Collett T.,U.S. Geological Survey |
Bahk J.-J.,Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources |
Baker R.,U.S. National Energy Technology Laboratory |
Boswell R.,U.S. National Energy Technology Laboratory |
And 10 more authors.
Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data | Year: 2015
Recognizing the importance of methane hydrate research and the need for a coordinated effort, the United States Congress enacted the Methane Hydrate Research and Development Act of 2000. At the same time, the Ministry of International Trade and Industry in Japan launched a research program to develop plans for a methane hydrate exploratory drilling project in the Nankai Trough. India, China, the Republic of Korea, and other nations also have established large methane hydrate research and development programs. Government-funded scientific research drilling expeditions and production test studies have provided a wealth of information on the occurrence of methane hydrates in nature. Numerous studies have shown that the amount of gas stored as methane hydrates in the world may exceed the volume of known organic carbon sources. However, methane hydrates represent both a scientific and technical challenge, and much remains to be learned about their characteristics and occurrence in nature. Methane hydrate research in recent years has mostly focused on: (1) documenting the geologic parameters that control the occurrence and stability of methane hydrates in nature, (2) assessing the volume of natural gas stored within various methane hydrate accumulations, (3) analyzing the production response and characteristics of methane hydrates, (4) identifying and predicting natural and induced environmental and climate impacts of natural methane hydrates, (5) analyzing the methane hydrate role as a geohazard, (6) establishing the means to detect and characterize methane hydrate accumulations using geologic and geophysical data, and (7) establishing the thermodynamic phase equilibrium properties of methane hydrates as a function of temperature, pressure, and gas composition. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Consortium for Ocean Leadership (COL) combined their efforts in 2012 to assess the contributions that scientific drilling has made and could continue to make to advance our understanding of methane hydrates in nature. COL assembled a Methane Hydrate Project Science Team with members from academia, industry, and government. This Science Team worked with COL and DOE to develop and host the Methane Hydrate Community Workshop, which surveyed a substantial cross section of the methane hydrate research community for input on the most important research developments in our understanding of methane hydrates in nature and their potential role as an energy resource, a geohazard, and/or as an agent of global climate change. Our understanding of how methane hydrates occur in nature is still growing and evolving, and it is known with certainty that field, laboratory, and modeling studies have contributed greatly to our understanding of hydrates in nature and will continue to be a critical source of the information needed to advance our understanding of methane hydrates. © 2014 American Chemical Society.
News Article | February 15, 2017
Marstel-Day, LLC has received two awards from the Environmental Business Journal (EBJ) for its social contributions and natural resource management achievements. These awards recognize the company's "Stand With Wildlife" campaign as well as its support of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) Migratory Bird Treaty Centennial. The Stand With Wildlife campaign helped shine a light on major wildlife conservation issues of our time, accompanied by a call to action for individuals and businesses to take a stand to support wildlife and biodiversity. Throughout the campaign, Marstel-Day partnered with organizations such asthe National Conservation Leadership Institute (NCLI); One More Generation; Soul River; the Jane Goodall Institute; Five Gyres; the Oakland Zoo; the Wildlife Center of Virginia; the Consortium for Ocean Leadership; the Earth Journalism Network; Discover Nature Apps; the US Fish and Wildlife Service and more. These partnerships focused on identifying and developing strategies to protect, restore and enhance the world's diverse wildlife and their habitats and on presenting ways in which individuals and businesses can help make that happen. Marstel-Day was also recognized for providing support to and coordination of a campaign marking the centennial of the Migratory Bird Treaty between Canada and the United States. Signed in 1916 between the US and Great Britain (acting on behalf of Canada), the Migratory Bird Treaty is the first major US legislation that protects birds migrating across international borders. The two countries agreed to stop hunting all insectivorous birds, and to establish specific hunting seasons for game birds. While the treaty has been very successful, migratory birds still face a number of challenges to survival such as the rate of avian deaths from wind turbines, loss of critical habitat, and the use of pesticides, which continues to grow. The 2016 EBJ awards will be presented at a special ceremony at the Environmental Industry Summit XV in San Diego, Calif. on March 22, 2017. Environmental Business Journal provides strategic information and market forecasts for executives involved in 14 business segments, including environmental remediation, water & wastewater, air pollution control, environmental consulting & engineering, hazardous waste, instrumentation, pollution control equipment, waste management, resource recovery, and solid waste management. About Marstel-Day, LLC: Marstel-Day, LLC is a certified woman-owned environmental consultancy operating to support clients with interest in natural resource protections. The company is headquartered in Fredericksburg, VA and has additional offices in Alexandria and Richmond, VA; Annapolis, MD; Stennis Space Center, MS; San Antonio TX and Oceanside, CA. The company has received numerous awards for its "green" approach to environmental services. About the EBJ Business Achievement Awards: In October-December 2013, Climate Change Business Journal solicited nominations for the EBJ Business Achievement Awards. Nominations were accepted in 200-word essays in either specific or unspecified categories. Final awards were determined by a committee of EBJ staff and EBJ editorial advisory board members. (Disclaimer: company audits were not conducted to verify information or claims submitted with nominations.) About EBI: Founded in 1988, Environmental Business International Inc. (EBI, San Diego, Calif.) is a research, publishing and consulting company that specializes in defining emerging markets and generating strategic market intelligence for companies, investors and policymakers. EBI publishes Environmental Business Journal®, the leading provider of strategic information for the environmental industry, and Climate Change Business Journal®, which covers nine segments of the Climate Change Industry. EBI also performs contract research for the government and private sector and founded the Environmental Industry Summit, an annual three-day event for executives in the environmental industry.
