Biscetti F.,melli University Hospital |
Straface G.,University of Rome La Sapienza |
Giovannini S.,melli University Hospital |
Santoliquido A.,Complesso Integrato Columbus |
And 5 more authors.
Human Genetics | Year: 2013
Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a secretory glycoprotein that belongs to the tumor necrosis factor receptor family and plays a role in atherosclerosis. The present study aimed to evaluate whether OPG gene (TNFRSF11B) polymorphisms are involved in ischemic stroke in an Italian population with diabetes. Participants in a retrospective case-control study included 364 diabetic patients (180 males, 184 females) with history of ischemic stroke and 492 diabetic subjects without history of ischemic stroke (252 males, 240 females). The T245G, T950C, and G1181C polymorphisms of the OPG gene were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism. We found that the T245G, T950C, and G1181C gene polymorphisms of the OPG gene were significantly (34.1 vs. 9.5 %, P < 0.0001; 30.8 vs. 6.3 %, P < 0.0001 and 26.4 vs. 11.6 % P < 0.0001, respectively) and independently (adjusted OR 5.15 [3.46-7.68], OR 6.63 [4.26-10.31], and OR 3.03 [2.04-4.50], respectively) associated with history of ischemic stroke. We also found that these three polymorphisms act synergistically in patients with stroke history. The TNFRSF11B gene polymorphisms studied are associated with history of ischemic stroke and synergistic effects between these genotypes might be potential markers for cerebrovascular disorders. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.
PubMed | S. Orsola Malpighi University Hospital, Columbus University, Morgagni Pierantoni Hospital, Complesso Integrato Columbus and 4 more.
Type: | Journal: BioMed research international | Year: 2015
The gold standard for the diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is polysomnography, whose access is however reduced by costs and limited availability, so that additional diagnostic tests are needed.To analyze the diagnostic accuracy of the Obstructive Airway Adult Test (OAAT) compared to polysomnography for the diagnosis of OSA in adult patients.Ninety patients affected by OSA verified with polysomnography (AHI 5) and ten healthy patients, randomly selected, were included and all were interviewed by one blind examiner with OAAT questions.The Spearman rho, evaluated to measure the correlation between OAAT and polysomnography, was 0.72 (p < 0.01). The area under the ROC curve (95% CI) was the parameter to evaluate the accuracy of the OAAT: it was 0.91 (0.81-1.00) for the diagnosis of OSA (AHI 5), 0.90 (0.82-0.98) for moderate OSA (AHI 15), and 0.84 (0.76-0.92) for severe OSA (AHI 30).The OAAT has shown a high correlation with polysomnography and also a high diagnostic accuracy for the diagnosis of OSA. It has also been shown to be able to discriminate among the different degrees of severity of OSA. Additional large studies aiming to validate this questionnaire as a screening or diagnostic test are needed.
Lallas A.,Skin Cancer Unit |
Kyrgidis A.,Skin Cancer Unit |
Koga H.,Shinshu University |
Moscarella E.,Skin Cancer Unit |
And 14 more authors.
British Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2015
Background The parallel ridge pattern (PRP) is considered the dermoscopic hallmark of acral melanoma (AM). However, it was recently shown that approximately one-third of AMs do not display a PRP dermoscopically, rendering their detection more troublesome. Objectives To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of dermoscopic criteria for the diagnosis of AM. Methods Dermoscopic images of consecutive cases of histopathologically diagnosed AMs and acral naevi with histopathological diagnosis or with at least 1 year of follow-up were evaluated by three independent investigators for the presence of predefined criteria. Crude and adjusted odds ratios and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals were calculated by univariate and multivariate logistic regression, respectively. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to choose among competing classification schemes. Results In total 603 lesions (472 naevi and 131 AMs) were included in the study. A scoring system (named BRAAFF) composed of six variables was associated with optimal area under the curve and sensitivity for the diagnosis of AM. This method includes four positive (irregular blotches, ridge pattern, asymmetry of structures and asymmetry of colours) and two negative predictors (furrow pattern and fibrillar pattern). Conclusions The BRAAFF checklist significantly improves the diagnostic accuracy of dermoscopy for the diagnosis of AM. © 2015 British Association of Dermatologists.
