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This paper focuses on transmission characteristics of fundamental symmetric Lamb mode (So) at the junction of a main waveguide and sub-waveguides in composite laminates. Numerical simulations on transmission of So from the main to sub-waveguide revealed that transmission factors of the modes depend on stacking sequence of plies in the waveguides. Experiments were carried out to verify the observations made in numerical simulations. This work gives an insight on the transmission characteristics of So mode while it propagates from a healthy to a delaminated region in a composite laminate. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Ramadas C.,Composites Research Center
Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites | Year: 2014

When a Lamb wave propagates in a three dimensional (3D) domain, attenuation i.e. reduction in amplitude of the wave with distance of propagation is due to geometry and material. Experimental measurements of attenuation of a Lamb wave consist of both the effects of geometry and material as well. In the present work, a technique to estimate the attenuation due to material from combined attenuation (geometry and material) was proposed. The estimated material attenuation coefficient was then used in 3D numerical simulations of Lamb wave to capture the combined attenuation. The proposed technique was verified through numerical simulations followed by experimentally measured data on a composite laminate. Furthermore, the entire distance of propagation of a Lamb wave was classified into three regions based on attenuation characteristics. © 2014 The Author(s). Source

Singh R.K.,AIR INDIA | Chennamsetti R.,Composites Research Center
International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing | Year: 2014

Numerical and experimental studies carried out on the propagation of ultrasonic Lamb wave and its interaction with the front edge of a delamination in a cross-ply and unidirectional composite laminates are presented in this paper. When the fundamental antisymmetric Lamb mode (Ao) is incident at the leading (front) edge of a delamination, it undergoes reflection and transmission into the sub-laminates. Numerical simulations carried out on the interaction of the Ao mode with the edge of a semi-infinite delamination revealed that during this interaction, So mode is generated and propagate as AoSo (propagation of the So mode due to the incident Ao mode) mode in the top and bottom sub-laminates along with the incident Ao mode, which propagates as AoAo (propagation of the Ao mode due to the incident Ao mode) mode. Transmission factors and power transmission coefficients of AoAo and AoSo modes on an assortment of excitation frequencies - 150 kHz, 175 kHz, 200 kHz and 225 kHz, and thickness ratios were computed. Experimental validation of results arrived through numerical simulations, was also carried out employing air-coupled ultrasonic transducers. © 2014 Korean Society for Precision Engineering and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Chennamsetti R.,Composites Research Center
IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control | Year: 2013

Numerical simulations followed by experimental validations were carried out to study the interaction of the fundamental Lamb modes when incident at the front edge of a horizontal crack in a metallic plate. During the interaction, the incident fundamental Lamb mode underwent mode conversion and started propagating in the main and sub-waveguides along with the mode-converted Lamb mode. The amplitude of the mode-converted Lamb mode propagating in the main waveguide was negligible compared with that of the incident wave group. It was found that the amplitude of the transmitted Lamb modes from the main waveguide to the sub-waveguides is nearly the same as the incident wave group¿s amplitude; wave groups propagating in the thicker sub-waveguides are found to be carrying higher power than their counterparts in the thinner sub-waveguides. Furthermore, it was observed that variation in power coefficients and amplitude-based factors with respect to frequency of excitation were not very significant. Moreover, it was also shown that amplitude of the reflected wave groups in the main waveguide depends on phase velocities of Lamb modes in the main waveguide and sub-waveguides for a given thickness ratio. © 1986-2012 IEEE. Source

Ramadas C.,Composites Research Center | Hood A.,Composites Research Center | Khan I.,Composites Research Center | Balasubramaniam K.,Indian Institute of Technology Madras | Joshi M.,Composites Research Center
Ultrasonics | Year: 2013

Numerical simulations were carried out to quantify the reflection and transmission characteristics of the fundamental Lamb modes propagating in aluminium sub-plates, which are formed due to a semi-infinite horizontal crack. It was observed that, a Lamb mode propagating in a sub-plate when incident at the edge of a crack, undergoes reflection and transmits through the main plate, as well as the other sub-plate. The mode transmitted through the sub-plate has been termed the 'Turning Lamb Mode' (TLM). Furthermore, a mode converted mode also propagates along with the TLM. This mode has been termed the 'Mode Converted Turning Lamb Mode' (MCTLM). Reflection and transmission characteristics of the fundamental Lamb modes in aluminium sub-plates were studied at frequencies 150 kHz, 175 kHz, and 200 kHz. Experiments conducted to validate the observations made in numerical simulations, confirmed that the transmission and reflection characteristics depend on the thickness ratio. From this study it is surmised that when a Lamb mode propagates through a plate containing horizontal crack, the TLM and the MCTLM start propagating from one sub-plate to the other at the rear edge of the crack and amplitude of these modes depends on the location of the crack across the plate thickness. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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