Control Data

Control Data

Control Data Corporation was a supercomputer firm. CDC was one of the nine major United States computer companies through most of the 1960s; the others were IBM, Burroughs Corporation, DEC, NCR, General Electric, Honeywell, RCA, and UNIVAC. CDC was well-known and highly regarded throughout the industry at the time. For most of the 1960s, Seymour Cray worked at CDC and developed a series of machines that were the fastest computers in the world by far. CDC only lost that title in the 1970s after Cray left the company to found Cray Research . After several years of losses in the early 1980s, CDC made the decision to leave the computer manufacturing business and sell those parts of the company in 1988, a process that was completed in 1992 with the creation of Control Data Systems, Inc. The remaining businesses of CDC currently operate as Ceridian. Wikipedia.

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Rungoe C.,Control Data | Langholz E.,Gentofte University Hospital | Andersson M.,Control Data | Basit S.,Control Data | And 3 more authors.
Gut | Year: 2013

Introduction: Treatment possibilities have changed in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We assessed changes in medical treatment and surgery over time and impact of medications on risk of surgery in a population-based cohort. Methods: 48 967 individuals were diagnosed with IBD (Crohn's disease (CD), 13 185; ulcerative colitis (UC), 35 782) during 1979-2011. Cumulative probability of receiving 5-aminosalicylic acids (5-ASA), topical, oral corticosteroids, thiopurines, and tumour necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) blockers, and of first minor or major surgery according to period of diagnosis, was estimated. Medication use and risk of surgery was examined by Cox regression. Results: 5-year cumulative probability of first major surgery decreased from 44.7% in cohort (1979-1986) to 19.6% in cohort (2003-2011) (p<0.001) for CD, and from 11.7% in cohort (1979-1986) to 7.5% in cohort (2003-2011) (p<0.001) for UC. Minor surgery risk decreased significantly in CD. From cohort (1995-2002) to cohort (2003-2011), a significant increase in use of thiopurines and TNF-a blockers was observed, paralleled by a significant decrease in use of 5-ASA and corticosteroids. Comparing use of azathioprine (or oral corticosteroids) to never-use, no convincing surgery-sparing effect was found. Comparing use in 3+ months of a given drug with use <3 months, only 3+ months use of oral corticosteroids reduced the risk of surgery in patients with disease duration of >1 year. Conclusions: Parallel to an increasing use of thiopurines and TNF-a blockers in IBD over time, a persistent significant decrease in surgery rates was observed along with a significant decrease in use of 5-ASA and corticosteroids. However, no convincing surgery-sparing effect of newer medications was found. © 2013 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & British Society of Gastroenterology.


Cho Dr. H.,Control Data | Klabunde Dr. C.N.,U.S. National Cancer Institute | Yabroff Dr. K.R.,U.S. National Cancer Institute | Wang Dr. Z.,Information Management Services | And 3 more authors.
Annals of Internal Medicine | Year: 2013

Background: Many guidelines recommend considering health status and life expectancy when making cancer screening decisions for elderly persons. Objective: To estimate life expectancy for elderly persons without a history of cancer, taking into account comorbid conditions. Design: Population-based cohort study. Setting: A 5% sample of Medicare beneficiaries in selected geographic areas, including their claims and vital status information. Participants: Medicare beneficiaries aged 66 years or older between 1992 and 2005 without a history of cancer (n = 407 749). Measurements: Medicare claims were used to identify comorbid conditions included in the Charlson index. Survival probabilities were estimated by comorbidity group (no, low/medium, and high) and for the 3 most prevalent conditions (diabetes, chronic obstructivepulmonary disease, and congestive heart failure) by using the Cox proportional hazards model. Comorbidity-adjusted life expectancy was calculated based on comparisons of survival models with U.S. life tables. Survival probabilities from the U.S. life tables providing the most similar survival experience to the cohort of interest were used.Results: Persons with higher levels of comorbidity had shorter life expectancies, whereas those with no comorbid conditions, including very elderly persons, had favorable life expectancies relative to an average person of the same chronological age. The estimated life expectancy at age 75 years was approximately 3 years longer for persons with no comorbid conditions and approximately 3 years shorter for those with high comorbidity relative to the average U.S. population. Limitations: The cohort was limited to Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries aged 66 years or older living in selected geographic areas. Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results cancer registry and Medicare claims lack information on functional status and severity of comorbidity, which might influence life expectancy in elderly persons. Conclusion: Life expectancy varies considerably by comorbidity status in elderly persons. Comorbidity-adjusted life expectancy may help physicians tailor recommendations for stopping or continuing cancer screening for individual patients. Primary Funding Source: None. © 2013 American College of Physicians.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.6 | Award Amount: 7.02M | Year: 2011

