Enriquez D.G.,Centro Astronomico Hispano Aleman CAHA |
Ranea-Palma A.,Consejeria de Agricultura
Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union | Year: 2012
Andalusia (Spain) houses several astronomical observatories, among them the main observational facility in continental Europe: Calar Alto Observatory. In recent years, the regional government of Andalusia has been setting up a regulation to protect the natural conditions of darkness at night all over the region. This regulation includes several outstanding features and poses specific rules to protect the influence area of Calar Alto Observatory. © 2015 International Astronomical Union.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2013.WATER INNO&DEMO-1 | Award Amount: 3.24M | Year: 2014
The need for providing high quality water to citizens and to reduce damages produce by floods and droughts has motivated research and development of many software-based decision support systems (DSSs). However, despite the notable technical advances DSSs, most of the water infrastructures in Europe are still managed by expert operators based on traditional best practices but with little support from these new smart tools. The objective of SAID project is to involve the final users and the SMEs in order improve the production and deployment of more smart water management systems in Europe. The project will focus in the deployment and evaluation of a complex demonstrator, composed by several heterogeneous and innovative DSSs in the same river basin. This demonstrator, in the south of Spain, represents many similar basins in Europe, and will be based on cutting-edge DSS technologies in four areas: flood control (including the optimization of dam management), quality of water, energy production and energy consumption. The feedback from the final users will drive the improvement of the DSSs and the development and validation of a software platform that facilitate the integration of existing and future DSSs. SAID project will be carry out by water management authorities, companies operating water infrastructures, SMEs that produce DSS and research centers with proved knowledge in techniques and technologies for real-time data monitoring, environmental modeling, simulation and optimization of the water related elements. SAID will contribute to the initial action 1 (Smart water management systems) identified in the priority 4.7 Decision support systems and monitoring in the Strategic Implementation Plan of the EIP on Water.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-1;REGIONS-2009-1 | Award Amount: 3.02M | Year: 2010
Most countries in European Union are suffering severe water scarcity caused by a negative balance between water resources and water demands. A sustainable management of hydrological resources results totally necessary, as it is established by the European Water Framework Directive (60/2000/EC), which makes compulsory for every water management authority in EU to prepare a river basin management plan by the end of this year 2009. In order to fulfil these obligations and considering the complexity of water bodies control and the undefined future scenario provided by climate change, there is an imperative demand of the use of integrated management tools and methods, such as computerized models. Thus, integrated Water Resources Management must be faced from a multisectorial point of view, involving scientific research, social and economic aspects and administrative proceedings. The NOVIWAM project will tackle these challenges by synthesizing the different perspectives of research institutions, authorities and entrepreneurs, introducing them into promotion of interregional co-operation. Based on several top level research results in water management and leaded by a consolidated cluster managed by a regional authority with exclusive competences on a major European river, the project will establish an European network to strengthen synergies between regional, national and EU initiatives addressing the Integrated Management RTD and innovation challenges. NOVIWAM aims to establish long-lasting links between clusters throughout the regions, and allow the triple-helix components to benefit from the scale economies deriving from this multilevel and interregional co-operation. Mentoring activities are strongly considered, as specific needs of clusters from a candidate country (Albania) and insularity problems (Cyprus), have been included. NOVIWAM will produce a Joint Action Plan (JAP) at European level with specific measures and calendar beyond the end of the project.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2012-2013-1 | Award Amount: 1.61M | Year: 2013
