Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.5 | Award Amount: 11.76M | Year: 2012
NEWLED will develop high efficiency and high brightness monolithic and hybrid all-semiconductor WHITE light-emitting GaN-based diodes. Power losses due to phosphor conversion and the problem of different ageing rates of the GaN LED pump will be eliminated by the development of phosphor free structures with increased brightness (power emitted per surface per angle). NEWLED will enhance the efficiency of yellow InGaAlP/AlGaAs LEDs by bandgap engineered superlattices. Novel light extraction approaches will target advanced directionality and colour adjustment. Values of 50 to 60% overall efficiency with a conversion of greater than 200 lm/W in the exploited warm white LEDs are targeted as well as the realisation of a colour rendering index (CRI) of greater than 95. Advanced packaging will enable effective heat dissipation and light management. The devices will have immediate applications in automotive, industrial lighting and displays industries. Widespread implementation would reduce global energy consumption by approximately 10% and reduce CO2 emissions by 3Bn tonnes with consequent economic and environmental benefits.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-28-2015 | Award Amount: 17.24M | Year: 2016
The MIRPHAB (Mid InfraRed PHotonics devices fABrication for chemical sensing and spectroscopic applications) consortium will establish a pilot line to serve the growing needs of European industry in the field of analytical micro-sensors. Its main objectives are to: provide a reliable supply of mid-infrared (MIR) photonic components for companies incl. in particular SMEs already active in analytical MIR sensing reduce investment cost to access innovative MIR solutions for companies already active in the field of analytical sensors, but new to MIR photonics based sensing attract companies new to the field of analytical sensors, aiming to integrate -sensors into their products. To fulfil those objectives, MIRPHAB is organized as a distributed pilot line formed by leading European industrial suppliers of MIR photonic components, complemented by first class European R&D institutes with processing facilities capable of carrying out pilot line production. MIRPHAB provides: access to MIR photonic devices via mounted/packaged devices for laser-based analytical MIR sensors expert design for sensor components to be fabricated in the pilot line plus training services to its customers. The platform will be organized such that new developments in MIR micro- and integrated optic components and modules can be taken up and incorporated into the MIRPHAB portfolio. MIRPHAB will work on a convincing scheme for the flow of hardware and information, suitable to operate a distributed pilot line efficiently. MIRPHAB will develop sound business cases and a compelling business plan. Potential cost-performance breakthroughs will be shown for reliable MIR sensing products based on building blocks provided by MIRPHAB. MIRPHAB will become a sustainable source of key components for new and highly competitive MIR sensors, facilitating their effective market introduction and thus significantly strengthening the position and competitiveness of the respective European industry sector.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.2.2-01 | Award Amount: 4.04M | Year: 2014
Multi-junction solar cell technology, based on III-V semiconductor structures grown onto Germanium substrates, is well established as the primary photovoltaic technology used in satellite power generation. As future satellite power requirements will significantly increase due to the adoption of technologies such as electrical propulsion, sensing and telecommunications, next generation space solar cells will be required to significantly increase their conversion efficiency to enable higher energy generation with minimal increase in overall system weight and cost. To this end, this proposal will develop multi-junction space solar cells on high quality, low cost, large area (150mm diameter) Germanium substrates, which will have conversion efficiencies >33% (AM0), utilising novel 4-Junction architectures. The process will adopt dilute nitride epitaxial technology that has been developed by Nanyang Technological University (1). To enable this, a powerful consortium has been assembled, which covers the entire skill set required to produce such cells, including substrate manufacture, advanced epitaxy, device design, device fabrication, test and qualification. (1). Molecular beam epitaxy grown GaNAsSb 1 eV photovoltaic cell, K.H. Tan, S. Wicaksono, W.K. Loke, D. Li, S.F. Yoon, E.A. Fitzgerald, S.A. Ringel, J.S. Harris Jr, Journal of Crystal Growth 335, pp66-69, 2011.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-06-2014 | Award Amount: 4.00M | Year: 2015
The demand for broadband content and services has been growing at tremendous rates, and predictions indicate that wireless data-rates of multiple tens of Gbps will be required by the year 2020, essentially for short-range connectivity. Currently available wireless technology cannot support these future demands, and so there is an urgent need to develop new technology platforms that are cost and energy efficient to enable ubiquitous ultra-broadband wireless communications seamlessly integrated with high-speed fibre-optic networks, paving the way for 100 Gbps datarates in the long term. The frequency spectrum currently in use is not expected to be suitable to accommodate the predicted future data-rate requirements, and therefore there is a need to embrace higher frequency bands, above 60 GHz and up to 1 THz. iBROW aims at developing a novel, low cost, energy-efficient and compact ultra-broadband short-range wireless communication transceiver technology, capable of addressing predicted future network usage requirements. This will be pursued through the exploitation of Resonant Tunnelling Diode (RTD) devices which represent the fastest pure solid-state electronic devices operating at room temperature with reported working frequencies exceeding 1 THz. Through the development of a unified technology that can be integrated into both ends of the wireless link, namely consumer portable devices and fibre-optic supported base-stations, the project aims at increasing the RTD output power, optical detection efficiency and energy efficiency at target frequencies, developing a methodology for low cost RTD manufacturing on a silicon platform, photonic integration and packaging, as well as identifying appropriate communication methods and architectures to enable its deployment in 10 Gbps short-range wireless communication devices in short term and paving the way for 100 Gbps in long term for both the mm-wave and THz frequency bands, seamlessly integrated with optical fibre networks
