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Arenas-Montes A.,University of Cordoba, Spain | Garcia-Bocanegra I.,University of Cordoba, Spain | Paniagua J.,University of Cordoba, Spain | Franco J.J.,Laboratorio Of Produccion Y Sanidad Animal Of Seville | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Wildlife Research | Year: 2013

A new method of sampling based on the extraction of blood from the cavernous sinus of the dura mater has been assessed in hunted wild boar. Blood from 139 animals was obtained by two different extraction methods: the harvesting from thoracic cavity (TC) and intracavernous venipuncture (IV). Sera obtained by the IV method had higher volume (mean 2. 85 vs 1. 85 ml), were less hemolytic (mean absorbance at 450 nm: 1. 01 vs 2. 41 nm). A higher number of samples and a higher proportion of sera collected by IV (90. 6 %) compared to those obtained using the TC method (78. 4 %), could be analyzed against Aujeszky's disease using blocking ELISA. No statistically significant differences in seroprevalences between samples obtained using both extraction methods were observed. The results obtained indicate that the IV is an easy, fast, reliable, clean, and safe method to collect blood samples from hunted wild boar, proving a real alternative to the traditional collection method. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Manzano-Agugliaro F.,University of Almeria | Garcia-Cruz A.,University of Almeria | Fernandez-Sanchez J.S.,Consejeria de Agricultura
Outlook on Agriculture | Year: 2013

This paper analyses differences in productivity by worker's gender in greenhouse agricultural work, using time-study techniques applied to indoor tomato cultivation in Spain. The results show that women had on average a 107.5% greater efficiency compared with men, and that this was evident across all tasks subject to evaluation. Although they were rarely assigned to them due to gender stereotyping, the performance of female workers in tasks involving machinery operation, such as a motorized elevated platform, was shown to be superior to that of men. If the labour were exclusively female for the tasks studied, it would result in net time savings of 44.8%, or 1,286 hours of work per hectare for tomato cultivation. This analysis contributes to our understanding of the consequences of gender stereotyping in rural employment, and shows how greenhouse agriculture could be more sustainable if these issues were addressed.

The draft International Convention for the Protection of Birds Useful to Agriculture has been analysed. This text was drafted at an international conference organised by France in 1895, with the participation and agreement of politicians, technicians and prestigious ornithologists and naturalists. The exact content of the draft has been confirmed from different documentary sources, and it has been found that it differed, in part, from the convention to which a dozen European States definitively subscribed in 1902. Also, some of the changes made to the draft were very significant, since they harmed many species and significantly lowered the conservationist pretensions of the convention. The present account suggests that such changes might have been due to pressures exerted in the interests of certain countries, which demurred from the broad consensus reached at the 1895 conference. It is emphasized here that the draft agreed that year was fully consistent with the knowledge and views of much of the scientific community of the time, following the path indicated by some of the bird protection laws that were adopted during the 19th century by several European nations.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2013.WATER INNO&DEMO-1 | Award Amount: 3.24M | Year: 2014

The need for providing high quality water to citizens and to reduce damages produce by floods and droughts has motivated research and development of many software-based decision support systems (DSSs). However, despite the notable technical advances DSSs, most of the water infrastructures in Europe are still managed by expert operators based on traditional best practices but with little support from these new smart tools. The objective of SAID project is to involve the final users and the SMEs in order improve the production and deployment of more smart water management systems in Europe. The project will focus in the deployment and evaluation of a complex demonstrator, composed by several heterogeneous and innovative DSSs in the same river basin. This demonstrator, in the south of Spain, represents many similar basins in Europe, and will be based on cutting-edge DSS technologies in four areas: flood control (including the optimization of dam management), quality of water, energy production and energy consumption. The feedback from the final users will drive the improvement of the DSSs and the development and validation of a software platform that facilitate the integration of existing and future DSSs. SAID project will be carry out by water management authorities, companies operating water infrastructures, SMEs that produce DSS and research centers with proved knowledge in techniques and technologies for real-time data monitoring, environmental modeling, simulation and optimization of the water related elements. SAID will contribute to the initial action 1 (Smart water management systems) identified in the priority 4.7 Decision support systems and monitoring in the Strategic Implementation Plan of the EIP on Water.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: KBBE-2007-1-4-13 | Award Amount: 1.40M | Year: 2008

RuralJobs will quantify the employment needs and potentials in different typologies of pilot areas within contrasting reference areas in six EU countries, evaluating the effectiveness of past and current policies in addressing these needs and potentials, and by systematic analysis of the results, providing guidelines on the better targeting of future rural development measures. The main objective is to provide a clearer understanding of the factors influencing the employment potentials of different typologies of rural areas to support the future evolution of rural development policies. This will be backed up by the identification of good practice and a support network for implementation. The consortium consists of eight partners, one from each of Bulgaria, France, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Romania, Spain and UK. The seven work packages are: WP1. Project management WP2. Assessment of labour market policies and programmes WP3. Assessment methodologies and indicators WP4. Typology for regions WP5. New strategies for employment in pilot areas WP6. Synthesis of recommendations WP7. Dissemination and technical assistance for mainstreaming The beneficiaries will include policy makers at EU, national and regional levels, rural development practitioners including public sector agencies, SMEs and trade groups, NGOs etc. and academics. The deliverables will be: reports on past and current policies and programmes, assessment methodologies, rural typologies, labour market scenarios for pilot areas and regional foresight scenarios; a synthesis of recommendations for future rural development strategies, four regional conferences/workshops; a two-day international conference in Brussel; academic publications; training materials and a website. The sustainable outcome of RuralJobs will be the greater capacity of actors to better target rural development measures, supported by the RUR@CT network and reference area reports on mainstreaming good practice.

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