Construction Research Institute of Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Construction Research Institute of Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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Ibrahim I.,University of Zagreb | Ibrahim I.,Construction Research Institute of Malaysia | Nawawi A.H.,University of Zagreb | Nawawi A.H.,Construction Research Institute of Malaysia | Safian E.E.M.,University of Zagreb
Proceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management | Year: 2017

Shopping centre are retail properties with special qualities compared to other property investments (Gerbich, 1998). In a recent CNN Travel poll (2014), Kuala Lumpur was voted the 4th best shopping city in the world behind London, Tokyo and New York. Therefore, shopping centres is important component of NGC retail sector and will be playing catalyst role in the years leading to 2020. Under Malaysia's Economic Transformation Programme (ETP), tourism was identified as one of the 12 National Key Economic Areas (NKEA) to drive the nation's economic growth. Since then, a number of tourism development projects have been put in place in order to achieve 36 million tourist arrivals and RM168 billion tourism receipts by 2020. International tourist receipts for 2014 were RM72 billion, an increase of 10% (RM65.4 billion: 2013). The average per capita expenditure of international tourists increased by 3.1% from RM2,545 (2013) to RM2,624 (2014). Since the shopping center contributes to the national economy as well as tourism activities, it is important to establish a classification model of shopping centre in Malaysia. This study focuses on the criteria or attributes of shopping centre that will be used in the shopping centre classification model in Klang Valley as a case study. Classification of shopping centre is challenging because shopping centre have different characteristics and subjected to innovation to maintain their attractiveness and hence competitiveness. While focusing on shopping centre classification model, we compare different criteria or attributes of each shopping centre to adopted in Malaysian shopping centre. This is because each shopping centre has different classification and purpose. The study serves as an initial effort towards developing a new shopping centre classification that can be applied in Malaysia. Hopefully, this research may contribute to the investors, future tenant and developer can make comparison between shopping centres prior to committing in any investment based on different types of their features. © IEOM Society International.


Ling J.H.,Kolej Laila Taib | Abd. Rahman A.B.,University of Technology Malaysia | Ibrahim I.S.,University of Technology Malaysia | Abdul Hamid Z.,Construction Research Institute of Malaysia
Construction and Building Materials | Year: 2012

This paper presents the behaviour and performance of grouted splice connection. A sleeve is utilized to confine the splicing of two discontinued bars, and as a result, the bond performance between the bars and the bonding material can be improved. Two new sleeves, fabricated from standard size steel pipes, were proposed and the grouted splice specimens were tested under incremental tensile load until failure of the specimens, either by bar bond-slip or bar fracture failure. The behaviour of the specimens, which is represented by the load-displacement response, is discussed, and it is found that the geometrical configurations of the sleeve provide significant influence to the bond performance due to the effects of confinement generated by the sleeve. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Azman M.N.A.,Sultan Idris University of Education | Dzulkalnine N.,Construction Research Institute of Malaysia | Hamid Z.A.,Construction Research Institute of Malaysia | Bing K.W.,Sultan Idris University of Education
Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences and Engineering) | Year: 2014

This paper research entitled "Payment Issue in Malaysian Construction Industry by Contractor" intends to investigate the causes of late and non-payment in the Malaysian construction industry. Payment problems are old age issues that permeate the Malaysian construction industry. So often, contractors and parties in the construction industry complain either not getting paid or payments have been unduly delayed by the employer. A preliminary study was undertaken of 100 samples of contractors. The findings of the research shows that the potential major causes of late and non-payment are local attitude, delay in certification by consultant and paymaster's poor financial management. Based on the factor analysis findings, there are three factors that should be taken care which are under factor management and documentation, communication and contract, and culture and attitude. Findings of this study may assist the government and relevant parties in addressing problems associated to late and non-payment in an effective and timely manner to create a win-win situation for all parties in the Malaysian construction industry. The findings will be used as a platform in establishing the payment scenario in Malaysian construction industry prior to Construction Industry Payment Adjudication Act (CIPAA). © 2014 Penerbit UTM Press. All rights reserved.


Azman M.N.A.,Sultan Idris University of Education | Zaihidee F.M.,Sultan Idris University of Education | Nawi M.N.M.,Northern University of Malaysia | Kamar K.A.M.,Lafarge | And 4 more authors.
Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences and Engineering) | Year: 2014

The wide use of machine and machinery in the construction industry can reduce the dependency on foreign workers. The Construction Industry Development Board is formulating a strategic plan to promote the use of machine and machinery in the construction industry. Therefore, this study aims to study the level and status of the usage machine and machinery among the G7 contractors at construction sites. The instrument used in the study consist of questionnaire and interviews. Based on the literature findings, there are 9 types of machine and 9 types machinery used in the construction industry. The percentage use of machine and machinery as well as the level of mechanisation for each phase of construction is at level 1, where the machine and machinery is still driven by the operator and do not involved high technology. The main recommendation in this study is to provide training on the latest information on machine and machinery and CPD (Continue Professional Development) training to promote the use of machine and machinery. In addition, the offering better incentives such as tax breaks and loan facilities should be awarded and provided by the government to activate the economic growth. © 2014 Penerbit UTM Press. All rights reserved.