Grassi D.,Health Science University |
Pontremoli R.,University of Genoa |
Bocale R.,Complesso Integrato Columbus |
Ferri C.,Health Science University |
Desideri G.,Health Science University
High Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Prevention | Year: 2014
Gout is currently one of the most common causes of inflammatory arthritis in most industrialised countries. Apart from its high frequency, gout is associated with disability, poor quality of life and increased mortality and therefore represents an ever increasing public health concern. Substantial experimental and epidemiological evidence exists supporting the link between elevated levels of serum uric acid and several comorbidities including cardiovascular and kidney diseases. The cornerstone of effective gout management is long-term serum urate lowering below saturation concentrations (<6 mg/dL or <360 μmol/L) in order to promote crystal dissolution and prevent monosodium urate crystals formation. The management of gout includes not only pharmacological approaches, but also a number of nonpharmacologic interventions aiming at lessening attack risk, lowering uric acid levels and promoting general health while preventing the development of comorbidities. It is of great address whether urate lowering strategies can also lower cardiovascular risk and some preliminary studies in both animal and human subjects suggest that they might. Patient education and appropriate lifestyle advice are core aspects of management of hyperuricemia and gout. The two xanthine oxidase inhibitors currently available are effective as long-term urate lowering therapy although the greater efficacy and good tolerability of febuxostat as urate lowering agent has to be adequately considered especially when the reduction of serum uric acid levels to achieve the target is particularly ambitious and/or the presence of comorbidities increases the risk of adverse effects. Associated comorbidities and cardiovascular risk factors should be also addressed as an important part of the management of chronic hyperuricemia and gout. © 2014, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
Suppa M.,University of L'Aquila |
Suppa M.,Free University of Colombia |
Micantonio T.,University of L'Aquila |
Di Stefani A.,Complesso Integrato Columbus |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology | Year: 2015
Background Correctly diagnosing basal cell carcinoma (BCC) clinical type is crucial for the therapeutic management. A systematic description of the variability of all reported BCC dermoscopic features according to clinical type and anatomic location is lacking. Objectives To describe the dermoscopic variability of BCC according to clinical type and anatomic location and to test the hypothesis of a clinical/dermoscopic continuum across superficial BCCs (sBCCs) with increasing palpability. Methods Clinical/dermoscopic images of nodular BCCs (nBCCs) and sBCCs with different degrees of palpability were retrospectively evaluated for the presence of dermoscopic criteria including degree of pigmentation, BCC-associated patterns, diverse vascular patterns, melanocytic patterns and polarized light patterns. Results We examined 501 histopathologically proven BCCs (66.9% sBCCs; 33.1% nBCCs), mainly located on trunk (46.7%; mostly sBCCs) and face (30.5%; mostly nBCCs). Short fine telangiectasias, leaf-like areas, spoke-wheel areas, small erosions and concentric structures were significantly associated with sBCC, whereas arborizing telangiectasias, blue-white veil-like structures, white shiny areas and rainbow pattern with nBCCs. Short fine telangiectasia, spoke-wheel areas and small erosions were independently associated with trunk location, whereas arborizing telangiectasias with facial location. Scalp BCCs had significantly more pigmentation and melanocytic criteria than BCCs located elsewhere. Multiple clinical/dermoscopic parameters displayed a significant linear trend across increasingly palpable sBCCs. Conclusions Particular dermoscopic criteria are independently associated with clinical type and anatomic location of BCC. Heavily pigmented, scalp BCCs are the most challenging to diagnose. A clinical/dermoscopic continuum across increasingly palpable sBCCs was detected and could be potentially important for the non-surgical management of the disease. © 2015 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.
