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Jain M.,Peoples Dental Academy | Sudheendra U.S.,Coorg Institute of Dental science | Khan S.,Rishiraj Dental College
Pathology Research International | Year: 2014

Association of tissue eosinophilia with oral squamous cell carcinoma has shown variable results ranging from favourable to unfavourable or even having no influence on prognosis. Also, very few studies have been done to know the role of eosinophils in premalignancy. So the present study investigated role of eosinophilic infiltration in oral precancer and cancer and its possible use as a prognosticator. 60 histopathologically proven cases (20 cases each of metastatic and nonmetastatic oral squamous cell carcinoma and oral leukoplakia with dysplasia of various grades) were included. Congo red is used as a special stain for eosinophils. Each specimen slide was viewed under high power in 10 consecutive microscopic fields for counting of eosinophils. As a result, a significant increase in eosinophil count was found in oral carcinomas compared to dysplasia. Nonmetastatic cases showed higher counts than metastatic carcinomas. So, it is concluded that eosinophilia is a favourable histopathological prognostic factor in oral cancer. Moreover, higher eosinophil counts in carcinoma group compared to dysplasia group proved that they might have a role in stromal invasion thus suggesting that quantitative assessment of tissue eosinophilia should become a part of the routine histopathological diagnosis for oral precancer and OSCC. © 2014 Megha Jain et al.

Ananda S.R.,Coorg Institute of Dental science | Mythri H.,Sri Siddhartha Dental College
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2014

Preventive dentistry is the area of dentistry that focuses on those procedures and life practices that help people to prevent the beginning or progression of oral disease. It includes at-home dental care performed by patients, as well as dental care and education by professional dental staff in the office or clinic. To assess the knowledge & utilization of preventive dentistry procedures among parents. A household survey was conducted on mothers of school children belonging to 6 to 10 year's age. A multistage sampling is used to include 800 in the study. Results: 91.13% of subjects are aware of importance of primary dentition and permanent dentition but not aware about preventive dentistry procedures to maintain the oral health. The information about the self utilizable preventive measures was obtained mainly by the media. Knowledge of preventive dentistry procedures and utilization rate among parents is very less. Less than 30% of the parents know about Preventive dentistry procedures.

Narsimha Rao V.,Gitam Dental College and Hospital | Putta Buddi J.S.,JSS Dental College | Kurthukoti A.,Coorg Institute of Dental science
Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Year: 2014

Juvenile recurrent parotitis (JRP) is a nonobstructive, nonsuppurative parotid inflammation in young children. Causative factors are many such as allergy, infection, local autoimmune manifestations, and genetic inheritance have been suggested, but none have been proved. Parotid sialography is a hallmark in the diagnosis of JRP but newer modalities such as ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging-sialography are noninvasive investigative techniques. Recurrent attacks are often managed conservatively. Here we report a case of a 5-year-old child with JRP. Sailography can be used as both diagnostic and therapeutic modality.

Regish K.M.,Coorg Institute of Dental science
The European journal of prosthodontics and restorative dentistry | Year: 2013

This study compares the internal fit and marginal adaptation of copy milled Zirconia copings with Nickel-Chromium (Ni-Cr) copings fabricated using a lost wax technique before and after ceramic veneering. A standardized metal master die simulating a prepared crown was fabricated and twenty impressions of the metal die were made and poured with die stone. Wax patterns were made on ten dies and cast while light cure resin patterns were made on the other ten dies for copy milling the Zirconia copings. Five specimens from each group were subjected to ceramic veneering. All the test specimens were luted on to the fresh dies, embedded in dental plaster, sectioned and image analysis done using scanning electron microscopy. Thereafter statistical analysis is done using student t-test. The linear measurements for internal fit and marginal discrepancy were increased for Zirconia compared with Ni-Cr copings. The difference in the values of all the specimens of all the groups were not statistically significant (P > 0.05) except the values comparing the internal fit of Zirconia and Ni-Cr copings before ceramic veneering (P < 0.001) which was statistically significant. The internal fit and marginal adaptability of Ni-Cr copings were found to be better than the Copy milled Zirconia copings but internal fit and marginal adaptability deteriorated after ceramic veneering.

Tegginamani A.S.,Coorg Institute of Dental science | Prasad R.,A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental science
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Year: 2013

Context: Previous studies have reported that the dental follicular tissues associated with impacted lower third molars (ILTMs) may undergo cystic degeneration and/or neoplastic transformation. This is especially likely when the pericoronal space is >2.5 mm on intraoral radiographs and >3 mm on panoramic radiographs and to examine dental follicular tissue for pathological changes in patients with ILTMs and pericoronal radiolucencies of <2.5 mm. Aim: Histopathological evaluation of follicular tissues associated with ILTMs. Materials and Methods: The morphology of the hematoxylin and eosin-stained follicular tissues of 146 such impactions were studied. Results: On microscopy, no cystic structures with fibrous walls were identified. 85 cases (58%) showed fibrous or myxomatous connective tissue and no epithelial elements. 61 cases (42%) showed epithelial elements in addition to fibrocollagenous tissue. Of these, 16 cases exhibited epithelium, of which 13 cases showed reduced enamel epithelium and three cases showed squamous metaplasia/non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium. Conclusions: All asymptomatic unerupted third molars with pericoronal radiolucency of <2.5 mm should be retained since they do not exhibit cyst formation microscopically.

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