Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo

Vigo, Spain

Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo

Vigo, Spain
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Poveda E.,Complejo Hospitalario Universitario | Crespo M.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo
AIDS reviews | Year: 2016

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) has allowed a long-term control of viral replication and HIV infection has been transformed into a chronic disease. However, ART is not able to eradicate the virus, and high levels of inflammation and immune-activation are observed despite prolonged ART. Consequently, a number of comorbidities, such as cardiovascular diseases and cancer, are gaining relevance in patients living with HIV. Moreover, the toxicities associated with continued exposure to ART cause several metabolic disturbances with clinical relevance, and the cost of treatment is a heavy burden for the national health systems. In this scenario, new therapeutic strategies aiming at viral eradication are being actively pursued.

Tilve A.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Mallo R.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Perez A.,Complexo Hospitalario Universtario Of Vigo | Santiago P.,Complexo Hospitalario Universtario Of Vigo
Journal of Clinical Ultrasound | Year: 2012

Hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors that are rare in the breast. A high percentage of hemangiomas are diagnosed incidentally during imaging examinations. They have mammographic, sonographic, and pathologic characteristics that allow radiologists and pathologists to diagnose them. We present four different cases of breast hemangiomas showing their mammographic and sonographic features. Two were diagnosed with an 18-gauge core needle biopsy and they underwent surgical excision. The other two cases were diagnosed with a 14-gauge core needle biopsy and their radiologic and pathologic appearances were concordant with breast hemangiomas, so they did not need surgical excision and are being followed. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Lopez-A Lvarez S.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario | Mayo-Moldes M.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Zaballos M.,Hospital Universitario Gregorio Maranon | Zaballos M.,Complutense University of Madrid | And 2 more authors.
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia | Year: 2012

Purpose Controversy surrounds the optimal technique to moderate pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Opioid analgesics, sympatholytic drugs, and adjuvants, such as ketamine, have all been used. We compared esmolol with a combination of remifentanil plus ketamine in patients undergoing LC to determine the impact of these drugs on morphine requirements and pain control. Methods Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II patients undergoing LC and anesthetized with sevoflurane were randomized to one of two groups. Group E patients received a bolus of esmolol 0.5 mgμkg -1 iv at induction followed by an infusion of 5-15 lgμkg -1 min -1, and Group R-K patients received a bolus of ketamine 0.5 mgμkg -1 iv and remifentanil 0.5 lgμkg -1 iv at induction followed by a remifentanil infusion titrated over a range of 0.1-0.5 lgμkg -1 min -1. All patients received paracetamol, dexketoprofen, and levobupivacaine via infiltration of laparoscopic port sites. After surgery, a predetermined bolus of morphine was administered according to a verbal numerical rating scale (VNRS) for pain intensity. The primary outcome of interest was postoperative morphine requirement. Results Median consumption of morphine was higher in Group R-K than in Group E (5 mg [4-6] vs 0 mg [0-2], respectively; P<0.001). In the postanesthesia care unit, patients in Group R-K had higher pain scores than patients in Group E (difference in maximum VNRS, -11; 95% confidence interval (CI), -19 to -3). The concentration of sevoflurane to maintain a bispectral index40 was higher in Group E than in Group R-K (between-group difference 0.3%; 95% CI, 0.15 to 0.40). The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting was similar between the two groups. Conclusion Intraoperative esmolol infusion reduces morphine requirements and provides more effective analgesia compared with a combination of remifentanil-ketamine given by infusion in patients undergoing LC.© 2012 Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society.

Spuch C.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Navarro C.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo
Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Drug Discovery | Year: 2010

The central nervous system (CNS) barriers are composed of blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (B-CSFB). The BBB and B-CSFB are a highly specialized brain endothelial and epithelial structure of the fully differentiated neurovascular system. These barriers separate components of the circulating blood from neurons. Moreover, the BBB and B-CSFB maintain the chemical composition of the neuronal milieu, which is required for the proper functioning of neuronal circuits, synaptic transmission, synaptic remodelling, angiogenesis, and neurogenesis in the adult brain. Hematoencephalic barrier breakdown, due to disruption of the tight junctions, alters transport of molecules between blood and brain and vice versa, causes an aberrant angiogenesis, vessel regression, and inflammatory responses. Megalin is a multi-ligand endocytic receptor expressed in the choroid plexus epithelium and in the brain-endothelial cells, playing a central role in the clearance/entrance of many proteins from the brain or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Megalin cooperates with various membrane molecules and interacts with many adaptor proteins for endocytic trafficking. It has already been implicated in amyloid-clearance and amyloidosis through the BBB and B-CSFB. Also, it is a promiscuous receptor involved in the endocytic uptake of many ligands, including many of the known carriers of amyloid-, insulin, IGF-I, leptin, transthyretin, transferrin, ApoE and others. The knowledge of B-CSFB and its transporters in healthy and pathological situations supports the development of new therapeutic approaches for chronic diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, brain cancer, diabetes and others. This article outlines recent patents on artificial carriers for transport of substances across of the CNS barriers, different models for the drug delivery research and future therapies for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. © 2010 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.