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SME-2013-3 | Award Amount: 1.85M | Year: 2013
According to the WHO statistics, cancer causes around 7.6 million deaths worldwide each year. Deaths from cancer are projected to rise to 17 million in 2030. Changes in lifestyle and improved prevention and screening policies could prevent up to 40% of all cancer cases. On 2 December 2003 the Health Ministers of the European Union unanimously adopted a recommendation on cancer screening based on the developments and experience in the Europe Against Cancer program. The Recommendation of the Council of the European Union spells out fundamental principles of best practice in early detection of cancer and invites EU Member States to take common action to implement national cancer screening programs. Reports from the US state that Oral Cancer is the most expensive to treat. Most oral cancers require costly and disfiguring medical intervention, and even then the five-year survival rate is only 57%. There are 124.000 new cases diagnosed each year. This gives an additional cost to the medical health care system of 6.944B per year. Historically the death rate associated with this cancer is particularly high not because it is hard to discover or diagnose, but due to the cancer being routinely discovered late in its development. Today, there is still no comprehensive program to opportunistically screen for the disease, and without that; late stage discovery and high mortality rates are most likely to continue. In a previous Research for SMEs project: (EDOCAL), the SMEs 2M, CST and TG developed a preliminary test system for early cancer detection using state of the art telecom laser technology. This project finished on 31.12.2011 and the results achieved in were in line with the goals set put at the start of the project. Our objective in this project is to use the results of the research to build and validate the demonstrator in a clinical setting and subsequently to commercialise the first low cost screening tool for early detection of oral cancers.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Collaborative Research & Development | Award Amount: 273.91K | Year: 2013
A Hall effect sensor is a transducer that varies its output voltage in response to a magnetic field, used in a wide range of applications for proximity switching, positioning, speed detection, and current sensing. Typical Hall sensors are manufactured from silicon but are limited in terms of sensitivity and temperature operating range as a result of the fundamental material properties. This project brings together a consortium of SMEs (Advanced Hall Sensors, Compound Semiconductor Technologies), Manchester University and a UK global metrology player, Renishaw, in order to develop a new family of industrial measurement products based on a novel material as an alternative to Silicon. The new sensor concept uses compound semiconductor materials based on Gallium Arsenide which are engineered to use quantum effects for superior performance in real world, high-resolution metrology applications.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.3.2 | Award Amount: 4.78M | Year: 2013
Existing optical networks are driven by dynamic user demands but operate statically at their maximum performance and do not offer much adaptability. Thus the links are not energy-efficient. ADDAPT aims at the development and technology take-up of dynamic transceiver subsystems. By implementing performance and power adaptivity from system down to optical device, electrical circuit and transistor level, flexible energy-efficient optical transmission links are enabled which pave the way for massive reductions of CO2 emission and costs.Depending on the actual data load, the number of activated link paths and individual device parameters like bandwidth, clock rate, modulation format and gain are adapted to enable lowering the supply power. Several control types are investigated: cognitive adaption based on predetermined or time averaged loads and real-time adaption. Driven by control units including smart algorithms, the devices can be tuned from 8 to 56 Gb/s. Novel adaptive directly modulated lasers and photodetectors designed for near-field light coupling are developed to allow self-aligned low-cost waveguide assemblies with minimum optical power losses. Laser bandwidths beyond 30 GHz and power consumption can be traded off and controlled by driver circuits. Circuits such as amplifiers, drivers and clock data recoveries are designed in energy-efficient 32 nm CMOS and can be adjusted via current sources, dc/dc converters and switches. High-speed, low-loss packaging solutions using glass or ceramics are developed. An optical communication platform tailored for data centers is designed with 12 link paths and 10 m link distance for verification of speed adaption from 0.672 Tb/s to 8 Gb/s with power saving factors of up to 20.ADDAPT is market and standard driven and combines the complementary competences of 3 large companies, 3 SMEs and 2 universities including device manufacturers, suppliers of communication equipment and network operators from 7 EU/associated countries.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Feasibility Study | Award Amount: 87.14K | Year: 2015
Quantum technologies exploit the exotic properties of nature described by quantum mechanics to deliver devices with unprecedented speed, accuracy or completely new functionalities, which simply do not exist at present. Quantum cryptography is one such technology: communication whose security is guaranteed by fundamental laws of quantum mechanics. The implementation of quantum cryptography relies on the ability to generate single photons of light on demand. Several different physical systems have been used to generate single photons, but very few of them are suitable for commercial production. An ideal single photon source (SPS) should be fast, cheap, operate at room temperature, and emit photons at the wavelengths used in existing optical-fibre telecoms networks. A practical SPS is expected to be very like a type of semiconductor laser diode called a vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL). We will assess the feasibility of mass-producing low-cost SPSs by developing novel VCSEL devices whose active regions incorporate semiconductor nanostructures called self-assembled quantum rings.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: European | Award Amount: 172.51K | Year: 2013
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: European | Award Amount: 512.61K | Year: 2015
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