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Verheuvel N.C.,Maxima Medical Center | van den Hoven I.,Maxima Medical Center | Ooms H.W.A.,Maxima Medical Center | Voogd A.C.,Comprehensive Cancer Center Netherlands | And 3 more authors.
Annals of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2014

Background: Axillary status in invasive breast cancer, established by sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) or ultrasound-guided lymph node biopsy, is an important prognostic indicator. The ACOSOG Z0011 trial showed that axillary dissection may be redundant in selected sentinel node-positive patients, raising questions on the applicability of these conclusions on ultrasound positive patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate potential differences in patient and tumor characteristics and survival between axillary node positive patients after ultrasound (US group) or sentinel lymph node procedure (SN group).Methods: Patients diagnosed with invasive breast cancer at the Máxima Medical Center between January 2006 and December 2011 were studied.Results: In total, 302 node-positive cases were included: 139 and 163 cases in the US and SN groups, respectively. Patients in the US group were older at diagnosis (p < 0.001), more often had palpable nodes (p < 0.001), mastectomy (p < 0.001), larger tumors (p < 0.001), higher tumor grade (p = 0.001), lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.035), a positive Her2Neu (p = 0.006), and a negative hormonal receptor status (p = 0.003). Also, they were more likely to have more lymph nodes with macrometastases (p < 0.001), extranodal extension (p < 0.001), and involvement of level-III-lymph node (p < 0.001). Finally, they showed a worse disease-free survival [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.71; 95 % confidence interval (CI) = 1.49–4.92] and overall survival (HR = 2.67; 95 % CI = 1.48–4.84) than the SN group.Conclusions: These results suggest that ultrasound-positive patients have less favorable disease characteristics and a worse prognosis than SN-positive patients. Therefore, we conclude that omitting an ALND is as yet only applicable, as concluded in the Z0011, in patients with a positive SLNB. © 2014, Society of Surgical Oncology. Source

Van Meurs H.S.,Center for Gynecologic Oncology Amsterdam | Buist M.R.,Center for Gynecologic Oncology Amsterdam | Sonke G.S.,Netherlands Cancer Institute | Sonke G.S.,Comprehensive Cancer Center Netherlands | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Gynecological Cancer | Year: 2014

Objective: Patients with irresectable granulosa cell tumors (GCTs) often receive chemotherapy. The effectiveness of this approach, however, is uncertain. The aim of our study was to assess the response rate to chemotherapy for residual and recurrent inoperable GCT. Methods: All consecutive chemotherapy-naive patients in 3 referral hospitals who were treated with chemotherapy for residual or recurrent GCT between 1968 and 2011 were included. Main outcome was the response according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor criteria. A literature search in MEDLINE through PubMed was performed, from inception to August 19, 2013. Results: Twenty-seven patients with a GCT who received chemotherapy were identified. Eighteen patients were not evaluable because they had either no measurable disease, or no imaging was performed before and after chemotherapy. One of the 9 evaluable patients (11%) had a complete response, and 1 patient (11%) had a partial response, resulting in a response rate of 22% (95% confidence interval, 0%-49%). Seven patients (78%) had stable disease (range, 2-50 months), and none had progressive disease. Fifteen studies that assessed response rates to chemotherapy on measurable disease in a total of 224 patients showed a response rate of 50% (95% confidence interval, 44%-57%). Strict criteria of response, however, were not uniformly applied in the majority of these published series. Conclusions: In the present study, we present only a moderate beneficial effect of chemotherapy in patients with irresectable GCT with measurable disease. Comparison with previous studies is hampered by a lack of standardized response evaluation in the majority of studies. Given the toxicity of platinum-based chemotherapy, administering this treatment should be a well-considered decision. Copyright © 2014 by IGCS and ESGO. Source

Beijers A.J.M.,Maxima Medical Center | Mols F.,University of Tilburg | Mols F.,Comprehensive Cancer Center Netherlands | Vreugdenhil G.,Maxima Medical Center | Vreugdenhil G.,Maastricht University
Supportive Care in Cancer | Year: 2014

