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Cooperation Technology | Date: 2015-05-07

A connecting rod is described for an internal combustion engine comprising a shaft (1) and two connecting rod eyes (2, 3), of which the connecting rod eye (3) accommodating a piston pin has an eccentric (4) forming a pin bearing (5), and comprising a positioning drive (20), which is drivable via a hydraulic positioning cylinder (16), for a gear ring (8) of the eccentric (4). To provide advantageous design conditions, it is proposed that the eccentric (4) be mounted so it is rotationally-adjustable between two stop-limited operating positions, which are offset by at least approximately 180 from one another, in which the axis (7) of the pin bearing (5) is located at least approximately in a shared axial plane (19) of the two connecting rod eyes (2, 3), and the positioning drive (20) comprise a gearwheel (9) meshing with the gear ring (8) of the eccentric (4).

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO.2013-1.2 | Award Amount: 2.23M | Year: 2013

The project aims to support the advancement of the bi-regional STI policy dialogue between the EU MS/AC and the Central Asian countries, with an explicit focus on the Societal Challenges that have been identified to be of mutual interest for the two regions, namely Climate Change, Energy and Health. In particular the project will identify actions and stakeholders and will implement innovative pilot activities to strengthen the coordination and impact of the individual actions. In terms of policy dialogue, the project will provide analytical evidence and monitoring to feed the dialogue and to support joint agenda setting. A policy mix review will be implemented along with capacity building activities with emphasis on the promotion of Innovation. More specifically, links with the EU technology platforms will be established allowing mutual learning and exchange of best practices for enhanced public-private partnerships between the two regions. In addition, support to FP contacts will be provided to strengthen their role and to adapt their functioning to the challenges of H2020. The proposed project will build on the experience of the previous projects (IncoNet EECA and IncoNet CA/SC) targeting the region and will develop synergies with the forthcoming project targeting the Eastern Partnership countries.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO-2009-1.5 | Award Amount: 1.86M | Year: 2010

The project focuses on the strengthening and deepening of the S&T cooperation with the Central Asian and South Caucasus countries, as well as with Moldova. It will be implemented in close coordination with the ongoing IncoNet EECA project (International Cooperation Network for Eastern European and Central Asian countries). The main aims of the IncoNet CA/SC project are: enhancing the policy dialogue with the target countries for the identification of research priorities of mutual interest; development of synergies with other Community policies and instrument for a stronger support to S&T related activities; organization of Info Days and of other activities aiming at an increased participation of researchers from CA and SC in FP7; capacity building and support to the FP7 contact points in the target regions; mapping of key research institutes and analyses/studies on cooperation patterns, S&T Indicators, innovation policies, etc. All the aforementioned activities will feed the Regional Policy Dialogue Platform encompassing all the EECA countries and supported by the ongoing IncoNet EECA project. In parallel, the Central Information Office set up in the context of the IncoNet EECA project and constituting a unique source of knowledge for the entire EECA region will extend and deepen the coverage of the Central Asian counties with particular emphasis on Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan that were not formally included in IncoNet EECA.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: HEALTH-2007-4.1-8 | Award Amount: 679.12K | Year: 2009

The EECAlink is a coordination action aimed at identification of joint research priorities of the EU and EECA countries and strengthening scientific collaboration among them. International Cooperation Partner Countries targeted by our proposal are: Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. EECAlink represents (i) a measure of active encouragement of the international Health research related cooperation and allows (ii) strengthening of the existing bi-lateral scientific collaboration of all participating university/academia partners. Project consortium was balanced to be able to act as a pipe-line for communication of the (iii) research priorities of EECA countries to relevant EU policy makers and vice versa, (iv) help to coordinate future joint calls relevant to the Health Theme. Last, but not least, (v) to build capacities for proposal submission in FP7. EECAlink is proposed to run for 30 months. For the project communication and impact evaluation purposes, we have defined three major target stakeholder groups: 1. Policy makers this target group is further divided into (i) European and (ii) national. The first stakeholder group represents a key element for creation of European added value through identification of joint research opportunities for future calls in the area of Health research 2. Universities and academia partners the project is coordinated by the Charles University in Prague and represents a consortium of ten academic partners, who wish to both strengthen and extend their international collaboration in topics identified in FP7-TP Health programme 3. Wider RTD public research and innovation managers and individual scientific group leaders from participating countries interested in submitting own FP7 proposals

