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Szkandera J.,Comprehensive Cancer Center Graz | Herzog S.,Medical University of Graz | Pichler M.,Comprehensive Cancer Center Graz | Stiegelbauer V.,Comprehensive Cancer Center Graz | And 10 more authors.
Pharmacogenomics Journal | Year: 2015

We recently found variants in cancer stem cell genes (CD44, ALCAM and LGR5) significantly associated with increased time to recurrence (TTR) in patients with stage III and high-risk stage II colon cancer treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based chemotherapy. In this study, we validated these genetic biomarkers in a large and independent patient cohort (n=599). Patients who received 5-FU-based adjuvant chemotherapy (n=391) carrying at least one C allele in LGR5 rs17109924 had a significantly increased TTR compared with patients carrying the homozygous T/T variant (HR 0.38, 95%CI 0.19-0.79; P=0.006). In patients treated with surgery alone (n=208), no association between LGR rs17109924 and TTR was found (P=0.728). In the multivariate Cox-analysis, LGR5 rs17109924 remained statistically significant (HR 0.38, 95%CI 0.18-0.78; P=0.008) for patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy. We confirmed in a large and independent study cohort that LGR5 rs17109924 is a predictive genetic biomarker for TTR in patients with colon cancer treated with 5-FU-based adjuvant chemotherapy. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.

Wackernagel W.,Medical University of Graz | Wackernagel W.,Comprehensive Cancer Center Graz | Holl E.,Comprehensive Cancer Center Graz | Holl E.,Medical University of Graz | And 11 more authors.
British Journal of Ophthalmology | Year: 2014

Background/aims To report on local tumour control and eye preservation after gamma knife radiosurgery (GK-RS) to treat choroidal melanomas. Methods A total of 189 patients with choroidal melanoma were treated with GK-RS, with treatment doses between 25 and 80 Grays. The main outcome measures of our retrospective analysis were local tumour control, time to recurrence, eye retention rate and the reason for and time to secondary enucleation. Patientassociated, tumour-associated and treatment-associated parameters were evaluated as potential risk factors. Results Local tumour control was achieved in 94.4% of patients. The estimated tumour control rates were 97.6% at 1 year, 94.2% at 5 years and 92.4% at 10 years after treatment. Recurrence was observed between 3.1 months and 60.7 months post-treatment (median: 13.5 months). Advanced tumour stage (Tumour, Node, Metastasis (TNM) 3-4) was the most important risk factor for recurrence (Fine-Gray model; subhazard ratio, SHR: 3.3; p=0.079). The treatment dose was not related to tumour recurrence. The eye preservation rate was 81.6% at 5 years after treatment, remaining stable thereafter. Twenty-five eyes (14.1%) had to be enucleated at between 17 days and 68.0 months (median: 13.9 months) after GK-RS, and advanced tumour stage (Cox model; p=0.005), treatment dose ( p=0.048), pretreatment visual acuity (p=0.016), and retinal detachment (p=0.027) were risk factors for requiring enucleation. Conclusions GK-RS achieved a high tumour control rate, comparable to linear accelerator-based radiotherapy. Advanced TNM stage was a predictive risk factor for tumour recurrence and for secondary enucleation after GK-RS. Lower treatment doses were unrelated to tumour recurrence, although they were associated with an improved eye retention rate.

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