Krisnadhi A.,Wright State University |
Krisnadhi A.,University of Indonesia |
Hu Y.,University of California at Santa Barbara |
Janowicz K.,University of California at Santa Barbara |
And 18 more authors.
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2015
GeoLink is one of the building block projects within Earth- Cube, a major effort of the National Science Foundation to establish a next-generation knowledge infrastructure for geosciences. As part of this effort, GeoLink aims to improve data retrieval, reuse, and integration of seven geoscience data repositories through the use of ontologies. In this paper, we report on the GeoLink modular ontology, which consists of an interlinked collection of ontology design patterns engineered as the result of a collaborative modeling effort. We explain our design choices, present selected modeling details, and discuss how data integration can be achieved using the patterns while respecting the existing heterogeneity within the participating repositories. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.
Cook S.B.,Ocean Research and Conservation Association |
Holloway A.,Consortium for Ocean Leadership |
Lettrich M.,National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration |
Yarincik K.,Consortium for Ocean Leadership COL
Oceanography | Year: 2016
This article draws on several sources to provide background information on the composition of the 2015 ocean science graduate education community. We identify 148 US institutions of higher education that offer graduate degrees in the marine and ocean related sciences. Using data on degree completions and program size, the balance between master’s and doctoral programs, and the demographic characteristics of degree recipients for the 73 higher education institutions that report marine degree data to the federal government, we develop a descriptive snapshot of the 2015 ocean sciences graduate education landscape. For programs administered by members of the Ocean Sciences Educators’ Retreat community within the Consortium for Ocean Leadership, we present time-series information on the “supply side” of program dynamics (i.e., applications, enrollment), including detailed demographics, as well as an overview of curricular patterns and administrative structures. This information provides a framework that the graduate education community can use for further reflection, discussion, and collaborative action focused on the future of postbaccalaureate education in the ocean sciences. © 2016 by The Oceanography Society. All rights reserved.
Cowles T.,Consortium for Ocean Leadership |
Delaney J.,University of Washington |
Orcutt J.,University of California at San Diego |
Weller R.,WoodsHoleOceanographic Institution
Marine Technology Society Journal | Year: 2010
The Ocean Observatory Initiative of the U.S. National Science Foundation is working to advance the ocean sciences by developing the infrastructure for sustained ocean observations at key coastal and open ocean locations. The effort comprises two coastal arrays, four global arrays in the deep ocean, a cabled observatory over the Juan de Fuca tectonic plate, and a sophisticated cyberinfrastructure. The initial installations will be completed by 2015, and 25 years of operation will follow. This article provides an overview of the Ocean Observatory Initiative, followed by more detail about the coastal, regional, and global components. Science drivers are reviewed first. Then, the platforms to be deployed at each site, both moorings and mobile platforms, are described, as are the planned, multidisciplinary core sensors. All data will be freely available.
Sedberry G.R.,National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration |
Fautin D.G.,University of Kansas |
Feldman M.,Consortium for Ocean Leadership |
Fornwall M.D.,U.S. Geological Survey |
And 2 more authors.
Oceanography | Year: 2011
The United States Geological Survey's Biological Informatics Program hosts OBIS-USA, the US node of the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). OBIS-USA gathers, coordinates, applies standard formats to, and makeswidely available data on biological collections in marine waters of the United States and other areas where US investigators have collected data and, in some instances, specimens. OBIS-USA delivers its data to OBIS international, which then delivers its data to the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) and other Web portals for marine biodiversity data. OBIS-USA currently has 145 data sets from 36 participants, representing over 6.5 million occurrence records of over 83,000 taxa from more than 888,000 locations. OBIS-USA, a legacy of the decade-long (2001-2010) international collaborative Census of Marine Life enterprise, continues to add data, including those from ongoing Census projects. Among the many challenges in creating OBIS, including OBIS-USA, were developing a community of trust and shared valueamong data providers, and demonstrating to providers the value of making their data accessible to others. Challenges also posed by the diversity of data sets relevant tomarine biodiversity stored on thousands of computers, in a variety of formats, not all widely accessible, have been met in OBIS-USA by implementing a uniform standard and publishing platform that is easily accessible to a broad range of users. © 2011 by The Oceanography Society. All rights reserved.