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO-2007-1.3 | Award Amount: 4.01M | Year: 2008

The projects aim is to strengthen the Scientific and Technological cooperation between the EU Member States (and Associated Countries) and the Eastern European and Central Asian countries. To achieve its goals, the IncoNet EECA project will implement activities at both the policy and operational level. At the policy level the project will support the establishment and operation of a Regional S&T Policy Dialogue Platform bringing together national representatives/policy makers from the EU MS (and AC) and the EECA countries, as well as representatives of the European Commission. Similar Platforms will also be created at bilateral level addressing in particular the cooperation with Russia and Ukraine. The role of the Platforms will be to develop a strategy for the cooperation, to identify priority fields for actions, to discuss joint approaches on global issues, etc. In addition, within the project, a particular attention will be paid to other EU policies and instruments (e.g. ENP, CIP) focusing in particular on the opportunities and synergies that may arise for the S&T sector. At the operational level the project includes a variety of activities aiming at: an enhanced participation of researchers from the EECA countries in FP7; the support of NCP/NIP structures in EECA with particular emphasis on the ININ network set up by INTAS; dissemination activities including key conferences, etc. In addition, the project includes a series of analyses, reviews and monitoring activities that will feed the policy dialogue at the level of the aforementioned Platforms. Finally, a particular attention will be given to the issue of sustainability beyond the limits of the project, for all the activities and structures that will be supported.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2013.10.3 | Award Amount: 1.03M | Year: 2014

In the fluid environment of the junction between FP7 and HORIZON 2020, the EAST HORIZON Support Action, brought forward by a balanced mixture of European Strategic Consulting companies, IT Industry, EECA National Research and Governmental Organizations, comes as a bridge for a two-way cooperation between the EECA and the EU.\nIt will inspire ideas, influence policies, and launch actions to:\nSupport the Dialogue between EU and EECA countries\nRaise awareness, help networking EECA organizations for participating in EU R&D and EU organizations participate in EECA R&D Programs.\nMatching EECA Societal Challenges, ICT R&D and Industrial Priorities to HORIZON 2020 concepts, EAST HORIZON, after validating results from previous related projects, will focus on new elements introduced by H2020 and the current frame of policy Dialogue between EU and EECA countries and bring concrete ideas and arguments to the Dialogue between the EC and EECA countries, in the perspective of a coherent ICT R&D cooperation policy.\nThe project will raise awareness by focused events where a deep insight of all relevant EU ICT R&D Frameworks will be provided; reciprocally it will gather feedback on EECA R&D Programs for enabling EU organizations participate in them.\nThe project will create a dense grid of relevant players on the two sides (ICT researchers, IT Associations, Companies, ETPs, Knowledge Networks and Policy makers) in a balanced way so as to maximize research collaboration, in parallel promoting innovation. This will shape new or strengthen existing business links between the EU and EECA IT Industries and Academia/Institutes.\nA permanent communication and collaboration platform, an environment where all ICT Research players meet and work together to raise ideas for joint Research projects will be established. The platform, linked to similar platforms, will be transferred to EECA stakeholders at project end, for achieving sustainability of collaboration mechanisms built under EAST HORIZON.

Radwanska M.,Cooperation Technology
Parasitology | Year: 2010

Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) or sleeping sickness is caused by protozoan parasites Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and T. b. rhodesiense. Despite the enormous technological progress in molecular parasitology in recent years, the diagnosis of HAT is still problematic due to the lack of specific tools. To date, there are two realities when it comes to HAT; the first one being the world of modern experimental laboratories, equipped with the latest state-of-the-art technology, and the second being the world of HAT diagnosis, where the latest semi-commercial test was introduced 30 years ago (Magnus et al. 1978). Hence, it appears that the lack of progress in HAT diagnosis is not primarily due to a lack of scientific interest or a lack of research funds, but mainly results from the many obstacles encountered in the translation of basic research into field-applicable diagnostics. This review will provide an overview of current diagnostic methods and highlight specific difficulties in solving the shortcomings of these methods. Future perspectives for accurate, robust, affordable diagnostics will be discussed as well. © 2010 Cambridge University Press.