Purpose: The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on the influence of oxaliplatin administration (e.g. cumulative dose, dose intensity, number of cycles and combination regimen) on the long-term prevalence of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (O-IPN) at least 12 months after termination of chemotherapy. Methods: A computerized search of literature on databases PubMed and Cochrane was performed. Published original articles were included if they reported about long-term O-IPN and gave concomitant information about oxaliplatin therapy given to the patients. All articles were assessed for quality. Results: We included 14 articles (n=3,869 patients), and the majority of these studies were of high quality. All included patients who were treated for colorectal cancer, mainly with oxaliplatin in combination with 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin. Median cumulative doses and dose intensity varied between 676 and 1,449 mg/m2 and 30.8 and 42.6 mg/m2/week, respectively. Neuropathy assessment differed between studies, and the National Cancer Institute-Common Terminology Criteria (NCI-CTC) was used most often. The degree of neuropathy ranged from grade 0 to 3. Only six studies directly assessed the relationship between oxaliplatin administration and neuropathy. Of these studies, five did find a relation between neuropathy and higher cumulative dose, while one study did not find a relation. Conclusions: O-IPN is still present in a great amount of patients in ≥12 months after termination of therapy. A higher cumulative dose is likely to have an influence on the development of long-term O-IPN. More studies are needed that assess long-term neuropathy and oxaliplatin administration by means of validated neuropathy assessments. © 2014 Springer-Verlag. Source

Kamp K.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Damhuis R.A.M.,Comprehensive Cancer Center Netherlands | Feelders R.A.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | De Herder W.W.,Erasmus University Rotterdam
Endocrine-Related Cancer | Year: 2012

An increased association between neuroendocrine tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas (GEP-NET) and other second primary malignancies has been suggested. We determined whether there is indeed an increased risk for second primary malignancies in GEP-NET patients compared with an age- and sex-matched control group of patients with identical malignancies. The series comprised 243 men and 216 women, diagnosed with a GEP-NET between 2000 and 2009 in a tertiary referral center. The timeline, before-at-after diagnosis, and the type of other malignancies were studied using person-year methodology. Poisson distributions were used for testing statistical significance. All data were cross-checked with the Dutch National Cancer Registry. Out of 459 patients with GEP-NET, 67 (13.7%) had a second primary cancer diagnosis: 25 previous cancers (5.4%), 13 synchronous cancers (2.8%), and 29 metachronous cancers (6.3%). The most common types of second primary cancer were breast cancer (n=10), colorectal cancer (n=8), melanoma (n=6), and prostate cancer (n=5). The number of patients with a cancer history was lower than expected, although not significant (n=25 vs n=34.5). The diagnosis of synchronous cancers, mainly colorectal tumors, was higher than expected (n=13 vs n=6.1, P<0.05). Metachronous tumors occurred as frequent as expected (n=29 vs n=25.2, NS). In conclusion, our results are in contrast to previous studies and demonstrate that only the occurrence of synchronous second primary malignancies, mainly colorectal cancers, is increased in GEP-NET patients compared with the general population. © 2012 Society for Endocrinology. Source

Janssen-Heijnen M.L.,Comprehensive Cancer Center South | Janssen-Heijnen M.L.,Viecuri Medical Center | Van Steenbergen L.N.,Comprehensive Cancer Center South | Steyerberg E.,Erasmus Medical Center | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology | Year: 2012

Most patients diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) die within the first few years after diagnosis. However, only little is known about those who have survived these first years. We aimed to study conditional 5-year relative survival rates for NSCLC patients during long-term follow-up. Methods: All 12,148 patients aged 45 to 74 years diagnosed with stage I-III NSCLC between 1989 and 2008 in the Netherlands were derived from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Conditional 5-year relative survival was calculated for every additional year survived up to 15 years. Results: Conditional 5-year relative survival rapidly improved with every year survived up to 4 to 5 years after diagnosis. However, a significant excess mortality of 20 to 40% remained. Conditional 5-year relative survival for those aged 45 to 59 years did not exceed 80% for survivors with stage I or II disease and remained just more than 70% for those with stage III disease. For those aged 60 to 74 years, these proportions were 70%, 65%, and 60%, respectively. Conclusions: A significant excess mortality remains in lung cancer after years which may be explained by excess risk of death due to smoking-related comorbidity in these patients. Caregivers should use this information for planning optimal cancer surveillance and informing cancer survivors about their actual prognosis. Copyright © 2012 by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. Source

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