Cooperative Extension Service

Little Rock, AR, United States

Cooperative Extension Service

Little Rock, AR, United States
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Cubbage F.,North Carolina State University | Balmelli G.,Instituto Nacional Of Investigacion Agropecuaria | Bussoni A.,University of the Republic of Uruguay | Noellemeyer E.,National University of La Pampa | And 10 more authors.
Agroforestry Systems | Year: 2012

Silvopasture systems combine trees, forage, and livestock in a variety of different species and management regimes, depending on the biophysical, economic, cultural, and market factors in a region. We describe and compare actual farm practices and current research trials of silvopastoral systems in eight regions within seven countries of the world: Misiones and Corrientes provinces, Argentina; La Pampa province, Argentina; northwestern Minas Gerais, Brazil; the Aysén region of Patagonia, Chile; the North Island of New Zealand; the Southeast United States; Paraguay; and Uruguay. Some countries use native trees and existing forests; some use plantations, particularly of exotic species. Natural forest silvopasture systems generally add livestock in extensive systems, to capture the benefits of shade, forage, and income diversification without much added inputs. Plantation forest systems are more purposive and intensive, with more focus on joint production and profits, for small owners, large ranches, and timber companies. Trends suggest that more active management of both natural and planted silvopastoral systems will be required to enhance joint production of timber and livestock, achieve income diversification and reduce financial risk, make more profit, improve environmental benefits, and realize more resilience to adapt to climate change. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Rainey R.,Cooperative Extension Service | Crandall P.G.,University of Arkansas | O'Bryan C.A.,University of Arkansas | Ricke S.C.,University of Arkansas | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Information | Year: 2011

Consumers embrace local food systems as an alternative to the global corporate model, and nearly 75% of consumers in the United States purchase organic foods occasionally. To assess consumers' knowledge of locally grown organic foods, surveys were administered at three metropolitan farmers' markets in Little Rock, Hot Springs, and Texarkana, Arkansas. Consumers with Bachelor's, Associate's, or technical degrees accounted for almost half of the people surveyed. Seventy-one percent believed organic foods were safer than conventional foods. Three times as many consumers were concerned about harmful bacteria in conventional foods than in organic. The number one reason for purchasing was to support local farmers. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Crandall P.G.,University of Arkansas | Friedly E.C.,University of Arkansas | Patton M.,University of Arkansas | O'Bryan C.A.,University of Arkansas | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Information | Year: 2010

To answer the question, "How interested in buying organic foods are the majority of the current shoppers at our farmers' market?," more than 300 consumers at three diverse farmers' market locations were surveyed for their organic food purchasing habits. Compar-isons were made between purchasers who were new to purchasing organic foods and purchasers who had been buying organic foods for many years. Analysis showed that a majority of respondents (74%) were frequent purchasers of organic foods, buying once or twice a month and a significant percentage (44%) of those had been purchasing organic foods for 7 years or more. Opportunities exist to expand organic sales at these farmers' markets in Arkansas, where only 42% purchased most of their organic foods and 80% surveyed answered "yes" that they would buy more organic if its price was similar to that of conventional foods. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Jackson K.T.,New Mexico State University | Cibils A.F.,New Mexico State University | Gould W.R.,New Mexico State University | Graham J.D.,Cooperative Extension Service | Allison C.D.,New Mexico State University
Animal | Year: 2010

Social learning from peers can trigger herd-wide intoxication with white locoweed (Oxytropis sericea), an alkaloid-synthesizing herbaceous legume that grows on rangelands of western North America. We conducted an experiment to test the hypothesis that restriction of the area allocated to animals to feed in would inhibit social facilitation of locoweed ingestion in yearling heifers. Eight heifers that avoided white locoweed (LA) and eight heifers that readily consumed it (LE) were selected from a pool of 40 cross-bred heifers and were randomly assigned to the social facilitation or social interference treatment groups. We conducted 200 10-min feeding trials in three 5-day phases (pre-treatment, treatment, post-treatment) during which animals were presented with a set of bowls arrayed in a test arena, some of which contained ground wheat straw and others contained air-dried ground white locoweed. During the pre-treatment (days 1 to 5) and the post-treatment phases (days 11 to 15) non-social trials were conducted in which the feeding behavior of individual animals was investigated in an 80 m2 arena containing 12 feeding bowls. During the treatment phase (days 6 to 10) social learning trials were conducted in which LA + LE pairs from the social interference group were exposed to 12 bowls of food distributed in an 80 m2 arena intended to induce social interference, and LA + LE pairs from the social facilitation group were exposed to 36 bowls of food distributed in a 240 m2 arena intended to permit social facilitation. During pre-treatment phase, LA heifers consumed detectably less locoweed and wheat straw and exhibited lower preference for locoweed than LE (P 0.05) although wheat straw preference of LA and LE was similar. During social learning trials (treatment phase), LA in the social interference group visited similar number of locoweed bowls (mean s.e.m.: 0.2 0.12) as they had during non-social learning (0.2 0.20). Conversely, LA heifers in the social facilitation group visited detectably more locoweed bowls during social learning trials (1.6 0.46) compared with the pre-treatment phase (0.2 0.16). Correlation between daily number of locoweed bowls visited by LA and LE during social learning trials was detected in the social facilitation (r = 0.70; P < 0.01), but not in the social interference group (r = 0.15; P = 0.52). During testing trials (post-treatment phase), locoweed and wheat straw intake and preference of LA and LE in both treatment groups was similar. Manipulation of the feeding environment delayed, but did not inhibit social learning of toxic weed ingestion in this study. Copyright © The Animal Consortium 2010.