Mastroiacovo D.,SS Filippo e Nicola Hospital |
Kwik-Uribe C.,Mars Inc. |
Grassi D.,University of L'Aquila |
Necozione S.,University of L'Aquila |
And 9 more authors.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2015
Background: Recent evidence has indicated that flavanol consumption may have many health benefits in humans, including improved cognitive activities. Objective: The aim was to evaluate the effect of flavanol consumption on cognitive performance in cognitively intact elderly subjects. Design: This was a double-blind, controlled, parallel-arm study conducted in 90 elderly individuals without clinical evidence of cognitive dysfunction who were randomly assigned to consume daily for 8 wk a drink containing 993 mg [high flavanol (HF)], 520 mg [intermediate flavanol (IF)], or 48 mg [low flavanol (LF)] cocoa flavanols (CFs). Cognitive function was assessed at baseline and after 8 wk by using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Trail Making Test (TMT) A and B, and the Verbal Fluency Test (VFT). Results: The changes in MMSE score in response to the 3 different treatments were not different. In contrast, there was a positive impact of the intervention on specific aspects of cognitive function. Mean changes (6SEs) in the time required to complete the TMT A and B after consumption of the HF (-8.6 ± 0.4 and -16.5 ± 0.8 s, respectively) and IF (-6.7 ± 0.5 and -14.2 ± 0.5 s, respectively) drinks significantly (P < 0.0001) differed from that after consumption of the LF drinks (-0.8 ± 1.6 and -1.1 ± 0.7 s, respectively). Similarly, VFT scores significantly improved among all treatment groups, but the magnitude of improvement in the VFT score was significantly (P < 0.0001) greater in the HF group (7.7 ± 1.1 words/60 s) than in the IF (3.6 ± 1.2 words/60 s) and LF (1.3 ± 0.5 words/60 s) groups. Significantly different improvements in insulin resistance (P < 0.0001), blood pressure (P < 0.0001), and lipid peroxidation (P = 0.001) were also observed for the HF and IF groups in comparison with the LF group. Changes in insulin resistance explained w17% of changes in composite z score (partial r2 = 0.1703, P < 0.0001). Conclusions: This dietary intervention study provides evidence that regular CF consumption can reduce some measures of age-related cognitive dysfunction, possibly through an improvement in insulin sensitivity. These data suggest that the habitual intake of flavanols can support healthy cognitive function with age. © 2015 American Society for Nutrition.
Lotrionte M.,Complesso Integrato Columbus |
Cavarretta E.,University of Rome La Sapienza |
Abbate A.,Virginia Commonwealth University |
Mezzaroma E.,Virginia Commonwealth University |
And 6 more authors.
American Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2013
Anthracyclines are established cardiotoxic agents; however, the exact extent and time course of such cardiotoxicity has not been appraised in detail. We aimed to exploit serial measurements of standard and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) echocardiographic parameters collected in a prospective clinical trial to clarify the outlook of cardiac function during and long after anthracycline chemotherapy. Women enrolled in a randomized trial focusing on liposomal doxorubicin-based chemotherapy for breast cancer and providing ≥4 separate echocardiographic assessments were included. Repeat-measure nonparametric analyses were used to appraise changes over time in the standard and tissue Doppler imaging echocardiographic parameters. A total of 39 patients with serial imaging evaluations were enrolled. Significant temporal changes were found for the left ventricular ejection fraction and diastolic parameters, despite different temporal trends. Specifically, the left ventricular ejection fraction exhibited a V-shaped trend, decreasing initially from 63% to 61% but then recovering to 64% (p <0.001), with a similar trend in the TDI E/Em ratio (p = 0.011). In contrast, persistent impairments typical of an L-shaped trend were found for the E wave (p = 0.006), TDI lateral Em wave (p = 0.001), and TDI septal Em wave (p = 0.001). In conclusion, subclinical temporal changes in the standard and TDI echocardiographic parameters after anthracycline chemotherapy showed a distinctive pattern of transient impairment followed by full recovery of the left ventricular ejection fraction versus a persistent impairment of the diastolic parameters, which must be taken into account in the everyday treatment of such patients. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
De Luca G.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart |
Bosello S.L.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart |
