Conservation Seeding and Restoration Inc.

Kimberly, ID, United States

Conservation Seeding and Restoration Inc.

Kimberly, ID, United States
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Tindall K.V.,University of Missouri | Stewart S.,University of Tennessee | Musser F.,Mississippi State University | Lorenz G.,University of Arkansas | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Insect Science | Year: 2010

The long-horned beetle, Dectes texanus LeConte (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), is a stem-boring pest of soybeans, Glycine max (L.) Merrill (Fabales: Fabaceae). Soybean stems and stubble were collected from 131 counties in Arkansas, Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee and dissected to determine D. texanus infestation rates. All states sampled had D. texanus present in soybeans. Data from Tennessee and Arkansas showed sample infestations of D. texanus averaging nearly 40%. Samples from Missouri revealed higher infestation in the twelve southeastern counties compared to the rest of the state. Data from Mississippi suggested that D. texanus is not as problematic there as in Arkansas, Missouri, and Tennessee. Infestation rates from individual fields varied greatly (0100%) within states. In Tennessee, second crop soybeans (i.e. soybeans planted following winter wheat) had lower infestations than full season soybeans. A map of pest distribution is presented that documents the extent of the problem, provides a baseline from which changes can be measured, contributes data for emergency registration of pesticides for specific geographic regions, and provides useful information for extension personnel, crop scouts, and growers.

Fothergill K.,Conservation Seeding and Restoration Inc. | Cross C.B.,University of Missouri | Tindall K.V.,University of Missouri | Allen Wrather J.,University of Missouri | And 2 more authors.
Florida Entomologist | Year: 2010

Languria mozardi larva, pupae and adults were recovered from soybean stems during stem dissections to detect Dectes texanus in Arkansas, Missouri, and Tennessee demonstrating that soybean is an acceptable host plant. This is the second native stem boring insect to adopt the introduced soybean as a larval host in the mid-southern United States.

Hesler L.S.,U.S. Department of Agriculture | Fothergill K.,Conservation Seeding and Restoration Inc. | Tindall K.V.,University of Missouri | Losey J.E.,Cornell University
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington | Year: 2010

Coccinella septempunctata L. is a widespread Palearctic species that has been introduced several times into North America within the last century. It is generally considered monomorphic with seven elytral maculae in North America. In this paper, we document variation in elytral macular patterns of C. septempunctata based on examination of 674 (567 North American and 107 Palearctic) specimens of C. septempunctata and 382 digital submissions of North American C. septempunctata. Two beetles lacked apical maculae, and 18 beetles had paired humeral markings. Humeral markings were consistent in position and typically had less-dense black pigmentation than maculae. Sixteen of the 18 beetles with paired humeral markings were from 11 states in the United States, one was from Alberta, Canada, and one was from Italy. Some specimens had asymmetrical elytral markings that included pock marks, irregular fuscous markings, or both. Nineteen specimens of C. septempunctata (19 North American, 1 Palearctic) and 16 C. septempunctata in digital images had asymmetrical markings. Some beetles with paired humeral markings also had dark pock marks or irregular fuscous markings. We recommend examining additional C. septempunctata from various locations to accurately estimate frequency and pattern of variation in elytral macular forms. Possible causes and implications of variation in the elytral maculae of C. septempunctata are discussed.

Fothergill K.,University of Missouri | Fothergill K.,Conservation Seeding and Restoration Inc. | Woodley N.E.,U.S. Department of Agriculture | Tindall K.V.,University of Missouri
Florida Entomologist | Year: 2010

New host records are given for Zelia tricolor (Coquillett), a tachinid fly that is a parasitoid of stem-boring beetles. New host records are Cerambycidae: Hippopsis lemniscata (F.) and Oberea tripunctata (Swederus); Curculionidae: Rhodobaenus quinquepunctatus (Say); and Languriidae: Languria bicolor (F.). The few previously reported hosts of Z. tricolor are summarized.

Fothergill K.,Conservation Seeding and Restoration Inc. | Tindall K.V.,University of Missouri
Coleopterists Bulletin | Year: 2010

Several species of lady beetles are of conservation concern due to the extirpation of some species from large areas of North America. Historical lady beetle specimens from New Madrid and Pemiscot Counties, Missouri were examined and compared to recent captures. Adalia bipunctata (L.), Anatis mali (Say), Anatis labiculata (Say), and Coccinella novemnotata Herbst were present historically, but have not been collected since 1970. Coccinella septempunctata L., Harmonia axyridis (Pallas), and Neoharmonia venusta (Melsheimer) are relative newcomers to the study area. The non-native species, C. septempunctata and H. axyridis, combined accounted for the majority of lady beetle captures within the study area during 2008 and 2009. The implications of the historical data with regard to these changes are discussed. © 2010 BioOne All rights reserved.

Tindall K.V.,University of Missouri | Tindall K.V.,Conservation Seeding and Restoration Inc. | Fothergill K.,Conservation Seeding and Restoration Inc.
Florida Entomologist | Year: 2012

Dolichomitus irritator (Fabricus) was discovered utilizing Dectes texanus LeConte larvae as hosts within the previous year's soybean stubble in early spring in southeast Missouri. This represents the first records of D. irritator utilizing hosts within herbaceous plants and the first records of an Ichneumonid wasp parasitizing D. texanus in soybeans.

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