Ling J.H.,University Malaysia Sarawak | Abd. Rahman A.B.,University of Technology Malaysia | Ibrahim I.S.,University of Technology Malaysia | Abdul Hamid Z.,Construction Research Institute of Malaysia
Engineering Structures | Year: 2016

This study tests grouted splices connected by two types of sleeves, namely Welded Bar Sleeve (WBS) and Tapered Head Sleeve (THS). These sleeves are made from non-proprietary pipe sections, where (a) WBS is fabricated by welding the deformed bars to the inner wall of the pipe, and (b) THS is made tapered with smaller openings at both ends. To study the behavior, the splice specimens were tested under incremental tensile load at various bar embedded lengths and sleeve diameters. The degree of confinement generated in the sleeve is found to increase with decreasing sleeve diameter. This improves the bond strength in sleeve, which subsequently increases the tensile capacity of the splice. THS gives a 30% higher tensile capacity compared with WBS. With the active confinement, the required bar embedded length of the splice can be reduced to 8 times the bar diameter. An analytical model is formulated on the basis of the confinement stress as expressed in a function of sleeve dimensions. The model is used to predict the tensile capacities of the splices at a variation range of ±10% of the experimental results. This verifies the correlations among the sleeve dimensions, the confinement stress and bond strength of the grouted splice. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


Kamar K.A.M.,Construction Research Institute of Malaysia | Hamid Z.A.,Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia
WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment | Year: 2012

The adoption of sustainable construction and green buildings has become an important issue in Malaysia in recent years and has been duly highlighted under the Malaysian Construction Industry Master Plan (2005-2015). This paper highlights current initiatives taken by the government and private sectors in Malaysia to encourage the adoption of sustainable development and green buildings. Leads by the Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia (CIDB), the government of Malaysia has establishment a technical committee and eco-label task force to create guideline for good practices in sustainable construction and green buildings and to develop eco-label accreditation scheme for construction materials. The challenges of the adoption are lack of skill and capacity, overlapping of roles among the government agencies, slow industry follows through on government programs, lack of research and innovation, and cost versus benefits in term of implementation of green technology. Finally, the way forward to accelerate the adoption are to establish green public procurement, to encourage Research and Development (R&D) in related field, to educate and change public perception and mindset, to adopt life cycle costing and Industrialised Building System (IBS) method of construction and to provide legislative and financial framework for sustainable development and green building. © 2011 WIT Press.


Hamid N.H.A.,University Technology of MARA | Mohamad N.M.,University Technology of MARA | Hamid Z.A.,Construction Research Institute of Malaysia | Gani S.H.A.,Construction Research Institute of Malaysia
Malaysian Construction Research Journal | Year: 2012

Seismic assessment of a single bay of double storey house is performed using fragility curve. Fragility curve is employed to determine the percentage Confident Interval (CI) for a double storey house constructed using precast shear-key wall panels and cast-in-situ concrete. A full-scale of the house is constructed on pad footing and seated on strong floor in Heavy Structural Laboratory, CREAM, Kuala Lumpur was tested under reversible lateral cyclic loading. Visual observations were recorded and their classification of damage states are in accordance to drift limits. Damage states limit of these two walls are followed by the definitions and descriptions as given in HAZUS 99-SR2. Colour-coded system is fully utilized in order to identify performance level, damage level, drift damage and ductility factors. Fragility curve for this house is developed based on the probabilistic hazard level, cumulative probability function and classification damage-states. This house has 40% of CI for green colour-coding and 95% of CI for yellow colour-coding under Design Basic Earthquake (DBE) with PGA=0.12g. There is slightly difference for Maximum Considered Earthquake (MCE) where this type of house has 10% of CI for green colour-coding and 65% of CI for yellow colour-coding. The green colour-coding indicates that the house is fully functional while the orange colour-coding show the house still functional even though there are minor cracks on the house. It is recommended that this house should be designed in accordance to Eurocode 8 (EC8) in order to survive under moderate or severe earthquakes.


Hamid N.H.A.,University Technology of MARA | Mohamad N.M.,University Technology of MARA | Hamid Z.A.,Construction Research Institute of Malaysia | Ghani S.H.A.,Construction Research Institute of Malaysia
Malaysian Construction Research Journal | Year: 2014

A full-scale of single bay double-storey house (5.1m × 4.5m × 3.9m) was constructed using precast shear key wall panel and cast-in-situ concrete for column, floor slab and foundation beam at Construction Research Institute of Malaysia (CREAM), Malaysia. This building is designed using British Standard (BS8110) which did not have any provision for seismic loading and no specific detailing connections at its joint. The aim of this study is to determine the global seismic behaviour of non-ductile double-storey house under quasi-static lateral cyclic loading. Two actuators were attached to strong wall and they were simulated using inplane lateral cyclic loading and control displacement method. Fourteen(14) linear potentiometers were used to measure lateral displacement of precast wall panels and twenty six(26) strain gauges were used to monitor strain in steel and concrete. The experimental results showed that the house reached yield displacement at 0.3% drift and yield strength at 220kN. A lot of cracks were observed at shear key wall-column joints and wall-beam joints. The ultimate lateral strength of the structure recorded as 250kN with ultimate lateral drift of 0.4%. The house started to loss its strength known as strength degradation at 0.5% drift and became unstable at 0.7% drift. The biggest opening crack width is 15.95mm was measured at wall-column joints of second floor. The precast shear key wall panel has bigger crack width and low lateral strength capacity because it did not connect with any extruder bars from foundation beam. As a result, the shear key wall panel will collapse in out-of-plane direction and experience severe damage under medium and high intensities of ground motion. As a conclusion, this type of house can only survive under low magnitude of earthquake loading with PGA=0.08g and long distant-earthquakes which centered in Sumatra, Indonesia.

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