Crandall P.G.,University of Arkansas | Friedly E.C.,University of Arkansas | Patton M.,University of Arkansas | O'Bryan C.A.,University of Arkansas | And 4 more authors.
Food Protection Trends | Year: 2011

An emerging national trend supports purchase of local, organic, all-natural and "slow" foods that allow consumers to feed their bodies without fear of potentially cancer-causing chemicals or bacteria and simultaneously feed their social conscience by not buying produce shipped from all over the world. Because of these demands, business at many farmers' markets is increasing. A total of 305 consumers at three Arkansas farmers' markets were surveyed to determine their concerns and beliefs about the safety of foods. Consumers surveyed were well educated (62% with a bachelors or higher degree), mature (41% over 56 years of age), female (63%), and Caucasian (88%). The largest category (36%) said their major reason for shopping at farmers' markets was that they wanted their food to be free of chemicals. Pesticides were the biggest safety concern of 45% of the respondents. Only 2-6% of respondents were concerned about harmful bacteria in their food, despite massive education projects and media attention related to "harmful bacteria." An overwhelming majority of the respondents (76%) believed that organic foods are inherently safer than their conventional counterparts. This consumer research offers limited insight into the market drivers of safer foods and suggests a sales approach that depends on the markets' locations and gender of their customers. Copyright© 2011, International Association for Food Protection.

Larson-Meyer D.E.,University of Wyoming | Willis K.S.,Cooperative Extension Service
Current Sports Medicine Reports | Year: 2010

LARSON-MEYER, D.E. and K.S. WILLIS. Vitamin D and athletes. Curr. Sports Med. Rep., Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 220Y226, 2010. While it is well recognized that vitamin D is necessary for optimal bone health, emerging evidence is finding that adequate vitamin D intake reduces risk for conditions such as stress fracture, total body inflammation, infectious illness, and impaired muscle function. Studies in athletes have found that vitamin D status is variable and is dependent on outdoor training time (during peak sunlight), skin color, and geographic location. Although research has found that athletes generally do not meet the U.S. dietary reference intake for vitamin D, inadequate endogenous synthesis is the most probable reason for insufficient/deficient status. Given the recent findings, it is imperative that sports dietitians and physicians routinely assess vitamin D status and make recommendations to help athletes achieve a serum 25(OH)D concentration of ≥32 and preferably ≥40 ng.mL -1. Further research is needed to determine the effect of vitamin D status on injury, training, and performance in athletes. Copyright © 2010 by the American College of Sports Medicine.