Agricultural practices put the biggest pressure on fresh water resources for irrigation (55% of the water use in Europe) and on fertilizer usage. The European farmers face serious problems such as freshwater scarcity and nutrient availability, extreme climate conditions and the growing demand of the increasing population. This results in rising prices for mineral fertilizers and food, risky measures such as untreated wastewater applications on fields, and environmental damages from overexploitation of resources. Even though important local efforts have been made on research activities and initiatives for wastewater treatment and reuse in agriculture, an integrated approach is needed among regions which are developing such research, incentivizing scientific, governmental and business collaboration within wastewater reuse in Europe and supporting the establishment of common European guidelines and parameters for water and nutrient exploitation efficiency. In this sense, the main goal of this project is to develop technologies offering a transnational cooperation service within research-driven clusters, involving universities, regional authorities, research centers, technology developers, enterprises, farmers, and farmers associations related to wastewater treatment and to agriculture from five different countries: Germany, Spain, Greece, Malta and Bulgaria. Such service will provide and facilitate exchange of know-how on alternatives for water and nutrient resources for all project members, create business opportunities in the area of focus and further expand support to stakeholders from countries outside the consortium, concurrently providing solutions to the aforementioned problems Europe is faced with
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: EeB.NMP.2013-3 | Award Amount: 12.89M | Year: 2013
A scalable, replicable, high energy efficient, zero emissions and cost effective SYSTEM to refurbish existing public-owned non-residential buildings to achieve at least 50% energy consumption reduction through: a) A systemic methodology for optimal building retrofitting towards zero emissions, developed to ensure cost effectiveness, scalability and replicability of the interventions taking into account external (geographical, climatic, resources, social) and internal (envelope, facilities and use) building boundary conditions. b) Development of demand reduction strategies: Based on envelope U-value improvement through innovative technologies, material applications and design techniques. c) Development of Energy reduction strategies: An effective interaction and integration of an innovative, scalable, high efficient renewable HVAC hybrid cogeneration system fed with locally available RES, including thermal energy storage strategies as the core of the methodologys implementation. d) Effective interactions of energy flows: building to building, building to electrical grid and building to heating and cooling networks and improved methodologies for interconnectivity of smart grids and heating and cooling networks under the control of a building level energy operation system. Buildings will be considered as single energy-consumption units and at the same time, connected to other buildings forming high energy efficient districts prepared to be connected with other districts around. These energy units will be able to provide advanced energy services (electrical and thermal) to other buildings in their district, which will make the building strategies replicable al district level in order to attract investments.0
Amato F.,CSIC - Institute of Environmental Assessment And Water Research |
Alastuey A.,CSIC - Institute of Environmental Assessment And Water Research |
De La Rosa J.,University of Huelva |
Sanchez De La Campa A.M.,University of Huelva |
And 4 more authors.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics | Year: 2014
The impact of road dust emissions on PM10 and PM2.5 (atmospheric particulate matter with diameteer < 10 μm and 2.5 μm mass concentrations recorded from 2003 to 2010 at 11 locations (rural, urban and industrial) in southern Spain was estimated based on the chemical characterization of PM and the use of a constrained Positive Matrix Factorization, where the chemical profile of local road dust samples is used as a priori knowledge. Results indicate that road dust increased PM10 levels on average by 21-35% at traffic sites, 29-34% at urban background sites heavily affected by road traffic emissions, 17-22% at urban-industrial sites and 9-22% at rural sites. Road dust contributions to ambient PM levels show a marked seasonality with maxima in summer and minima in winter, likely due to the rainfall frequency. Decreasing concentration trends over the sampling years were found at some traffic and urban sites but in most cases the decreases were less significant than for vehicle exhaust emissions, while concentrations increased at industrial sites, probably due to local peculiarities. Concerning PM2.5, road dust contributions were lower than in PM10, as expected but still important (21-31%, 11-31%, 6-16% and 7% for traffic, urban background, urban-industrial and rural sites, respectively). In addition the three main sources of road dust (carbonaceous particles, brake wear and road wear/mineral) were identified and their contributions to road dust mass loadings estimated, supporting the idea that air quality managers should drive measures aimed at preventing the build-up of road dust particles on roads. © 2014 Author(s).
