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Baert-Desurmont S.,University of Rouen | Charbonnier F.,University of Rouen | Houivet E.,University of Rouen | Ippolito L.,University of Rouen | And 53 more authors.
European Journal of Human Genetics

To determine if the at-risk single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) alleles for colorectal cancer (CRC) could contribute to clinical situations suggestive of an increased genetic risk for CRC, we performed a prospective national case-control study based on highly selected patients (CRC in two first-degree relatives, one before 61 years of age; or CRC diagnosed before 51 years of age; or multiple primary CRCs, the first before 61 years of age; exclusion of Lynch syndrome and polyposes) and controls without personal or familial history of CRC. SNPs were genotyped using SNaPshot, and statistical analyses were performed using Pearson's χ 2 test, Cochran-Armitage test of trend and logistic regression. We included 1029 patients and 350 controls. We confirmed the association of CRC risk with four SNPs, with odds ratio (OR) higher than previously reported: rs16892766 on 8q23.3 (OR: 1.88, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.30-2.72; P=0.0007); rs4779584 on 15q13.3 (OR: 1.42, CI: 1.11-1.83; P=0.0061) and rs4939827 and rs58920878/Novel 1 on 18q21.1 (OR: 1.49, CI: 1.13-1.98; P=0.007 and OR: 1.49, CI: 1.14-1.95; P=0.0035). We found a significant (P<0.0001) cumulative effect of the at-risk alleles or genotypes with OR at 1.62 (CI: 1.10-2.37), 2.09 (CI: 1.43-3.07), 2.87 (CI: 1.76-4.70) and 3.88 (CI: 1.72-8.76) for 1, 2, 3 and at least 4 at-risk alleles, respectively, and OR at 1.71 (CI: 1.18-2.46), 2.29 (CI: 1.55-3.38) and 6.21 (CI: 2.67-14.42) for 1, 2 and 3 at-risk genotypes, respectively. Combination of SNPs may therefore explain a fraction of clinical situations suggestive of an increased risk for CRC. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Source

Dejous C.,University of Bordeaux 1 | Hallil H.,University of Bordeaux 1 | Raimbault V.,University of Bordeaux 1 | Raimbault V.,CNRS Laboratory of Analysis and Architectures of Systems | And 7 more authors.
Sensors (Switzerland)

Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide and actual analytical techniques are restrictive in detecting it. Thus, there is still a challenge, as well as a need, for the development of quantitative non-invasive tools for the diagnosis of cancers and the follow-up care of patients. We introduce first the overall interest of electronic nose or tongue for such application of microsensors arrays with data processing in complex media, either gas (e.g., Volatile Organic Compounds or VOCs as biomarkers in breath) or liquid (e.g., modified nucleosides as urinary biomarkers). Then this is illustrated with a versatile acoustic wave transducer, functionalized with molecularly-imprinted polymers (MIP) synthesized for adenosine-51-monophosphate (AMP) as a model for nucleosides. The device including the thin film coating is described, then static measurements with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrical characterization after each step of the sensitive MIP process (deposit, removal of AMP template, capture of AMP target) demonstrate the thin film functionality. Dynamic measurements with a microfluidic setup and four targets are presented afterwards. They show a sensitivity of 5 Hz ppm-1 of the non-optimized microsensor for AMP detection, with a specificity of three times compared to PMPA, and almost nil sensitivity to 3′AMP and CMP, in accordance with previously published results on bulk MIP. © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source

Denoyelle C.,University of Caen Lower Normandy | Denoyelle C.,UNICAEN BioTICLA Unit Biology and innovative therapeutics of locally aggressive cancers EA4656 | Denoyelle C.,Comprehensive Cancer Center Francois Baclesse | Lambert B.,University of Caen Lower Normandy | And 32 more authors.
Cell Death and Disease

We sought to identify miRNAs that can efficiently induce apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells by overcoming BCL-XL and MCL1 anti-apoptotic activity, using combined computational and experimental approaches. We found that miR-491-5p efficiently induces apoptosis in IGROV1-R10 cells by directly inhibiting BCL-XL expression and by inducing BIM accumulation in its dephosphorylated form. This latter effect is due to direct targeting of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) by miR-491-5p and consequent inhibition of downstream AKTand MAPK signalling pathways. Induction of apoptosis by miR-491-5p in this cell line is mimicked by a combination of EGFR inhibition together with a BH3-mimetic molecule. In contrast, SKOV3 cells treated with miR-491-5p maintain AKT and MAPK activity, do not induce BIM and do not undergo cell death despite BCL-XL and EGFR downregulation. In this cell line, sensitivity to miR-491-5p is restored by inhibition of both AKTand MAPK signalling pathways. Altogether, this work highlights the potential of miRNA functional studies to decipher cell signalling pathways or major regulatory hubs involved in cell survival to finally propose the rationale design of new strategies on the basis of pharmacological combinations. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Source

Meryet-Figuiere M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Meryet-Figuiere M.,University of Caen Lower Normandy | Meryet-Figuiere M.,Comprehensive Cancer Center Francois Baclesse | Lambert B.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 18 more authors.

As with miRNAs a decade ago, the scientific community recently understood that lncRNAs represent a new layer of complexity in the regulation of gene expression. Although only a subset of lncRNAs has been functionally characterized, it is clear that they are deeply involved in the most critical physiological and pathological biological processes. This review shows that in ovarian carcinoma, data already available testify to the importance of lncRNAs and that the demonstration of an ever-growing role of lncRNAs in the biology of this malignancy can be expected from future studies. We also underline the importance of their relationship with associated protein partners and miRNAs. Together, the available information suggests that the emerging field of lncRNAs will pave the way for a better understanding of ovarian cancer biology and might lead to the development of innovative therapeutic approaches. Moreover, lncRNAs expression signatures either alone or in combination with other types of markers (miRNAs, mRNAs, proteins) could prove useful to predict outcome or treatment follow-up in order to improve the therapeutic care of ovarian carcinoma patients. Source

Gloaguen C.,University of Caen Lower Normandy | Gloaguen C.,BioTICLA Unit Biologie et Therapies Innovantes des Cancers Localement Agressifs | Gloaguen C.,Comprehensive Cancer Center Francois Baclesse | Gloaguen C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 52 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

Apoptosis control defects such as the deregulation of Bcl-2 family member expression are frequently involved in chemoresistance. In ovarian carcinoma, we previously demonstrated that Bcl-xL and Mcl-1 cooperate to protect cancer cells against apoptosis and their concomitant inhibition leads to massive apoptosis even in the absence of chemotherapy. Whereas Bcl-xL inhibitors are now available, Mcl-1 inhibition, required to sensitize cells to Bcl-xL-targeting strategies, remains problematic. In this context, we designed and synthesized oligopyridines potentially targeting the Mcl-1 hydrophobic pocket, evaluated their capacity to inhibit Mcl-1 in live cells, and implemented a functional screening assay to evaluate their ability to sensitize ovarian carcinoma cells to Bcl-xL-targeting strategies. We established structure-activity relationships and focused our attention on MR29072, named Pyridoclax. Surface plasmon resonance assay demonstrated that pyridoclax directly binds to Mcl-1. Without cytotoxic activity when administered as a single agent, pyridoclax induced apoptosis in combination with Bcl-xL-targeting siRNA or with ABT-737 in ovarian, lung, and mesothelioma cancer cells. © 2015 American Chemical Society. Source

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