Carotta M.C.,CFR Consorzio Ferrara Ricerche |
Fioravanti A.,CNR Institute for Agricultural and Earthmoving Machines |
Gherardi S.,University of Ferrara |
Malagu C.,University of Ferrara |
And 3 more authors.
Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical | Year: 2014
Metal-oxide semiconductors are widely used as functional materials for gas sensing because of their chemoresistive effect when interacting with ambient gases. For this work, nanosized TixSn1-xO2 have been synthesized at increasing Ti molar ratio (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.25, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 0.95, 1) and extensively investigated through a wide variety of characterizations. It turned out that the merging process of the two single oxides formed new compounds with improved gas responses compared to pure TiO2 and also to pure SnO2. Moreover, all investigated physico-chemical characteristics resulted tuneable through the titanium content in the solid solution. Each characterization carried out onto Ti xSn1-xO2 solid solutions made it possible to identify two classes of materials with SnO2-like or TiO 2-like behaviours, the best CO response being on the intersection of the two species of materials. Moreover, a very interesting analysis on the generally accepted electrical transport model through polycrystalline semiconductors has been carried out. Indeed, the comparison with experimental evidences has highlighted a conduction mechanism not previously considered. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.