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Sureda A.,University of the Balearic Islands | Sureda A.,CIBER ISCIII | Box A.,Consell Insular dEivissa | Tejada S.,Research Unit | Tejada S.,University of the Balearic Islands
Continental Shelf Research | Year: 2015

In the Mediterranean Sea, Posidonia oceanica is the main seagrass meadow that brings food and shelter to many species. The P. oceanica deterioration is an indicator of its own status, since it is sensitive to many disturbances, such as human impacts or alien species. Lately, oxidative stress has been pointed out as another possible biomarker of the animal and plant status. The aim of this work was to evaluate the physiological status of the P. oceanica meadows in the Porto Cristo bay (Manacor, Mallorca, Balearic Islands, Western Mediterranean), evaluating the possible impact induced by human activity performed in the area. In situ measurements were quantified (shoot density, and the maximum length and width of P. oceanica leaves) by scuba divers. Leaf samples were collected to determine the catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities. The malondialdehyde (MDA) level as marker of lipid peroxidation was also evaluated. Shoot density, and length and width measurements of the leaves in the inner locations of the bay showed inferior structural features than the leaves from the outer areas. CAT, SOD and GPx enzymatic activities and lipid peroxidation were higher in leaves from the internal zones than in the outer placements. In conclusion, the general status of the of P. oceanica meadows on the Porto Cristo Bay according to structural and oxidative biomarkers evidenced a good physiological condition, although the areas nearest to the harbour and the beach reflect signs of human affection. Altogether, it reflects a good physiological condition of the meadows in the external areas of the Porto Cristo Bay. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Capo X.,University of the Balearic Islands | Tejada S.,Research Unit | Box A.,Consell Insular dEivissa | Deudero S.,Spanish Institute of Oceanography | Sureda A.,CIBER ISCIII
Marine Environmental Research | Year: 2015

Several biomarkers were determined to evaluate the effects of the Don Pedro spillage on the digestive gland of the fan mussel Pinna nobilis (Linnaeus, 1758). Two areas in the southeast of Ibiza Island (Western Mediterranean) were selected; one affected by the oil spill (Talamanca) and one did not affected (Espardell). Mussels were sampled one, six and twelve months after the accident. PAH levels were elevated in P. nobilis from the affected area one month after the accident and, although they were decreasing gradually, they were always higher than in the control area. An increase in enzyme activities, reduced glutathione and lipid peroxidation were evidenced one month after the spillage, with no changes in acetylcholinesterase. All biomarkers progressively returned to basal levels one year after the oil spill. In conclusion, the Don Pedro oil spill induced an acute situation of oxidative stress on P. nobilis that were recovered twelve months later. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Consell Insular Deivissa | Date: 2014-04-17