LOGAN, UT, December 14, 2016-- Dr. Lyle G. McNeal has been included in Marquis Who's Who. As in all Marquis Who's Who biographical volumes, individuals profiled are selected on the basis of current reference value. Factors such as position, noteworthy accomplishments, visibility, and prominence in a field are all taken into account during the selection process.As an animal and veterinary science educator and rancher consultant with more than 50 years of academic and industry experience, Dr. McNeal is widely regarded in the scientific community as a sheep, goat and fiber specialist. He has served as a professor of animal, dairy and veterinary science with Utah State University since 1979. An established author in his fields of expertise, Dr. McNeal has contributed numerous chapters to books, as well as articles to professional publications. Notably, he writes an article for every issue of Hobby Farms Magazine and mentors young people and consults with ranchers in the Intermountain Region of the U.S. Outside of his role at Utah State University, Dr. McNeal is the founder of the Navajo Sheep Project, a nonprofit organization he founded in 1977 that aims to preserve and breed Navajo-Churro sheep with the ongoing deployment of their breeding seedstock as the ongoing mission via returning them to their historic place in the Southwest among the Navajo and Hispanic shepherds and artisan weavers.Dr. McNeal began his career upon graduating with a Bachelor of Science in Animal Husbandry from California Polytechnic State College in 1964. He went on to receive a Master of Science in Animal Breeding and Range Management, with a focus on sheep genetics and carcass traits for improvement, from the University of Nevada-Reno in 1966. Early in his career, Dr. McNeal enjoyed various positions with universities throughout California and Nevada, which includes California State Polytechnic University, San Luis Obisipo and the University of Nevada-Reno Cooperative Extension Service as a multi-county extension agent, and the State of Nevada's Extension Sheep and Horse Specialist. In addition, he previously served as a staff scientist with the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station in Dubois, Idaho, between 1972 and 1977. Dr. McNeal was certified in radiological monitoring through the U.S. Department of Defense in Northern Nevada during the Atomic and Hydrogen Bomb testing that took place in Southern Nevada during that era. He takes great pride in following the migration patterns of bison herds in Yellowstone National Park several times a year.In recognition of his commitment to agricultural sciences and education, Dr. McNeal received numerous awards throughout the course of his career. Most recently, he was the recipient of the U.S. Department of Agriculture Foreign Agricultural Service Award to conduct work with the sheep and wool sector in Armenia in 2011, and then another Foreign Agricultural Service Award to work with the Iraqi shepherds and veterinarians in 2013. In 2007 in Washington, D.C. he received the Carnegie Professor of the Year Award, representing the State of Utah, and to this day, the only professor in the agricultural sciences to receive this nationally recognize award for an outstanding career as a professor in higher education. In 2003, he was selected as recipient of the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the National Association of State and Land Grant Colleges, National Excellence in Teaching Award, the highest in the USDA. His personal achievements include helping to rescue from extinction the first domestic sheep brought to North America by the Spanish conquistadores. Dr. McNeal has been featured in a wide range of honors publications, including Who's Who in America and Who's Who in the World. He maintains involvement with numerous academic and agricultural organizations, including the National Livestock Conservancy, Utah Wool Growers Association, the American Sheep Industry Association, American Society of Animal Science, National Bison Association, and the National Academic Advising Association, where he was named a National Faculty Advisor of the Year in 2005. Additionally, Dr. McNeal is an honorary lifetime member of the Navajo-Churro Sheep Association, Dine' be' Iina (The Navajo Lifeway) organization of Navajo shepherds and notable artisan weavers, and the American Polypay Sheep Association, which sheep breed he helped in its development while at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station, Dubois, Idaho.To learn more about the Navajo Sheep Project, please visit About Marquis Who's Who :Since 1899, when A. N. Marquis printed the First Edition of Who's Who in America , Marquis Who's Who has chronicled the lives of the most accomplished individuals and innovators from every significant field of endeavor, including politics, business, medicine, law, education, art, religion and entertainment. Today, Who's Who in America remains an essential biographical source for thousands of researchers, journalists, librarians and executive search firms around the world. Marquis now publishes many Who's Who titles, including Who's Who in America , Who's Who in the World , Who's Who in American Law , Who's Who in Medicine and Healthcare , Who's Who in Science and Engineering , and Who's Who in Asia . Marquis publications may be visited at the official Marquis Who's Who website at

News Article | December 5, 2016

Dan Arkels, a record-setting soybean and corn farmer from Central Illinois, will headline the 2017 Agronomy Session at Delaware Ag Week in Harrington. Arkels, who was the first Illinois grower to harvest a verified 103.9 bushels of soybeans per acre in 2014, is a big believer in the high-yield potential of soybeans. As he harvested the winning field, his yield monitor fluctuated between 90 and 130 bushels. His current goal? Harvesting a 150-bushel field. “I think 200 bushels is attainable,” he says. Arkels’ appearance is sponsored by the Delaware Soybean Board. He will speak Jan. 12 from 10:40 to noon. Ag Week is organized annually by the Delaware Cooperative Extension Service and features educational tracks on different commodities each day. Delaware soybean growers harvested an average 40 bushels per acre in 2015, the last season for which statistics are available. Winners of the statewide yield contest have reached much higher, with the 2015 winner Dale Blessing harvesting 82.08 bushels of irrigated full-season beans. The Delaware Soybean Board administers soybean checkoff funds for soybean research, marketing and education programs in the state. It is funded by farmers through an assessment of one-half of one percent of the net market value of soybeans at their first point of sale. One-half of the checkoff funds stay in Delaware for programs; the other half is sent to the United Soybean Board. “One of the priorities of the Delaware Soybean Board is to increase soybean yield,” says Jay Baxter, chairman of the Delaware Soybean Board. “One way to do that is to give growers opportunities to learn from others and see what techniques and strategies can be applied to Delaware fields.” Delaware farmers plant about 180,000 acres of soybeans each year, and the crop generates approximately $60 million in value to the state. Delaware’s agricultural industry contributes about $8 billion per year to the Delaware economy. The Delaware Soybean Board consists of nine farmer-directors and the Secretary of Agriculture. For more information about the Delaware Soybean Board visit About Delaware Soybean Board: The Delaware Soybean Board administers soybean checkoff funds for soybean research, marketing and education programs in the state. One-half of the checkoff funds stay in Delaware for programs; the other half is sent to the United Soybean Board. To learn more about the Delaware Soybean Board, visit

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