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Martinsried, Germany

Dovizio M.,University of Chieti Pescara | Maier T.J.,Frankfurt University | Alberti S.,University of Chieti Pescara | Francesco L.D.,University of Chieti Pescara | And 7 more authors.
Molecular Pharmacology | Year: 2013

Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-derived prostanoids can influence several processes that are linked to carcinogenesis. We aimed to address the hypothesis that platelets contribute to aberrant COX-2 expression in HT29 colon carcinoma cells and to reveal the role of platelet-induced COX-2 on the expression of proteins involved in malignancy and marker genes of epithelialmesenchymal transition (EMT). Human platelets cocultured with HT29 cells rapidly adhered to cancer cells and induced COX-2 mRNA expression, but not protein synthesis, which required the late release of platelet-derived growth factor and COX-2 mRNA stabilization. Platelet-induced COX-2-dependent prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis in HT29 cells was involved in the downregulation of p21WAF1/CIP1 and the upregulation of cyclinB1 since these effects were prevented by rofecoxib (a selective COX-2 inhibitor) and rescued by exogenous PGE2. Galectin-3, which is highly expressed in HT29 cells, is unique among galectins because it contains a collagen-like domain. Thus, we studied the role of galectin-3 and platelet collagen receptors in plateletinduced COX-2 overexpression. Inhibitors of galectin-3 function (b-lactose, a dominant-negative form of galectin-3, Gal-3C, and anti-galectin-3 antibody M3/38) or collagen receptor-mediated platelet adhesion (revacept, a dimeric platelet collagen receptor GPVI-Fc) prevented aberrant COX-2 expression. Inhibition of platelet-cancer cell interaction by revacept was more effective than rofecoxib in preventing platelet-induced mRNA changes of EMT markers, suggesting that direct cell-cell contact and aberrant COX-2 expression synergistically induced gene expression modifications associated with EMT. In conclusion, our findings provide the rationale for testing blockers of collagen binding sites, such as revacept, and galectin-3 inhibitors in the prevention of colon cancer metastasis in animal models, followed by studies in patients. © 2013 by The American Society for Pharmacology.

Ungerer M.,Corimmun | Rosport K.,Corimmun | Bultmann A.,Corimmun | Piechatzek R.,ABX CRO GmbH | And 4 more authors.
Circulation | Year: 2011

Background-: Blocking of glycoprotein VI-dependent pathways by interfering in vascular collagen sites is commonly seen as an attractive target for an antiplatelet therapy of acute atherosclerotic diseases such as myocardial infarction or stroke. Revacept (soluble dimeric glycoprotein VI-Fc fusion protein) has been shown to reduce platelet adhesion by blocking vascular collagen in plaques or erosion and to be safe in preclinical studies. A dose-escalating clinical phase I study was performed to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of Revacept in humans. Methods and results-: In a first-in-humans study, 30 healthy men received a single intravenous administration of 10, 20, 40, 80, or 160 mg Revacept. The serum concentration-time courses of each dosage of Revacept showed a narrow variation and a concentration and time dependence. Revacept did not significantly affect the bleeding time. Collagen-induced platelet aggregation was dose-dependently inhibited up to 48 hours at lower doses and for 7 days after higher dose levels. In contrast, ADP- or thrombin receptor activating peptide-dependent platelet aggregation remained unaltered. There were no relevant drug-related adverse events or drug-related changes in laboratory parameters (biochemistry, hematology, and coagulation parameters). There were no drug-related changes in blood pressure, pulse rate, or ECG parameters (including 24-hour Holter monitoring). No anti-Revacept antibodies were detected. CONCLUSION-: This phase I study demonstrated that Revacept is a safe and well-tolerated new antiplatelet compound with a clear dose-dependent pharmacokinetic profile with specific, dose-related inhibition of platelet aggregation despite completely unaltered general hemostasis. Copyright © 2011 American Heart Association. All rights reserved.

Daub K.,University of Tubingen | Siegel-Axel D.,University of Tubingen | Schonberger T.,University of Tubingen | Leder C.,University of Tubingen | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2010

The appearance of lipid-rich foam cells is a major feature of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque formation. The transformation of macrophages into foam cells results from excessive uptake of cholesterol-rich particles by scavenger receptors such as CD68. We cloned a CD68-Fc immunoadhesin, a fusion protein consisting of the extracellular domain of the human CD68 and a human Fc domain, and investigated the function in vitro. Specific binding of CD68-Fc to OxLDL with an affinity of 10 nmol/L was determined by surface plasmon resonance and increased binding to lipid-rich human and ApoE-/- mice plaque tissue. This was confirmed both by immunohistochemical staining of CD68-Fc-treated paraffin sections from human plaques and by ELISA-based quantification of CD68-Fc binding to human atherosclerotic plaque extracts. In an in vitro model of macrophage/foam cell formation, CD68-Fc reduced foam cell formation significantly. This was caused both by interference of CD68-Fc with OxLDL uptake into macrophages and platelets and by the inhibition of platelet/OxLDL phagocytosis. Finally, expression of metalloproteinases by macrophages/foam cells was inhibited by CD68-Fc. In conclusion, CD68-Fc seems to be a promising new tool for preventing macrophage/foam cell formation. Thus, CD68-Fc might offer a novel therapeutic strategy for patients with acute coronary syndrome by modulating the generation of vulnerable plaques. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Advancecor Gmbh and Corimmun | Date: 2011-07-12

Fusion proteins being diagnostic reagents and proteins for use in ELISA kits for scientific, research, radiology, ultrasound, sonography, plaque imaging, and nuclear medicine use; proteins for use in science, namely, protein arrays for scientific research. Pharmaceutical preparations and substances in the nature of drugs, all for the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases; Veterinary preparations and substances in the nature of drugs, all for small or large animals with cardiovascular diseases; fusion proteins for pharmaceutical purposes, namely, for the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular disorders; cardiovascular treatment preparations; pharmaceutical preparations for the treatment or prevention of cardiovascular disorders.

Lippok S.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Seidel S.A.I.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Duhr S.,NanoTemper Technologies GmbH | Uhland K.,Corimmun | And 3 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2012

The direct quantification of both the binding affinity and absolute concentration of disease-related biomarkers in biological fluids is particularly beneficial for differential diagnosis and therapy monitoring. Here, we extend microscale thermophoresis to target immunological questions. Optically generated thermal gradients were used to deplete fluorescently marked antigens in 2- and 10-fold-diluted human serum. We devised and validated an autocompetitive strategy to independently fit the concentration and dissociation constant of autoimmune antibodies against the cardiac ?1-adrenergic receptor related to dilated cardiomyopathy. As an artificial antigen, the peptide COR1 was designed to mimic the second extracellular receptor loop. Thermophoresis resolved antibody concentrations from 2 to 200 nM and measured the dissociation constant as 75 nM. The approach quantifies antibody binding in its native serum environment within microliter volumes and without any surface attachments. The simplicity of the mix and probe protocol minimizes systematic errors, making thermophoresis a promising detection method for personalized medicine. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

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