Arenas-Montes A.,University of Cordoba, Spain |
Garcia-Bocanegra I.,University of Cordoba, Spain |
Paniagua J.,University of Cordoba, Spain |
Franco J.J.,Laboratorio Of Produccion Y Sanidad Animal Of Seville |
And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Wildlife Research | Year: 2013
A new method of sampling based on the extraction of blood from the cavernous sinus of the dura mater has been assessed in hunted wild boar. Blood from 139 animals was obtained by two different extraction methods: the harvesting from thoracic cavity (TC) and intracavernous venipuncture (IV). Sera obtained by the IV method had higher volume (mean 2. 85 vs 1. 85 ml), were less hemolytic (mean absorbance at 450 nm: 1. 01 vs 2. 41 nm). A higher number of samples and a higher proportion of sera collected by IV (90. 6 %) compared to those obtained using the TC method (78. 4 %), could be analyzed against Aujeszky's disease using blocking ELISA. No statistically significant differences in seroprevalences between samples obtained using both extraction methods were observed. The results obtained indicate that the IV is an easy, fast, reliable, clean, and safe method to collect blood samples from hunted wild boar, proving a real alternative to the traditional collection method. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Diaz-Hernandez J.L.,Consejeria de Agricultura |
Salmeron T.,Consejeria de Agricultura
Soil Use and Management | Year: 2012
Water deficit is a serious problem for most agricultural crops, especially in arid-semiarid regions, and limits sustainable development. Production can be improved by reducing evapotranspiration and loss of infiltrated water by the use of a plastic cover. We monitored soil moisture fortnightly over 1 yr using a neutron probe near four trees in an olive grove (Olea europaea, var. Arbequina), two of which had a plastic cover buried in the topsoil around them. These trees were monitored using three neutron probe access tubes per tree to compare the behaviour of soil moisture over time with two other identically instrumented and nearby trees with no cover. Analysis was based on the resultant moisture profiles. The plastic cover retained moisture and increased soil water residence time. During the dry season, the amount of water retained in the plots was at most 15-20% greater in the mid-season and at least 5-6% greater at the end of season than in the central part of the plots near the trunk. The plastic cover was effective to ca. 50 cm with maximum water content near the soil surface. During the wet season, the cover did not affect soil water. Soil moisture was greater near the tree trunk as a result of stemflow and throughfall. © 2012 British Society of Soil Science.
Ferrero-Garcia J.J.,Consejeria de Agricultura
Ardeola | Year: 2013
The draft International Convention for the Protection of Birds Useful to Agriculture has been analysed. This text was drafted at an international conference organised by France in 1895, with the participation and agreement of politicians, technicians and prestigious ornithologists and naturalists. The exact content of the draft has been confirmed from different documentary sources, and it has been found that it differed, in part, from the convention to which a dozen European States definitively subscribed in 1902. Also, some of the changes made to the draft were very significant, since they harmed many species and significantly lowered the conservationist pretensions of the convention. The present account suggests that such changes might have been due to pressures exerted in the interests of certain countries, which demurred from the broad consensus reached at the 1895 conference. It is emphasized here that the draft agreed that year was fully consistent with the knowledge and views of much of the scientific community of the time, following the path indicated by some of the bird protection laws that were adopted during the 19th century by several European nations.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: KBBE-2007-1-4-13 | Award Amount: 1.40M | Year: 2008
RuralJobs will quantify the employment needs and potentials in different typologies of pilot areas within contrasting reference areas in six EU countries, evaluating the effectiveness of past and current policies in addressing these needs and potentials, and by systematic analysis of the results, providing guidelines on the better targeting of future rural development measures. The main objective is to provide a clearer understanding of the factors influencing the employment potentials of different typologies of rural areas to support the future evolution of rural development policies. This will be backed up by the identification of good practice and a support network for implementation. The consortium consists of eight partners, one from each of Bulgaria, France, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Romania, Spain and UK. The seven work packages are: WP1. Project management WP2. Assessment of labour market policies and programmes WP3. Assessment methodologies and indicators WP4. Typology for regions WP5. New strategies for employment in pilot areas WP6. Synthesis of recommendations WP7. Dissemination and technical assistance for mainstreaming The beneficiaries will include policy makers at EU, national and regional levels, rural development practitioners including public sector agencies, SMEs and trade groups, NGOs etc. and academics. The deliverables will be: reports on past and current policies and programmes, assessment methodologies, rural typologies, labour market scenarios for pilot areas and regional foresight scenarios; a synthesis of recommendations for future rural development strategies, four regional conferences/workshops; a two-day international conference in Brussel; academic publications; training materials and a website. The sustainable outcome of RuralJobs will be the greater capacity of actors to better target rural development measures, supported by the RUR@CT network and reference area reports on mainstreaming good practice.