Botana-Rial M.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Leiro-Fernandez V.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Represas-Represas C.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Gonzalez-Pineiro A.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | And 2 more authors.
Respiratory Care | Year: 2013

Background: Closed pleural biopsy (CPB) in patients with malignant pleural effusion is less sensitive than cytology. Ultrasound-assisted CPB allows biopsies to be performed in the lower thoracic parietal pleura, where secondary spread from pleural metastases is initially more likely to be found. We analyzed whether choosing the point of entry for CPB with thoracic ultrasound assistance influences the diagnostic yield in malignant pleural effusion. Methods: This prospective study included patients who underwent CPB performed by an experienced pulmonologist in 2008-2010 (group A) and thoracic ultrasound was used to select the biopsy site. The results were compared with a historical series of CPB performed by the same pulmonologist without the assistance of thoracic ultrasound (group B). An Abrams needle was used in all cases. We analyzed the obtaining of pleural tissue and the diagnostic yield. Results: We included 114 CPBs from group A (23% tuberculous pleural effusion, 27% malignant pleural effusion) and 67 CPBs from group B (24% tuberculous pleural effusion, 30% malignant pleural effusion) (P =.70). Pleural tissue was obtained in 96.5% of the group A CPBs and 89.6% of the group B CPBs (P =.05). The diagnostic yields of CPB for tuberculous pleural effusion and malignant pleural effusion in group A were 89.5% and 77.4%, respectively, and 91.7% and 60%, respectively, in group B (P =.80 for tuberculous pleural effusion, and P =.18 for malignant pleural effusion). Conclusions: Selecting the point of entry for CPB using thoracic ultrasound increases the likelihood of obtaining pleural tissue and the diagnostic yield, but without statistical significance. We recommend ultrasound-assisted CPB to investigate pleural effusion, since the diagnostic yield of a pleural biopsy with an Abrams needle increased by > 17% in subjects with malignant pleural effusion. © 2013 Daedalus Enterprises.

Bernardino J.I.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Pulido F.,Hospital Universitario 12 Of Octubre I12 | Martinez E.,University of Barcelona | Arrizabalaga J.,Hospital Donostia | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy | Year: 2013

Discontinuation of thymidine nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (tNRTIs) is the only proven strategy for improving lipoatrophy. It is unclear whether switching to NRTI-sparing or to non-thymidine NRTIcontaining therapy has differential effects on body fat recovery. Methods: This was a 96 week, open-label, randomized study in suppressed patients with moderate/severe lipoatrophy and no prior virological failure while receiving a protease inhibitor and who had their triple NRTI regimen (zidovudine/lamivudine/abacavir) switched to lopinavir/ritonavir plus abacavir/lamivudine for a 1 month run-in period and then randomized to lopinavir/ritonavir plus abacavir/lamivudine versus lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy. The KRETA trial is registered with (number NCT00865007). Results: Of 95 patients included, 88 were randomized to lopinavir/ritonavir plus abacavir/lamivudine (n=44) or lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy (n=44). Median (IQR) baseline limb fat was 2.5 (1.6-3.7) kg in the lopinavir/ ritonavir plus abacavir/lamivudine group and 2.5 (2.0-5.4) kg in the lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy group. Six patients in the triple therapy group and 13 in the monotherapy group had discontinued study drugs by week 96. Although there were limb fat gains in each group at weeks 48/96 (+324/+358 g in lopinavir/ritonavir plus abacavir/lamivudine, P=0.09/0.07, versus +215/+416 g in the lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy group, P=0.28/0.16), differences between groups were not significant [difference +109 g (95% CI 2442, +660)/257 g (95% CI 2740, +625)]. Conclusions: In lipoatrophic patients treated with zidovudine/lamivudine/abacavir, switching to lopinavir/ ritonavir monotherapy had no additional benefit in limb fat recovery relative to switching to lopinavir/ritonavir with abacavir/lamivudine. These data suggest that non-thymidine nucleosides such as abacavir/lamivudine are not an obstacle to limb fat recovery. ©The Author 2013.

