Coral Reef Research

Townsville, Australia

Coral Reef Research

Townsville, Australia
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Nova Southeastern University’s Coral Reef Restoration, Assessment and Monitoring Lab Institute Rocks the Ocean with Stream2Sea at the Tortuga Music Festival Fort Lauderdale, FL, May 13, 2017 --( In addition to promoting reef restoration, conservation and their Coral Nursery initiative (NSUCNI),this year, Nova Southeastern University’s CRRAM Lab’s focus was sunscreen pollution. Sunscreen pollution is a topic of debate in Hawaii and other areas of the world. Decision makers are being presented with requests and petitions to ban personal care products containing ingredients such as oxybenzone to protect their environments. As more studies are released showing the effects of benzophenones, parabens and sulfates in our waters, it is becoming more widely understood that ingredients in personal care products should carry the same concern as those in our foods. The CRRAM Lab chose to invite Stream2Sea to share their booth space on Conservation Village to help educate concert goers and raise awareness of this growing concern. Stream2Sea was honored to participate alongside the Coral Reef Research group. By presenting the perspective of the marine biologists who see the changes and impacts affecting reefs daily in conjunction with the research and testing completed by Stream2Sea, together they are able to bring greater understanding to consumers. “It was really impactful to teach festival attendees about this one thing that they can change in their everyday lives that will not only help them, but the environment surrounding them. Many of the attendees had no clue that the products they use frequently, such as sunscreens, contain chemicals that have the potential to really harm them. By partnering with Stream2Sea we were able to present them with the option to make a change that day, most of whom did,” said Liz Goergen, researcher in the CRRAM Lab. Coral reefs are under threat today from a host of natural and human-induced factors. As a result, they are undergoing large-scale ecological and physical changes. While sunscreen pollution is not the only factor impacting the health of coral reefs, it is one which consumers have the power to change today by simply understanding the ingredients in the products they choose. One person may not be able to quickly affect the temperature of the waters, or retrieve the plastics and debris from the oceans, one person can choose to purchase products which do not pollute our waters. When people make that choice through knowledge and education, it will make a difference for the reefs, oceans and planet. Goergen stated, “Events like these really drive home the importance of educating the public about being mindful of the environment - Everything we do leads to a waterway, if you don’t know you are causing harm to yourself or the environment, you won’t think to change your behaviors.” The Tortuga Music Festival and Rock the Ocean were a resounding success with over 100,000 concert goers in a sold-out attendance to one of the largest country-music beach parties all in support of conservation, awareness and restoration. It provides a platform for groups like NSU’s CRRAM Lab and Stream2Sea to stand side-by-side in solidarity to build a better tomorrow for our future. When formulators and biologists work together it creates a stronger and more unified platform to protect Earth’s ecosystem. They can then develop performance-based, award-winning products that are healthy to use and will not harm the planet through pollution. Nova Southeastern University’s Coral Reef Restoration, Assessment, and Monitoring Lab’s research focuses on coral reef ecology by evaluating threats to coral reefs and their communities, monitoring reef health and investigating methods to improve restoration success. The lab has a strong resource management focus and works closely with local, state, and federal agency resource managers. The NSU Coral Nursery Initiative part of the CRRAM Lab, established in 2007, is a hallmark research project of the Nova Southeastern University Halmos College of Natural Sciences and Oceanography. Located about a mile off the coast of Fort Lauderdale, the NSU coral nursery is fostering re-growth and increased abundance of the threatened staghorn coral species, Acropora cervicornis, which is likely to be soon listed as endangered under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. The nursery project offers hope for species recovery and for coral reef restoration. Stream2Sea has set a new standard for EcoConscious sunscreen and skincare. Along with standard human safety and SPF tests, Stream2Sea products are proven to be biodegradable in both salt and fresh water. One of the only companies who manufactures sunscreen products to have done so, they successfully passed a rigorous series of aquatic toxicity tests and been proven safe to c.elegans and coral larvae. Formulated with powerful antioxidant blends to protect skin from sun damage, includes sunscreens, conditioning shampoo and body wash, leave-in conditioner, nourishing body lotion and lip balms. Stream2Sea products are currently available online at www.Stream2Sea.com or ask for them at your favorite health food store, dive shop or outdoor retailer. Connect with Stream2Sea on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and YouTube as @Stream2Sea or call (866) 960-9513. Fort Lauderdale, FL, May 13, 2017 --( PR.com )-- Nova Southeastern University’s Coral Reef Restoration, Assessment, and Monitoring (CRRAM) Lab welcomed Stream2Sea to their location on Conservation Village during the Tortuga Music Festival, in Ft Lauderdale, FL. The annual festival hosts “Rock the Ocean,” with a weekend long music festival with a portion of the proceeds going towards restoration and conservation efforts of the oceans’ causes. Concert goers walk a one-mile stretch of beach between two stages with Conservation Village situated between them. Visitors to the Row learn about protection efforts, endangered species, prominent issues of concern and how they, as individuals, can make a difference.In addition to promoting reef restoration, conservation and their Coral Nursery initiative (NSUCNI),this year, Nova Southeastern University’s CRRAM Lab’s focus was sunscreen pollution. Sunscreen pollution is a topic of debate in Hawaii and other areas of the world. Decision makers are being presented with requests and petitions to ban personal care products containing ingredients such as oxybenzone to protect their environments. As more studies are released showing the effects of benzophenones, parabens and sulfates in our waters, it is becoming more widely understood that ingredients in personal care products should carry the same concern as those in our foods.The CRRAM Lab chose to invite Stream2Sea to share their booth space on Conservation Village to help educate concert goers and raise awareness of this growing concern. Stream2Sea was honored to participate alongside the Coral Reef Research group. By presenting the perspective of the marine biologists who see the changes and impacts affecting reefs daily in conjunction with the research and testing completed by Stream2Sea, together they are able to bring greater understanding to consumers.“It was really impactful to teach festival attendees about this one thing that they can change in their everyday lives that will not only help them, but the environment surrounding them. Many of the attendees had no clue that the products they use frequently, such as sunscreens, contain chemicals that have the potential to really harm them. By partnering with Stream2Sea we were able to present them with the option to make a change that day, most of whom did,” said Liz Goergen, researcher in the CRRAM Lab.Coral reefs are under threat today from a host of natural and human-induced factors. As a result, they are undergoing large-scale ecological and physical changes. While sunscreen pollution is not the only factor impacting the health of coral reefs, it is one which consumers have the power to change today by simply understanding the ingredients in the products they choose. One person may not be able to quickly affect the temperature of the waters, or retrieve the plastics and debris from the oceans, one person can choose to purchase products which do not pollute our waters. When people make that choice through knowledge and education, it will make a difference for the reefs, oceans and planet.Goergen stated, “Events like these really drive home the importance of educating the public about being mindful of the environment - Everything we do leads to a waterway, if you don’t know you are causing harm to yourself or the environment, you won’t think to change your behaviors.”The Tortuga Music Festival and Rock the Ocean were a resounding success with over 100,000 concert goers in a sold-out attendance to one of the largest country-music beach parties all in support of conservation, awareness and restoration. It provides a platform for groups like NSU’s CRRAM Lab and Stream2Sea to stand side-by-side in solidarity to build a better tomorrow for our future. When formulators and biologists work together it creates a stronger and more unified platform to protect Earth’s ecosystem. They can then develop performance-based, award-winning products that are healthy to use and will not harm the planet through pollution.Nova Southeastern University’s Coral Reef Restoration, Assessment, and Monitoring Lab’s research focuses on coral reef ecology by evaluating threats to coral reefs and their communities, monitoring reef health and investigating methods to improve restoration success. The lab has a strong resource management focus and works closely with local, state, and federal agency resource managers. The NSU Coral Nursery Initiative part of the CRRAM Lab, established in 2007, is a hallmark research project of the Nova Southeastern University Halmos College of Natural Sciences and Oceanography. Located about a mile off the coast of Fort Lauderdale, the NSU coral nursery is fostering re-growth and increased abundance of the threatened staghorn coral species, Acropora cervicornis, which is likely to be soon listed as endangered under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. The nursery project offers hope for species recovery and for coral reef restoration.Stream2Sea has set a new standard for EcoConscious sunscreen and skincare. Along with standard human safety and SPF tests, Stream2Sea products are proven to be biodegradable in both salt and fresh water. One of the only companies who manufactures sunscreen products to have done so, they successfully passed a rigorous series of aquatic toxicity tests and been proven safe to c.elegans and coral larvae. Formulated with powerful antioxidant blends to protect skin from sun damage, includes sunscreens, conditioning shampoo and body wash, leave-in conditioner, nourishing body lotion and lip balms. Stream2Sea products are currently available online at www.Stream2Sea.com or ask for them at your favorite health food store, dive shop or outdoor retailer. Connect with Stream2Sea on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and YouTube as @Stream2Sea or call (866) 960-9513. Click here to view the list of recent Press Releases from Stream2Sea