FLEXIBILTIY aims at significantly advancing the competitiveness of Europe in the area of multifunctional, ultra-lightweight, ultra-thin and bendable OLAE systems. The developed OLAE components include disposable and rechargeable batteries, solar cells, DC charging electronics, loudspeakers, audio amplifiers, analogue signal generators, motion and temperature sensors, RF receiver circuits, as well as a touch screen. By combination of these components, a variety of novel multifunctional OLAE systems is enabled. Based on a fully printed sound module, the following complex demonstrators are developed:\n\tTextile integrated audio module including broadcast radio and solar supply\n\tActive receiver tag for wireless streaming of acoustic data and advertising\n\tSecurity tag system with acoustic alarm, motion and/or temperature sensors\nFor the realisation of these systems, the advantages of several flexible OLAE technologies are combined, while keeping cost issues in mind: e.g. a) R2R printing offering ultra-low costs per area for components requiring large areas (e.g. loudspeaker, high-power audio amplifiers and solar cells), 3-D integration, as well as the integration of heterogeneous devices on one single substrate; and b) compact (down to 10 micrometer gate length), super-fast (> 200 MHz transit frequency, mobilities > 10 cm2/Vs), low-loss IGZO thin-film technology to enable wireless communication systems. To make efficient circuit development in standard CAD tools possible, design-kits including scalable models and automated layout templates are developed. Interface and packaging issues are studied for full system integration on a common flexible foil enabling bending radii down to 1 cm. FLEXIBILITY combines the complementary competences of 3 large companies, 4 SMEs, 1 research institute and 3 universities. Involved countries are Austria, Finland, Germany, Italy, Greece and Switzerland.


Lin D.-F.,St. John's University Taiwan | Chen P.-H.,St. John's University Taiwan | Williams M.,Control Data
Measurement Science Review | Year: 2013

This paper presents a novel solution method based on measurement and analysis of current signals for gearbox fault recognition of wind turbine. A gearbox with typical oil-leakage fault is purposely made. The oil-leakage gearbox and a normal gearbox are used as experimental models to measure and analyze the current signals of generator. This work employs wavelet transform (WT), empirical mode decomposition (EMD) and fast Fourier transform (FFT) to analyze the current signals for both the oil-leakage and the normal gearboxes. K-nearest neighbors (KNN) is used on automatic fault recognition. First, the normal gearbox and the oil-leakage gearbox are separately applied to practical power platform experiments. Second, empirical mode decomposition is applied on analyzing the intrinsic mode function (IMF) of the current signals, and fast Fourier transform is used to get the intrinsic mode function spectrum. Finally, the features of the spectrum are extracted, and K-nearest neighbors is used on gearbox fault recognition of wind turbine. Experimental results indicate that the proposed solution method can effectively recognize the oil-leakage fault of gearboxes.


A system for automating the assembly, processing and delivery of documents includes a plurality of transport clients, a work queue, a scheduler, a plurality of rendering objects, a plurality of transport objects and a routing table. The transport clients are each responsible for acquisition of data necessary to generate the response. Once a work item is received from a transport client, it is added to the work queue. The scheduler manages the work queue including sending work items to an identified rendering object and thereafter to a transport client. Each of the rendering objects includes knowledge of the database as well as processes for extracting information from a database and applying rules on the extracted data. The scheduler assigns work items to be processed by the rendering objects, and once completed, the work items are returned to the scheduler for further processing by a transport object.


A system for electronically creating, filing and approving applications for insurance coverage comprises an application processing system, a risk information system, at least one insurer system and a plurality of agent terminals coupled by a network such as the Internet. The application processing system advantageously presents a user interface via an agent terminal to allow a producer to input information. The application processing system creates a completed insurance application from the input information along with additional information gathered form the risk information system. The application processing system generates one or more applications and automatically submits them to respective insurer systems.


In an example embodiment, a system for electronically generating, formatting and transmitting data across disparate computer-networked systems is described. The system comprises an application processing system, a risk information system, at least one insurer system and a plurality of agent terminals coupled by a network such as the Internet. The application processing system advantageously presents a user interface via an agent terminal to allow a producer to input information. The application processing system retrieves data including a plurality of insurers from a data store. The application processing system receives information and format requirements and generates one or more of a plurality of documents each formatted and transmitted according to parameters prescribed by a respective system.


A system for automating the assembly, processing and delivery of documents includes a plurality of transport clients, a work queue, a scheduler, a plurality of rendering objects, a plurality of transport objects and a routing table. The transport clients are each responsible for acquisition of data necessary to generate the response. Once a work item is received from a transport client, it is added to the work queue. The scheduler manages the work queue including sending work items to an identified rendering object and thereafter to a transport client. Each of the rendering objects includes knowledge of the database as well as processes for extracting information from a database and applying rules on the extracted data. The scheduler assigns work items to be processed by the rendering objects, and once completed, the work items are returned to the scheduler for further processing by a transport object. The transport object uses the work items to create a document including how the document will appear, and also handles the routing of the document as specified in the information request created by the transport client. The transport objects work with the routing table for resource allocation, resource availability, and local or remote processing, and time of processing.


DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Research and Markets (http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/c6m9jj/highdensity) has announced the addition of the "High-Density Packaging (MCM, MCP, SIP, 3D-TSV): Market Analysis and Technology Trends" report to their offering. High-density packaging offer a host of benefits including performance improvements such as shorter interconnect lengths between die, resulting in reduced time of flight, lower power supply inductance, lower capacitance loading, less cross talk and lower off-chip driver power. This report examines and projects the technologies involved, their likely developments, what problems and choices are facing users, and where the opportunities and pitfalls are.

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