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Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

The IPCC (2014) sees dynamic management of forests and of the forest-based industries along with afforestation and changes in the demand for wood as fundamental tools for climate change mitigation. What are and what could be the contribution of these methods and factors to mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions on the scale of France? This note describes how this contribution can be measured. It provides current (2012) figures and offers forecasts to the 2030 horizon and in the long term, according to two scenarios: the “business as usual” and the dynamic scenario. Switching to the dynamic scenario that aims at being both ambitious and realistic, would make for an additional 50 million-tonne reduction in CO2 emissions (compared to current levels) yearly in the long term, i.e., a 38% increase in the mitigating effect of forests and of forest-based industries and a tripling of the substitution effect, the only durable long term effect on climate. © 2014 AgroParisTech.

This article examines the position attributed to forests in public policies on climate and biodiversity in a new context: climate change will have significant impact on the composition and role of forests. The author takes stock of the follow-up given to the report produced in 2007 Préparer les forêts françaises au changement climatique (Preparing French Forests for Climate Change). After briefly recalling its recommendations, the article describes the initiatives taken, the ongoing debates and concrete steps forward. Stress is placed on the involvement of players in research and development and an initial inter-ministerial investigation of the risks. The findings are less positive in the area of silviculture, harvesting and the biodiversity policy. Finally state governance must be improved through a more fulty shared and more inter-ministerial strategic vision that is better harmonised in the field so that forests can be adapted to climate change with confidence.

The European Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), which came out of the Treaty of Rome, has always occupied a key place in European construction. It did so particularly at Europe's beginnings, in a context of food shortage that inspired a drive for agricultural production. In the end, however, the CAP became a victim of its own success and occasioned enormous levels of expenditure, particularly in the 1980s when a huge part of the community budget was devoted to it. Hence the reforms successively introduced in 1992,1999 and, most importantly, 2003, aimed largely at revising the forms of assistance given to agricultural production, agricultural pricing policy and the general logic of the programme (lending greater weight to nutritional quality and the sustainable management of the environment). These were tangible reforms produced in tough negotiations and they are due to run until 2013. In this context, and insofar as France is particularly concerned by the CAP, a French interdepartmental working group embarked in 2009/10 on a foresight exercise on the future of the CAP to 2020 - in other words, beyond the 2013 deadline when a new CAP reform falls due. This was under the leadership of Bernard Bourget. After a brief presentation of the approach and method employed, Bourget gives an account here of the main lessons learned from this exercise and, in particular, develops six possible scenarios for the CAP in 2020, depending on various assumptions made about the environment, food needs, support for agricultural incomes and international competition etc.

de Galbert M.,Conseil General de LAlimentation
Revue Forestiere Francaise | Year: 2013

The world forested area - which covers 31 % of total landmass - is currently subject both to deforestation in tropical areas and to extension due to natural growth or plantations in temperate areas. Sustainable management of natural "stabilised" forests and of close plantations and agro-forestry plantations would yield many benefits including alleviating pressure on primary forests, hence preserving their biodiversity, supplying energy to 2.4 billion population, maintaining or creating jobs and mitigating the greenhouse effect by using wood products instead of materials such as concrete or steel that require a lot of energy to be produced, all of which would account for a significant 8 billion ton mitigation in carbon emission by 2050. © AgroParisTech, 2013.

de Galbert M.,Conseil General de LAlimentation
Revue Forestiere Francaise | Year: 2013

France contributed to the inception of forestry in Turkey. The symposium organised in November 2013 at the Forestry University of Istanbul was the occasion for Michel de Galbert, on behalf of AgroParisTech, to make the presentation described. © AgroParisTech, 2013.

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