Midaglia L.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Rodriguez Ruiz M.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Munoz-Garcia D.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo
Multiple Sclerosis Journal | Year: 2012

The safety profile of natalizumab has been widely discussed due to several cases of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, reported worldwide. Since the launch of natalizumab, 32 patients have been treated at our centre. In this context, we describe two cases (6.25%), one of immune-mediated acute haemolytic anaemia (IAHA) and another of immune thrombocytopenic purpura during treatment with natalizumab. The temporal relationship between drug administration and the nature of the haematological complications, confirmed with the serological findings in the case of the IAHA, suggests that natalizumab is the most probable cause for these adverse events. Although very uncommon, the haematological complications are severe enough to justify a close and careful monitoring for all patients with multiple sclerosis treated with an immunosuppressant treatment. © The Author(s) 2012.

Ortolano S.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Spuch C.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Navarro C.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo
Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Drug Discovery | Year: 2012

During the last 20 years, transgenic constructs based on Adeno Asociated Virus (AAV) have been tested in disease models and proved their efficacy to revert a wide range of pathologies without major side effects. Based on these results, up to 20 clinical trials have been set up to prove therapeutic effect of AAV vectors on neurodegenerative diseases, retinopathies and neuromuscular diseases, among others. It has been shown that AAV vectors support localized long-term, gene expression in the central nervous system, and that restoration of visual function can be achieved in Leber's congenital amaurosis retinopathy. The clinical trials also highlighted new challenges for AAV mediated gene transfer, such as the circumvention of T-cell response to transduced cells. Currently, miniaturized and codon-optimized transgenes, exon skipping cassettes, novel tissue-specific promoters and vector chimeras with tissue-selective tropism are being tested to improve the efficiency and safety of transgene delivery, as required to meet pharmaceutical industry standards. The aim of this review is to revise the latest patents and news on AAV vectors, in order to summarize the state of the art and the potential issues that still need to be faced by pharmaceutical companies for successful gene transfer and commercialization of AAV-based drugs. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers.

Seoane Cruz I.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Penin alvarez M.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Luna Cano R.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Garcia-Mayor R.V.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo
Endocrinologia y Nutricion | Year: 2012

Background: Hypothyroidism is usually treated with thyroxine doses on patient weight. In some cases, however, fixed doses have proved to useful to normalize TSH levels, which is especially important during pregnancy. Patients and methods: Sixty-eight women diagnosed with subclinical hypothyroidism, autoimmune or not, during pregnancy were given a fixed dose of thyroxine 50 mcg/day. TSH measurements were performed to assess the need to change the dose, which was increased or decreased by 25 mcg/day when necessary. Results: With a dose of 50 mcg/day of thyroxine, 42% of patients reached a TSH level less than 3. μU/mL, 79.4% reached a TSH level less than 4.5. μU/mL, and 20.6% had TSH levels higher than 4.5. μU/mL. Discussion: Our data suggest that a fixed dose of thyroxine 50 mcg/day is inadequate in a significant proportion of pregnancy-diagnosed hypothyroidism regardless of whether the reference of TSH level used is 4.5 or 3. μU/mL. S starting dose of 75 mcg/day is probably more adequate, but studies are needed to evaluate the possibility of overtreatment with such dose. © 2011 SEEN.

Barros-Tizon J.C.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Torres M.L.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Vigo | Blanco I.,Hospital Valle del Nalon | Martinez M.T.,Hospital Universitario Doce Of Octubre
Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease | Year: 2012

Objective: Severe exacerbations in alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT)-deficient patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and/or emphysema are a major cause of hospitalization. A multicentre, observational, retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of continuous AAT augmentation therapy in reducing the incidence of exacerbations in these patients.Methods: Patients treated with Trypsone® or Prolastin® for at least 18 months were recruited if their medical records for 18 months before starting augmentation therapy were available. The number of mild and severe exacerbations in the two periods was compared and hospitalization-related costs were analysed.Results: A total of 127 patients were recruited; 75 of them experienced at least one exacerbation in the period prior to augmentation. In the treatment period, the mean number of exacerbations per patient was reduced in both the total population and the population with exacerbations (mean ± SD: 1.2 ± 1.6 versus 1.0 ± 2.2 and 2.0 ± 1.6 versus 1.4 ± 2.7, respectively; p < 0.01). The percentage of patients experiencing exacerbations was reduced in the total population (59.1% versus 44.1%; p < 0.05). In the patient subgroup of the total population who experienced a change in their number of exacerbations between the two periods, 43.7% had a reduction and 21.4% had an increase (p < 0.01). The number of severe exacerbations diminished in 42.9% of this subgroup and increased in 12.0% (p < 0.001). Most adverse events were nonserious or not related to treatment. Hospitalization costs savings per patient associated with treatment ranged from approximately €400 to €900 (p < 0.05).Conclusions: Augmentation therapy with AAT concentrates was associated with a reduction in the incidence and severity of exacerbations in AAT-deficient patients, which resulted in lower hospitalization expenditures. © The Author(s), 2012.

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