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Brooklyn, NY, United States

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO.2013-1.2 | Award Amount: 2.23M | Year: 2013

The project aims to support the advancement of the bi-regional STI policy dialogue between the EU MS/AC and the Central Asian countries, with an explicit focus on the Societal Challenges that have been identified to be of mutual interest for the two regions, namely Climate Change, Energy and Health. In particular the project will identify actions and stakeholders and will implement innovative pilot activities to strengthen the coordination and impact of the individual actions. In terms of policy dialogue, the project will provide analytical evidence and monitoring to feed the dialogue and to support joint agenda setting. A policy mix review will be implemented along with capacity building activities with emphasis on the promotion of Innovation. More specifically, links with the EU technology platforms will be established allowing mutual learning and exchange of best practices for enhanced public-private partnerships between the two regions. In addition, support to FP contacts will be provided to strengthen their role and to adapt their functioning to the challenges of H2020. The proposed project will build on the experience of the previous projects (IncoNet EECA and IncoNet CA/SC) targeting the region and will develop synergies with the forthcoming project targeting the Eastern Partnership countries.

Cheng S.-G.,Northwest University, China | Cheng S.-G.,Cooperation Technology
Journal of Physics Condensed Matter | Year: 2012

The spin thermoelectric properties of a zigzag edged ferromagnetic (FM) graphene nanoribbon are studied theoretically by using the non-equilibrium Greens function method combined with the Landauer-Büttiker formula. By applying a temperature gradient along the ribbon, under closed boundary conditions, there is a spin voltage ΔV s inside the terminal as the response to the temperature difference ΔT between two terminals. Meanwhile, the heat current ΔQ is accompanied from the hot terminal to the cold terminal. The spin thermopower S=ΔV s/ΔT and thermoconductance κ=ΔQ/ΔT are obtained. When there is no magnetic field, S versus E R curves show peaks and valleys as a result of band selective transmission and Klein tunneling with E R being the on-site energy of the right terminal. The results are in agreement with the semi-classical Mott relation. When |E R|M, the quantized value of κ=π 2k B 2T/3h appears. In the quantum Hall regime, because Klein tunneling is suppressed, S peaks are eliminated and the quantized value of κ is much clearer. We also investigate how the thermoelectric properties are affected by temperature, FM exchange split energy and Anderson disorder. The results indicate that S and κ are sensitive to disorder. S is suppressed for even small disorder strengths. For small disorder strengths, κ is enhanced and for moderate disorder strengths, κ shows quantized values. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd. Source

Radwanska M.,Cooperation Technology
Parasitology | Year: 2010

Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) or sleeping sickness is caused by protozoan parasites Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and T. b. rhodesiense. Despite the enormous technological progress in molecular parasitology in recent years, the diagnosis of HAT is still problematic due to the lack of specific tools. To date, there are two realities when it comes to HAT; the first one being the world of modern experimental laboratories, equipped with the latest state-of-the-art technology, and the second being the world of HAT diagnosis, where the latest semi-commercial test was introduced 30 years ago (Magnus et al. 1978). Hence, it appears that the lack of progress in HAT diagnosis is not primarily due to a lack of scientific interest or a lack of research funds, but mainly results from the many obstacles encountered in the translation of basic research into field-applicable diagnostics. This review will provide an overview of current diagnostic methods and highlight specific difficulties in solving the shortcomings of these methods. Future perspectives for accurate, robust, affordable diagnostics will be discussed as well. © 2010 Cambridge University Press. Source

Jang M.,Cooperation Technology
Environmental Geochemistry and Health | Year: 2010

To get representative soil samples, a sampling method was verified for crop fields in the vicinity of abandoned mine sites. Application of appropriate sampling or analytical methods is very important as it affects the costs, time, and accuracy of the refined investigation of soil contamination. Two-time sampling for each crop field was conducted to verify the reproducibility of a zigzag method for soil sampling. The soil analysis using a portable X-ray fluorescence (pXRF) device was conducted to measure concentrations of metal species in soils, and its results were compared to the extracted concentrations by the Korean Standard Test (KST) for soils. As a result, the determination coefficient (R2) of linear regression analysis for data obtained by ex situ precise measurement or in situ field screening using pXRF was closely related with the ratio of the extracted concentration by KST to interference-free detection limits (IFDL) of pXRF (designated as KST/IFDL). As the specific metal species had a higher ratio of KST/IFDL, its R2 was even higher in the field screening tests. However, the slopes of linear regression analysis for most metal species extracted by aqua-regia were close to 1.0 so that extracted concentrations by aqua-regia were similar to the analytical values obtained by pXRF, whereas extraction using a weak acid (0.1 M HCl) had different slopes for soils contaminated with different ranges of concentrations of metal species. Especially Zn showed not only high ratios of KST/IFDL because of aqua regia extraction, but also high determination coefficients. Because of its simple, rapid, and accurate capacities for metal analysis, the pXRF analysis showed high applicability in ex situ precise measurements or in situ field screening of metal analysis. In terms of applicability for regulation, especially in situ pXRF field screening with the zigzag method could be effectively applied to achieve an economical survey by determining hot spots or non-contaminated areas if aqua-regia was applied as the extracting agent in the KST for soils. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009. Source

Shoji T.,Osaka City University | Tsuboi Y.,Osaka City University | Tsuboi Y.,Cooperation Technology
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters | Year: 2014

This Perspective describes recent progress in optical trappings of nanoparticles based on localized surface plasmon. This plasmonic optical trapping has great advantages over the conventional optical tweezers, being potentially applicable for a molecular manipulation technique. We review this novel trapping technique from the viewpoints of (i) plasmonic nanostructure, (ii) the light source for plasmon excitation, and (iii) the polarizability of the trapping target. These findings give us future outlook for plasmonic optical trapping. In addition to a brief review, recent developments on plasmonic optical trapping of soft nanomaterials such as proteins, polymer chains, and DNA will be discussed to point out the important issue for further development on this trapping method. Finally, we explore new directions of plasmonic optical trapping. © 2014 American Chemical Society. Source

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