Cernohorsky N.H.,Masaryk University | McClanahan T.R.,Wildlife Conservation Society | Babu I.,Coral Reef Research | Horsak M.,Masaryk University
Coral Reefs | Year: 2015

Despite large herbivorous fish being generally accepted as the main group responsible for preventing algal accumulation on coral reefs, few studies have experimentally examined the relative importance of herbivore size on algal communities. This study used exclusion cages with two different mesh sizes (1 × 1 cm and 6 × 6 cm) to investigate the impact of different-sized herbivores on algal accumulation rates on the shallow (<2 m) back-reef of Agatti atoll, Lakshadweep. The fine-mesh cages excluded all visible herbivores, which had rapid and lasting effects on the benthic communities, and, after 127 d of deployment, there was a visible and significant increase in algae (mainly macroalgae) with algal volume being 13 times greater than in adjacent open areas. The coarse-mesh cages excluded larger fishes (>8 cm body depth) while allowing smaller fishes to access the plots. In contrast to the conclusions of most previous studies, the exclusion of large herbivores had no significant effect on the accumulation of benthic algae and the amount of algae present within the coarse-mesh cages was relatively consistent throughout the experimental period (around 50 % coverage and 1–2 mm height). The difference in algal accumulation between the fine-mesh and coarse-mesh cages appears to be related to the actions of small individuals from 12 herbivorous fish species (0.17 ind. m−2 and 7.7 g m−2) that were able to enter through the coarse mesh. Although restricted to a single habitat, these results suggest that when present in sufficient densities and diversity, small herbivorous fishes can prevent the accumulation of algal biomass on coral reefs. © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