Brown Z.S.,North Carolina State University | Johnstone N.,Cooperation Technology
Environmental Science and Policy | Year: 2014

Environmental taxes have long been proposed as an efficient means of improving the fiscal solvency of governments, while at the same time correcting for environmental externalities. However, public support for environmental taxes is often low, making the implementation of these instruments politically challenging in some settings. Scholars have explored the reasons for this broad, negative attitude towards environmental taxes, especially since these taxes are by design supposed to be welfare-improving. But previous empirical analysis on this topic is sparse and limited in context. Here, we empirically analyze support for environmental taxes across four countries, using a household survey on environmental attitudes, behaviour and policy exposure conducted by OECD during 2011. The environmental tax we focus on is pay-as-you-throw (PAYT) charges for mixed waste collection. Looking at expressed levels of support for PAYT charges, we find that people who are exposed to such systems tend to be significantly more supportive of them. This indicates that ex ante public resistance to such schemes is likely to dissipate following their introduction, a pattern which is supported by other, anecdotal reports and by lab experiments with generic Pigouvian taxes which we summarize in the literature review. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Jang M.,Cooperation Technology
Environmental Geochemistry and Health | Year: 2010

To get representative soil samples, a sampling method was verified for crop fields in the vicinity of abandoned mine sites. Application of appropriate sampling or analytical methods is very important as it affects the costs, time, and accuracy of the refined investigation of soil contamination. Two-time sampling for each crop field was conducted to verify the reproducibility of a zigzag method for soil sampling. The soil analysis using a portable X-ray fluorescence (pXRF) device was conducted to measure concentrations of metal species in soils, and its results were compared to the extracted concentrations by the Korean Standard Test (KST) for soils. As a result, the determination coefficient (R2) of linear regression analysis for data obtained by ex situ precise measurement or in situ field screening using pXRF was closely related with the ratio of the extracted concentration by KST to interference-free detection limits (IFDL) of pXRF (designated as KST/IFDL). As the specific metal species had a higher ratio of KST/IFDL, its R2 was even higher in the field screening tests. However, the slopes of linear regression analysis for most metal species extracted by aqua-regia were close to 1.0 so that extracted concentrations by aqua-regia were similar to the analytical values obtained by pXRF, whereas extraction using a weak acid (0.1 M HCl) had different slopes for soils contaminated with different ranges of concentrations of metal species. Especially Zn showed not only high ratios of KST/IFDL because of aqua regia extraction, but also high determination coefficients. Because of its simple, rapid, and accurate capacities for metal analysis, the pXRF analysis showed high applicability in ex situ precise measurements or in situ field screening of metal analysis. In terms of applicability for regulation, especially in situ pXRF field screening with the zigzag method could be effectively applied to achieve an economical survey by determining hot spots or non-contaminated areas if aqua-regia was applied as the extracting agent in the KST for soils. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.

Alavi M.,Cooperation Technology
Global journal of health science | Year: 2014

Childhood is important and critical period in human life. The foundation of ego is shaped in childhood. Play therapy is one of the successful strategies to help children with inner conflicts problems. This method of psychotherapy is base on the normal learning processes of children, provides solutions to relieve feelings of stress, and expands self-expression. Group play therapy can enhance the self-awareness, self- regulation, social communication, empathy and adoptability in children. Present study investigated the effects of play therapy on relational and emotional skills of pre-school children. For this purpose, the total numbers of 372 pre-school children were randomly selected, and divided into two equal groups (case and control). In next step, the BUSSE-SR methodology was used for evaluation and comparison of self-awareness, self-regulation, social interaction, empathy, adoptability, and control groups. Pre-test were performed for both groups and case group was involved in-group play therapy. According to the results of post-test, correlation of variables between case-control groups was examined by multivariate analysis of covariance. Frequency of boys and girls in our sample were 51.3 and 48.7 percent, respectively. The mean age of children was 5.1±0.6 year. According to the results of present study, play therapy significantly enhanced the social-emotional skills (P< 0.001). Our findings are consistent with the results of previous studies in other nations with different environmental and cultural properties. In conclusion, it seems that play therapy can be used in pre-school centers to help children learn problem-solving skills and communicate with others.

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