A.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute
Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France | Year: 2015

New insects are described from the Middle Permian (Guadalupian) of Salagou Formation in the Lodève Basin (Languedoc region, France). Palaeopterans are represented by new odonatopterans viz. Huangiopterum lodevense n. gen., n. sp. and Huangiopterum species B, attributed to clade Panodonata (Huangiopteridae n. fam.), already recorded through the family Saxonagrionidae in the same formation, and a diaphanopterodean Martynovia cf. halli Beckemeyer 2004 (Martynoviidae) known from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma. Archaeorthopterans are supplemented by Bethouxia ariegensis n. gen., n. sp., Paralongzhua elongata n. gen., n. sp., Lodevolongzhua incompleta n. gen., n. sp., the caloneurodean Jarmiloptera mouralensis n. gen., n. sp., and a cnemidolestodean cf. Tococladus sp. (Tococladidae). Permophyllum rotundatum n. sp. (?Tettigoniidae) demonstrates the first presence of Orthoptera with wings probably mimicking Peltaspermales reproductive organs in Late Palaeozoic possibly analogous to the known crypsis of roachoid tegmina with pteridosperm pinnules. Frequent occurrence of hardly identifiable grylloblattid wing fragments support their significant role in term of abundance and diversity of the Permian faunas. New taxa based on wing venation pattern as Genera and species undetermined A, B (Liomopteridae), Permobaharellus salagousensis n. gen., n. sp. (family uncertain), Lodevophlebia reticulata n. gen., n. sp. (Sylvaphlebiidae), Oborella lodevensis n. sp. (Euryptilonidae), and Genus and species undetermined C, were described. Paoliida is represented by a paoliid gen. et sp. indet. and three anthracoptilids Strephocladus gandi n. sp., Strephocladus mouralensis n. sp., Lodevocladus subtilis n. gen., n. sp. The first record of miomopteran Palaeomantis sp. (Paleomanteidae) from Salagou Formation is presented. Acercarian insects are represented by the first record of Thripida and diverse new hemipterans, namely Euroscytina lutevanorum n. gen., n. sp. (Cicadomorpha: Scytinopteridae), Prosbole dio n. sp., Prosbole garrici n. sp., Pervestigia cf. veteris Becker-Migdisova 1961 (Prosbolidae), Archescytina species A (Paleorrhyncha: Archescytinidae) and Permopsyllidium lesclansis n. sp. (Sternorrhyncha: Psylloidea: Protopsyllidiidae). Entomofauna from the Salagou Formation demonstrate highly diverse insect communities with some taxa linked to early and late Permian ones known from assemblages in Euramerica and Russia, such as Obora (Czech Republic), Wellington Formation (Kansas and Oklahoma, USA), and Tshekarda (Ural, Russia). © 2015 Société entomologique de France Source

Nel A.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute | Prokop J.,Charles University | Grandcolas P.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute | Garrouste R.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute | And 5 more authors.
Comptes Rendus - Palevol | Year: 2014

The position of Palaeozoic and Mesozoic roachoids and their relationships to crown-group Dictyoptera is an unresolved problem of insect systematics since Hennig's time. This contribution presents new data based on the wing venation of the Early Cretaceous group Cratovitismioidea (so-called "Umenocoleoidea") supplemented with the discovery of the first Late Palaeozoic representative. As Umenocoleus, type genus of the Umenocoleidae, is considered as a Coleopterida, the roachoids currently included in the Umenocoleidae are transferred to the new family Ponopterixidae, in the new superfamily Cratovitismioidea. Permoponopterix lodevensis, a new ponopterixid genus and species, is described as the oldest representative of this superfamily, from the Middle Permian of the South of France. A new species Ponopterix burkhardi is described from the Lower Cretaceous of Crato Formation in Brazil. Convergent adaptations of tegmina in Coleopterida, Protelytroptera and Cratovitismioidea are discussed. © 2014 Académie des sciences. Source

Guan Z.,University of Jinan | Prokop J.,Charles University | Roques P.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute | Lapeyrie J.,Corniche de Fontbonne | Nel A.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute
Acta Palaeontologica Polonica | Year: 2016

The position of the Palaeozoic Anthracoptilidae has been a major problem of insect systematics for over a century. The previous hypotheses suggested affinities of Anthracoptilidae with the Palaeodictyopteroida, Protorthoptera, Hypoperlida, stem-Mantodea, Paraneoptera, Holometabola, or Eoblattida. Herein we put forward a new hypothesis based mainly on a comprehensive re-evaluation of the wing venation characters and re-examination of the type material of Anthracoptilus perrieri and Mesoptilus dolloi. The Anthracoptilidae are considered as belonging to the paoliid lineage, sister group of the Dictyoptera. In particular this result refutes the presence of Mantodea in the Paleozoic fossil record. The two families Strephocladidae and Strephoneuridae, are considered as junior synonyms of the Anthracoptilidae, while the previous synonymy of the Anthracoptilidae with the Ischnoneuridae is rejected. We consider the Permarrhaphidae, previously considered as synonym of the Anthracoptilidae, (and Permarrhaphus) as Insecta incertae sedis. The following new taxa are proposed: Mesoptilus carpenteri sp. nov. from the early Permian of Wellington Formation in Oklahoma (USA) which extends the range and distribution of the genus; Pseudomesoptilus gen. nov. is designated to include Mesoptilus sellardsi; Strephocladus permianus sp. nov. from the middle Permian of South of France; Westphaloptilus gallicus gen. et sp. nov. from the Bashkirian of the North of France. Copyright © 2016 Z. Guan et al. Source

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