Bogoni A.,Consorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per le Telecomunicazioni
IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Modern telecommunication networks are quickly evolving from passive content use to an evolutionary and much more participative social model that demands huge capacity, low power consumption, and low cost. Wavelength-division- multiplexing passive optical network (WDM PON) represents one of the current solutions to meet different network requirements. Nevertheless, in order to fully exploit the potential of WDM PON, unbundling issues still require a more efficient management, specially when the network connections get higher, to achieve high flexibility, scalability, minimum hiring together with low power consumption and low cost. Here, unbundling in WDM PON is handled in optical domain in order to exploit the higher bandwidth optics can offer with respect to electronics, avoiding high power consuming due to optical-electrical-optical (OEO) conversions. The use of photonic signal processing enables not only high bit rate but also scalability, easy reconfigurability, modularity, minimum number of fiber links, and pay as you grow strategy implementation. An innovative architecture based on WDM/time-division-multiplexing conversion is proposed, and all required all-optical subsystems are experimentally demonstrated, as proof of concept, exploiting nonlinear optical fiber. Power penalty lower than 3 dB is verified for each optical block. Power requirements for each subsystem are also reported. Moreover, the use of new integrated technologies can strongly reduce power consumption footprint and implementations cost. © 2010 IEEE. Source
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-30-2015 | Award Amount: 7.10M | Year: 2016
Connected smart objects have invaded our everyday life across multiple domains, e.g. home withautomation solutions, assisted living with sensors and wearables to monitor personal activities, smart transportation and environmental monitoring. IoT is evolving around a plethora of vertically isolated platforms, each specifically suited to given scenarios and often adopting non-standard, sometimes fully proprietary, protocols to control the variety of sensors, actuators and communication elements. symbIoTe comes to evolve this fragmented environment and provides an abstraction layer for a unified control view on various IoT platforms and sensing/actuating resources. symbIoTe designs and develops an IoT orchestration middleware capable of unified and secure access to physical and virtualized IoT resources; hierarchical and orchestrated discovery and control across multiple IoT platforms; federation of IoT controllers and resources for cooperative sensing/actuation tasks; seamless roaming of smart objects across smart spaces. symbIoTe builds its orchestration middleware on top of existing standards for protocols and interfaces, plus a number IoT platforms both proprietary (i.e. developed by its industrial partners) and from open source (e.g. OpenIoT). This unique set of backgrounds and foreground can result in a significant step forward in horizontal integration and federation of IoT domains. Five use cases with real large scale deployments have been selected to validate our vision in representative smart spaces: home/residence, educational campus, stadium, mobility and yachting. Engagement with real users is key in our validation process. With its research, symbIoTe can enable innovative business models for a large set of stakeholders of the IoT value chain, and particularly SMEs and new entrants in the IoT market. The consortium includes direct beneficiaries of these impacts, including small and large industry with IoT business and renowned research performers.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: DS-02-2014 | Award Amount: 6.37M | Year: 2015
ReCREDs ultimate goal is to promote the users personal mobile device to the role of a unified authentication and authorization proxy towards the digital world. ReCRED adopts an incrementally deployable strategy in two complementary directions: extensibility in the type and nature of supported stakeholders and services (from local access control to online service access), as well as flexibility and extensibility in the set of supported authentication and access control techniques; from widely established and traditional ones to emerging authentication and authorization protocols as well as cryptographically advanced attribute-based access control approaches. Simplicity, usability, and users privacy is accomplished by: i) hiding inside the device all the complexity involved in the aggregation and management of multiple digital identifiers and access control attribute credentials, as well as the relevant interaction with the network infrastructure and with identity consolidation services; ii) integrating in the device support for widespread identity management standards and their necessary extensions; and iii) controlling the exposure of user credentials to third party service providers. ReCRED addresses key security and privacy issues such as resilience to device loss, theft and impersonation, via a combination of: i) local user-to-device and remote device-to-service secure authentication mechanisms; ii) multi-factor authentication mechanisms based on behavioral and physiological user signatures not bound to the device; iii) usable identity management and privacy awareness tools; iv) usable tools that offer the ability for complex reasoning of authorization policies through advanced learning techniques. ReCREDs viability will be assessed via four large-scale realistic pilots in real-world operational environments. The pilots will demonstrate the integration of the developed components and their suitability for end-users, so as to show their TRL7 readiness.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EE-11-2015 | Award Amount: 1.78M | Year: 2016
The GAIA project focuses on the educational community; faculty, staff, students and parents at all levels of education: primary/secondary/high schools and universities. Targeting Energy Efficiency in the context of the educational community is clearly very important due to a number of reasons since raising awareness among young people and changing their behaviour and habits concerning energy usage is key to achieving sustained energy reductions and it will also indirectly affect their immediate family environment, while achieving energy reduction in the school buildings. GAIA will create an innovative ICT ecosystem (including web-based, mobile, social and sensing elements) tailored specifically for school environments, taking into account both the users (faculty, staff, students, parents) and buildings (schools, universities, homes) that will motivate and support citizens behavioural change to achieve greater energy efficiency. GAIA will include also a set of pilots in different countries. GAIA will directly educate over 6.900 users, influence and attempt to transform their behaviour through a series of trials conducted in the educational environment and in homes. We expect a larger number of people to be informed about the activities of GAIA and be positively affected towards an energy-efficient behaviour transformation.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-7.2a-2014 | Award Amount: 4.00M | Year: 2015
BONVOYAGE will design, develop and test a platform optimizing multimodal door-to-door transport of passengers and goods. The platform integrates travel information, planning and ticketing services, by automatically analysing non-real-time data from heterogeneous databases (on road, railway and urban transport systems); real-time measured data (traffic, weather forecasts); user profiles; user feedback. The platform is supported by an innovative information-centric communication network that collects and distributes all the data required. The highly heterogeneous, distributed and mobile nature of data, coming from data-centers, sensors, vehicles, goods and people on the move, calls for an innovative networking paradigm. Current networks (e.g. Internet) limit themselves to just providing communication channels between hosts. Our paradigm, called Internames, allows communications among entities identified by names, without the constraint of a static binding to a particular location. The request of a user (be it a person or a parcel) to travel from source to destination is managed by the platform with several tools: Metadata Handler collects and elaborates data related to the request and generates a corresponding Context; User Profiler creates a personalized profile, conveying requirements including Quality of Experience parameters and special needs; Multi-Objective Optimizer develops personalized travel instructions, optimal for the Context and User Profile. The user may give feedback, before accepting the travel itinerary. If a trip is not available at request time, the user is notified if it becomes available later on. An Actuator triggers the necessary services. A Tariff Scheme Designer exploits platform data to define multi-part tariff schemes. BONVOYAGE will trial and demonstrate the platform and communication network in integrated, large-scale, real life application scenarios, incorporated into the normal business operations of our transport operator partners.