Fautin D.,University of Kansas |
Dalton P.,University of Washington |
Incze L.S.,University of Southern Maine |
Leong J.-A.C.,Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology |
And 14 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2010
Marine biodiversity of the United States (U.S.) is extensively documented, but data assembled by the United States National Committee for the Census of Marine Life demonstrate that even the most complete taxonomic inventories are based on records scattered in space and time. The best-known taxa are those of commercial importance. Body size is directly correlated with knowledge of a species, and knowledge also diminishes with distance from shore and depth. Measures of biodiversity other than species diversity, such as ecosystem and genetic diversity, are poorly documented. Threats to marine biodiversity in the U.S. are the same as those for most of the world: overexploitation of living resources; reduced water quality; coastal development; shipping; invasive species; rising temperature and concentrations of carbon dioxide in the surface ocean, and other changes that may be consequences of global change, including shifting currents; increased number and size of hypoxic or anoxic areas; and increased number and duration of harmful algal blooms. More information must be obtained through field and laboratory research and monitoring that involve innovative sampling techniques (such as genetics and acoustics), but data that already exist must be made accessible. And all data must have a temporal component so trends can be identified. As data are compiled, techniques must be developed to make certain that scales are compatible, to combine and reconcile data collected for various purposes with disparate gear, and to automate taxonomic changes. Information on biotic and abiotic elements of the environment must be interactively linked. Impediments to assembling existing data and collecting new data on marine biodiversity include logistical problems as well as shortages in finances and taxonomic expertise. © 2010 Fautin et al.
Benoit D.S.,Nichols State University |
Zimmermann L.A.,Consortium for Ocean Leadership |
Fillingham K.H.,Consortium for Ocean Leadership |
Sempier S.H.,Mississippi Alabama Sea Grant Consortium |
And 3 more authors.
Oceanography | Year: 2016
The role of science and technology (S&T) in society is fundamental to community progress in a number of ways, from improved engineering and production, to environment and human safety, to a basic understanding of natural systems. How science and technology influences lives within a community can be unclear. Events of the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill immediately thrust several unfamiliar and complex concepts to the forefront of daily news outlets for weeks on end. From the outset of the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GoMRI), there was a realization of the need to demystify S&T concepts associated with the DWH spill (from drilling for oil to human health and ecological impacts), as well as to increase baseline S&T understanding in local communities. In particular, effective outreach on S&T addresses the societal need to have informed constituents who can help communities make educated decisions on resource management, community health, and environmental and occupational safety. Although many of these issues are local, the impact of the DWH oil spill transcended regional, national, and international interests, and impinged on numerous segments of society. Because of these issues, GoMRI deemed it paramount to develop and execute a progressive and ambitious outreach program focused on its scientific discoveries. With the hope of stimulating similar efforts in the future, this article outlines and documents key aspects and decision points of this broad-scale outreach program. © 2016 by The Oceanography Society.
Gagosian R.B.,Consortium for Ocean Leadership
Sea Technology | Year: 2012
The presence of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010, the largest oil spill in the US history, still looms, not only in the field of ocean science but within our entire nation. Immediately following the spill, Ocean Leadership and its members became involved in the scientific response by inviting ocean experts to a meeting at the EPA in May 2010. America needs a reliable, secure and reasonably priced supply of energy. Many agree the time is now for the nation to promote an 'all-of-the-above' energy policy. Overall, both of President Barack Obama's federal budget requests for fiscal years 2011 and 2012 maintained a strong commitment to investing in scientific research. But with a heavy deficit, the initially large proposed increases were soon deemed unacceptable by Congress. The political climate remained tense as the federal debt ceiling debates heightened during the summer.
McCurdy A.,Consortium for Ocean Leadership
2014 Oceans - St. John's, OCEANS 2014 | Year: 2015
Operating as an enterprise ocean observing governance groups would be able to better articulate how they interface with each other and stimulate a common vision for the execution of goals and outcomes. By providing a roadmap toward a tighter alignment between objectives and capabilities, an Enterprise Architecture comprised primarily of the Foundation for Execution and an Operating Model, helps identify the processes, data, technologies, and user interfaces necessary to meet evolving scientific and societal needs of the system. Beyond a firm understanding of core processes as defined by the Framework, and pivotal to the evolution of an enterprise, is the adoption of an Operating Model. Through a Foundation for Execution an Operating Model provides the organizing logic for system processes and requirements. Making decisions in accordance with an Operating Model helps remove assumptions and to identify observing elements and programs that fit ongoing strategic objectives. It assists with the development of agreements on what are core elements, and forces clarification on a workable vision. © 2014 IEEE.