Veron J.,Coral Reef Research | Veron J.,University of Queensland | Veron J.,James Cook University
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society | Year: 2013

Coral taxonomy has entered a historical phase where nomenclatorial uncertainty is rapidly increasing. The fundamental cause is mandatory adherence to historical monographs that lack essential information of all sorts, and also to type specimens, if they exist at all, that are commonly unrecognizable fragments or are uncharacteristic of the species they are believed to represent. Historical problems, including incorrect subsequent type species designations, also create uncertainty for many well-established genera. The advent of insitu studies in the 1970s revealed these issues; now molecular technology is again changing the taxonomic landscape. The competing methodologies involved must be seen in context if they are to avoid becoming an additional basis for continuing nomenclatorial instability. To prevent this happening, the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) will need to focus on rules that consolidate well-established nomenclature and allow for the designation of new type specimens that are unambiguous, and which include both skeletal material and soft tissue for molecular study. Taxonomic and biogeographic findings have now become linked, with molecular methodologies providing the capacity to re-visit past taxonomic decisions, and to extend both taxonomy and biogeography into the realm of evolutionary theory. It is proposed that most species will ultimately be seen as operational taxonomic units that are human rather than natural constructs, which in consequence will always have fuzzy morphological, genetic, and distribution boundaries. The pathway ahead calls for the integration of morphological and molecular taxonomies, and for website delivery of information that crosses current discipline boundaries. © 2013 The Author. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The Linnean Society of London.


Vo S.T.,Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology | DeVantier L.,Coral Reef Research | Tuyen H.T.,Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology | Hoang P.K.,Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology
Raffles Bulletin of Zoology | Year: 2014

Reef geomorphology, species composition and community structure of reef-building corals of Ninh Hai (south central Vietnam) were investigated from 2003-2011, contributing towards development of an integrated, representative national and regional network of Marine Protected Areas. Ninh Hai hosts extensive and diverse fringing coral reefs covering more than 2,300ha, the result of favourable physico-chemical conditions of sea temperature, water clarity, and sediment levels. These well-developed fringing reefs are rare or absent in other parts of Vietnam, and hence provide a high degree of complementarity to the developing national MPA network. The fringing reefs of Ninh Hai are in relatively good condition (average live coral cover > 25%), comprised of some 310 species from 60 genera of reef-building coral, including 11 species and one genus (Scapophyllia) previously unknown from the western South China Sea. Coral community structure shows considerable differences with other reefs in Vietnam. With the adjacent dry coastal forest ecosystem, these reefs are now protected within the Nui Chua National Park, one of very few examples of integrated conservation management of a terrestrial-coastal marine ecosystem in Vietnam or indeed Southeast Asia. The regular presence of cool water upwelling during the summer months may provide a "refuge" against future reef degradation from extensive coral death from 'bleaching' during episode of elevated sea temperatures. These reefs may thus aid in replenishment of other reefs, via dispersal and recruitment of corals locally and regionally. © National University of Singapore.


Veron J.E.N.,Coral Reef Research
Diversity | Year: 2011

This article summarises the sometimes controversial contributions made by the different sciences to predict the path of ocean acidification impacts on the diversity of coral reefs during the present century. Although the seawater carbonate system has been known for a long time, the understanding of acidification impacts on marine biota is in its infancy. Most publications about ocean acidification are less than a decade old and over half are about coral reefs. Contributions from physiological studies, particularly of coral calcification, have covered such a wide spectrum of variables that no cohesive picture of the mechanisms involved has yet emerged. To date, these studies show that coral calcification varies with carbonate ion availability which, in turn controls aragonite saturation. They also reveal synergies between acidification and the better understood role of elevated temperature. Ecological studies are unlikely to reveal much detail except for the observations of the effects of carbon dioxide springs in reefs. Although ocean acidification events are not well constrained in the geological record, recent studies show that they are clearly linked to extinction events including four of the five greatest crises in the history of coral reefs. However, as ocean acidification is now occurring faster than at any know time in the past, future predictions based on past events are in unchartered waters. Pooled evidence to date indicates that ocean acidification will be severely affecting reefs by mid century and will have reduced them to ecologically collapsed carbonate platforms by the century's end. This review concludes that most impacts will be synergistic and that the primary outcome will be a progressive reduction of species diversity correlated with habitat loss and widespread extinctions in most metazoan phyla. © 2011 by the authors.

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