Precious metals and their alloys; Jewellery, precious stones; Badges of precious metal; Lapel badges of precious metal; Metal badges for wear; Horological and chronometric instruments; Watches bearing insignia; Watches made of rolled gold; Watches made of plated gold; Watches made of precious metals or coated therewith; Housings for clocks and watches; Boxes for timepieces; Watchstraps; Dials; Dials; Cases of precious metals for horological articles; Cases for watches and clocks; Watch cases; Bracelets for watches; Metal expanding watch bracelets; Watchstraps; Bracelets and watches combined; Key chains as jewellery; Key rings of precious metal; Fancy keyrings of precious metals; Key fobs of precious metals; Key rings; Key rings; Articles of jewellery coated with precious metals; Articles of jewellery coated with precious metals; Jewellery coated with precious metal alloys; Gold plated brooches; Charms of precious metals; Key charms coated with precious metals; Cuff links and tie clips; Cufflinks; Decorative cuff link covers; Cuff links made of gold; Cuff links made of imitation gold; Cuff links of precious metal; Cuff-links of precious metal with precious and semi-precious stones; Cuff links made of silver plate; Cuff links coated with precious metals; Cuff links made of porcelain; Articles of jewellery coated with precious metals; Key fobs coated with precious metal; Earrings; Gold earrings; Earrings of precious metal; Earrings; Earrings; Earrings; Gold plated earrings; Trophies coated with precious metal alloys; Trophies coated with precious metals; Flexible wire bands for wear as a bracelet; Bracelets; Jewellery rope chain for bracelets; Jewellery chain of precious metal for bracelets; Bracelets; Bracelets; Gold plated bracelets; Charity bracelets; Bracelets of precious metal; Gold bracelets; Identification bracelets; Bracelets; jewelry. Clothing, footwear, headgear; Garters; Layettes; Espadrilles; Non-slipping devices for footwear; Sleep masks; Frames (Hat -); Motorists clothing; Bibs, not of paper; Swimming costumes; Bandanas; Sashes for wear; Headbands; Bath sandals; Bath slippers; Caps; Boas; Tights; Berets; Footmuffs, not electrically heated; Pockets for clothing; Boots; Lace boots; Ski boots; Booties; Football boots; Babies pants; Scarves; Scarves; Ties; Ties; Hosiery; Socks; Leg warmers; Footwear; Sports shoes; Beach shoes; Pants (Am.); Bathing drawers; Shirts; Short-sleeve shirts; Singlets; Tee-shirts; Bodices; Footwear uppers; Shirt yokes; Hoods; Chasubles; Waistcoats; Shawls; Jackets; Fishing vests; Heavy jackets; Cyclists clothing; Belts; Slips; Ready-made clothing; Combinations; Heelpieces for footwear; Ties; Ties; Silk ties; Ascots; Corsets; Corsets; Camisoles; Detachable collars; Aprons; Sports shoes; Masquerade costumes; Footwear uppers; Petticoats; Shoulder wraps; Fur stoles; Girdles; Skorts; Linings (Ready-made -); Gabardines; Goloshes; Gymnastic shoes; Swimming caps; Shower caps; Ski gloves; Gloves; Overalls; Fittings of metal for footwear; Rainsuits; Jumpers; Leggings; Liveries; Sock suspenders; Garters; Muffs; Maniples; Mantillas; Stockings; Stockings (Sweat-absorbent -); Mittens; Miters; Belts (Money -); Ear muffs; Jodhpurs; Pants (Am.); Tights; Kerchiefs; Pocket squares; Neckerchiefs; Shawls and headscarves, square headscarves; Head scarves; Shoulder scarves; Pocket squares, parkas; Shirt fronts; Pelerines; Pelisses; Pinafores; Furs; Pyjamas; Soles for footwear; Beachwear; Gaiters; Skirts; Ponchos; Knitwear; Clothing; Collar protectors; Pullovers; Cuffs; Tips for footwear; Heelpieces for stockings; Clothing of leather; Clothing of imitations of leather; Clothing for gymnastics; Paper clothing; Outerclothing; Underwear; Sweat-absorbent underwear; Bath robes; Negligees; Sandals; Saris; Sarongs; Pants (Am.); Dress shields; Topcoats; Skull caps; Headgear; Top hats; Hats (Paper -); Brassieres; Soles for footwear; Pullovers; Heelpieces for footwear; Jackets; Studs for football boots; Garters; Headgear; Wimples; Togas; Trouser straps; Costumes; Wetsuits for water-skiing; Turbans; Uniforms; Veils; Gowns; Welts for footwear; Visors; Slippers; Footwear; Wooden shoes. Import, export and business representations, retailing in shops and via global computer networks, wholesaling, all the aforesaid relating to clothing, footwear, headgear, fashion accessories, textile goods, and jewellery; Market research; Sponsorship search; Demonstration of goods; Marketing studies; Organisation of trade fairs for commercial or advertising purposes; Commercial administration of the licensing of the goods and services of others; Consumers (Commercial information and advice for -); Modelling for advertising or sales promotion; Organisation of fashion shows for commercial and advertising purposes; Fashion show exhibitions for commercial purposes; Exhibitions for commercial or advertising purposes; Presentation of goods on communication media, for retail purposes; Sales promotion for others; Advertising; Opinion polling.

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