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Wild M.,Conventionne Avec Luniversite Of Strasbourg | Achard P.,Conventionne Avec Luniversite Of Strasbourg
Plant Signaling and Behavior | Year: 2013

Gibberellins (GA) are phytohormones controlling major aspects of plant lifecycle including seed germination, growth and flower development. GA signaling is also involved in resistance to adverse conditions, thus providing a mechanism for environmentally responsive growth regulation. We recently characterized the function of a core component of the GA signal transduction pathway: RGL3. RGL3 belongs to the DELLA family of negative GA response regulators. Jasmonate (JA) rapidly induces RGL3 expression, which in turn enhances the expression of JA-responsive genes by inhibiting the activity of key repressors of JA signaling, the JAZ proteins. JA and ethylene (ET) are well known to play synergistic roles in plant disease resistance. Accordingly, we showed that RGL3 regulates plant defense responses by modulating JA/ET-mediated defense signaling pathway. © 2013 Landes Bioscience. Source

Derrien B.,Conventionne Avec Luniversite Of Strasbourg | Genschik P.,Conventionne Avec Luniversite Of Strasbourg | Genschik P.,CNRS Biochemistry and Plant Molecular Physiology Laboratory
Frontiers in Plant Science | Year: 2014

RNA silencing has become a major focus of molecular and biomedical research in the last decade. This mechanism, which is conserved in most eukaryotes, has been extensively studied and is associated to various pathways implicated in the regulation of development, in the control of transposition events, heterochromatin maintenance and also playing a role in defense against viruses. Despite of its importance, the regulation of the RNA silencing machinery itself remains still poorly explored. Recently several reports in both plants and metazoans revealed that key components of RNA silencing, such as RNA-induced silencing complex component ARGONAUTE proteins, but also the endonuclease Dicer are subjected to proteasomal and autophagic pathways. Here we will review these post-translational proteolytic regulations with a special emphasis on plant research and also discuss their functional relevance. © 2014 Derrien and Genschik. Source

Wild M.,Conventionne Avec Luniversite Of Strasbourg | Daviere J.-M.,Conventionne Avec Luniversite Of Strasbourg | Cheminant S.,Conventionne Avec Luniversite Of Strasbourg | Regnault T.,Conventionne Avec Luniversite Of Strasbourg | And 5 more authors.
Plant Cell | Year: 2012

Gibberellins (GAs) are plant hormones involved in the regulation of plant growth in response to endogenous and environmental signals. GA promotes growth by stimulating the degradation of nuclear growth-repressing DELLA proteins. In Arabidopsis thaliana, DELLAs consist of a small family of five proteins that display distinct but also overlapping functions in repressing GA responses. This study reveals that DELLA RGA-LIKE3 (RGL3) protein is essential to fully enhance the jasmonate (JA)-mediated responses. We show that JA rapidly induces RGL3 expression in a CORONATINE INSENSITIVE1 (COI1)- and JASMONATE INSENSITIVE1 (JIN1/MYC2)-dependent manner. In addition, we demonstrate that MYC2 binds directly to RGL3 promoter. Furthermore, we show that RGL3 (like the other DELLAs) interacts with JA ZIM-domain (JAZ) proteins, key repressors of JA signaling. These findings suggest that JA/MYC2-dependent accumulation of RGL3 represses JAZ activity, which in turn enhances the expression of JA-responsive genes. Accordingly, we show that induction of primary JA-responsive genes is reduced in the rgl3-5 mutant and enhanced in transgenic lines overexpressing RGL3. Hence, RGL3 positively regulates JA-mediated resistance to the necrotroph Botrytis cinerea and susceptibility to the hemibiotroph Pseudomonas syringae. We propose that JA-mediated induction of RGL3 expression is of adaptive significance and might represent a recent functional diversification of the DELLAs. © 2012 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved. Source

Lechner E.,Conventionne Avec Luniversite Of Strasbourg | Leonhardt N.,CEA Cadarache Center | Eisler H.,Conventionne Avec Luniversite Of Strasbourg | Eisler H.,BioSolutions GmbH | And 5 more authors.
Developmental Cell | Year: 2011

Being sessile organisms, plants need rapid and finely tuned signaling pathways to adapt their growth and survival over their immediate and often adverse environment. Abscisic acid (ABA) is a plant hormone crucial for both biotic and abiotic stress responses. In this study, we highlight a function of six Arabidopsis MATH-BTB proteins in ABA signaling. MATH-BTB proteins act as substrate-binding adaptors for the Cullin3-based ubiquitin E3 ligase. Our genetic and biochemical experiments demonstrate that the MATH-BTB proteins directly interact with and target for proteasomal degradation the class I homeobox-leucine zipper (HD-ZIP) transcription factor ATHB6, which was previously identified as a negative regulator of ABA responses. Reducing CUL3 BPM function leads to higher ATHB6 protein accumulation, reducing plant growth and fertility, and affects stomatal behavior and responses to ABA. We further demonstrate that ABA negatively regulates ATHB6 protein turnover, a situation reminiscent to ABI5, another transcription factor involved in ABA signaling. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source

Daviere J.-M.,Conventionne Avec Luniversite Of Strasbourg | Wild M.,Conventionne Avec Luniversite Of Strasbourg | Regnault T.,Conventionne Avec Luniversite Of Strasbourg | Baumberger N.,Conventionne Avec Luniversite Of Strasbourg | And 4 more authors.
Current Biology | Year: 2014

Regulation of plant height, one of the most important agronomic traits, is the focus of intensive research for improving crop performance [1]. Stem elongation takes place as a result of repeated cell divisions and subsequent elongation of cells produced by apical and intercalary meristems. The gibberellin (GA) phytohormones have long been known to control stem and internodal elongation by stimulating the degradation of nuclear growth-repressing DELLA proteins; however, the mechanism allowing GA-responsive growth is only slowly emerging [2]. Here, we show that DELLAs directly regulate the activity of the plant-specific class I TCP transcription factor family, key regulators of cell proliferation [3]. Our results demonstrate that class I TCP factors directly bind the promoters of core cell-cycle genes in Arabidopsis inflorescence shoot apices while DELLAs block TCP function by binding to their DNA-recognition domain. GAs antagonize such repression by promoting DELLA destruction and therefore cause a concomitant accumulation of TCP factors on promoters of cell-cycle genes. Consistent with this model, the quadruple mutant tcp8 tcp14 tcp15 tcp22 exhibits severe dwarfism and reduced responsiveness to GA action. Altogether, we conclude that GA-regulated DELLA-TCP interactions in inflorescence shoot apex provide a novel mechanism to control plant height. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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