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Abella V.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario runa SERGAS | Valladares M.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario runa SERGAS | Valladares M.,Medical Oncology Unit | Rodriguez T.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario runa SERGAS | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Gene expression is potently regulated through the action of microRNAs (miRNAs). Here, we present evidence of a miRNA regulating Hakai protein. Hakai was discovered as an E3 ubiquitin-ligase that mediates the posttranslational downregulation of E-cadherin, a major component of adherens junctions in epithelial cells and a potent tumour suppressor. Recent data have provided evidence that Hakai affects cell proliferation in an E-cadherin-independent manner, thus revealing a role for Hakai in the early stages of tumour progression. Furthermore, Hakai is highly up-regulated in human colon adenocarcinomas compared to normal tissues. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate Hakai abundance are unknown. We identified two putative sites of miR-203 interaction on the Hakai mRNA, in its 3′-untranslated region (UTR). In several human carcinoma cell lines tested, overexpression of a miR-203 precursor (Pre-miR-203) reduced Hakai abundance, while inhibiting miR-203 by using an antisense RNA (Anti-miR-203) elevated Hakai levels. The repressive influence of miR-203 on the Hakai 3′-UTR was confirmed using heterologous reporter constructs. In keeping with Hakai's proliferative influence, Anti-miR-203 significantly increased cell number and BrdU incorporation, while Pre-miR-203 reduced these parameters. Importantly, the growth-promoting effects of anti-miR-203 required the presence of Hakai, because downregulation of Hakai by siRNA suppressed its proliferative action. Finally, in situ hybridization showed that miR-203 expression is attenuated in colon tumour tissues compared to normal colon tissues, suggesting that miR-203 could be a potential new prognostic marker and therapeutic target to explore in colon cancer. In conclusion, our findings reveal, for the first time, a post-transcriptional regulator of Hakai expression. Furthermore, by lowering Hakai abundance, miR-203 also reduces Hakai-regulated-cell division. © 2012 Abella et al. Source


Lopez-Armada M.J.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario runa SERGAS | Riveiro-Naveira R.R.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario runa SERGAS | Vaamonde-Garcia C.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario runa SERGAS | Valcarcel-Ares M.N.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario runa SERGAS
Mitochondrion | Year: 2013

Inflammation has been linked to multiple degenerative and acute diseases as well as the aging process. Moreover, mitochondrial alterations play a central role in these processes. Mitochondria have an important role in pro-inflammatory signaling; similarly, pro-inflammatory mediators may also alter mitochondrial function. Both of these processes increase mitochondrial oxidative stress, promoting a vicious inflammatory cycle. Additionally, damage-associated molecular patterns derived from mitochondria could contribute to inflammasome formation and caspase-1 activation, while alterations in mitochondrial autophagy may cause inflammation. Strategies aimed at controlling excessive oxidative stress within mitochondria may represent both preventive and therapeutic interventions in inflammation. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. and Mitochondria Research Society. Source

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