Gabrielli F.A.,Complesso Integrato Columbus |
Berardi G.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart |
And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016
Background: Arrhythmias are frequent in Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) and portend a bad prognosis, accounting alone for 6% of total deaths. Many of these patients die suddenly, thus prevention and intensified risk-stratification represent unmet medical needs. The major goal of this study was the definition of ECG indexes of poor prognosis. Methods: We performed a prospective cohort study to define the role of 24h-ECG-Holter as an additional risk-stratification technique in the identification of SSc-patients at high risk of lifethreatening arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD). One-hundred SSc-patients with symptoms and/or signs suggestive of cardiac involvement underwent 24h-ECG-Holter. The primary end-point was a composite of SCD or need for implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Results: Fifty-six patients (56%) had 24h-ECG-Holter abnormalities and 24(24%) presented frequent ventricular ectopic beats (VEBs). The number of VEBs correlated with high-sensitive cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) levels and inversely correlated with left-ventricular ejection fraction (LV-EF) on echocardiography. During a mean follow-up of 23.1±16.0 months, 5 patients died suddenly and two required ICD-implantation. The 7 patients who met the composite end-point had a higher number of VEBs, higher levels of hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP and lower LV-EF (p = 0.001 for all correlations). All these 7 patients had frequent VEBs, while LV-EF was not reduced in all and its range was wide. At ROC curve, VEBs>1190/24h showed 100% of sensitivity and 83% of specificity to predict the primary end-point (AUROC = 0.92,p<0.0001). Patients with VEBS>1190/24h had lower LV-EF and higher hs-cTnT levels and, at multivariate analysis, the presence of increased hs-cTnT and of right bundle branch block on ECG emerged as independent predictors of VEBs>1190/24h. None of demographic or disease-related characteristics emerged as predictors of poor outcome. Conclusions: VEBS>1190/24h identify patients at high risk of life-threatening arrhythmic complications. Thus, 24h-ECG-Holter should be considered a useful additional risk-stratification test to select SSc-patients at high-risk of SCD, in whom an ICD-implantation could represent a potential life-saving intervention. © 2016 De Luca et al.This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
PubMed | Catholic University of the Sacred Heart and Complesso Integrato Columbus
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2016
Arrhythmias are frequent in Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) and portend a bad prognosis, accounting alone for 6% of total deaths. Many of these patients die suddenly, thus prevention and intensified risk-stratification represent unmet medical needs. The major goal of this study was the definition of ECG indexes of poor prognosis.We performed a prospective cohort study to define the role of 24h-ECG-Holter as an additional risk-stratification technique in the identification of SSc-patients at high risk of life-threatening arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD). One-hundred SSc-patients with symptoms and/or signs suggestive of cardiac involvement underwent 24h-ECG-Holter. The primary end-point was a composite of SCD or need for implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD).Fifty-six patients (56%) had 24h-ECG-Holter abnormalities and 24(24%) presented frequent ventricular ectopic beats (VEBs). The number of VEBs correlated with high-sensitive cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) levels and inversely correlated with left-ventricular ejection fraction (LV-EF) on echocardiography. During a mean follow-up of 23.116.0 months, 5 patients died suddenly and two required ICD-implantation. The 7 patients who met the composite end-point had a higher number of VEBs, higher levels of hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP and lower LV-EF (p = 0.001 for all correlations). All these 7 patients had frequent VEBs, while LV-EF was not reduced in all and its range was wide. At ROC curve, VEBs>1190/24h showed 100% of sensitivity and 83% of specificity to predict the primary end-point (AUROC = 0.92,p<0.0001). Patients with VEBS>1190/24h had lower LV-EF and higher hs-cTnT levels and, at multivariate analysis, the presence of increased hs-cTnT and of right bundle branch block on ECG emerged as independent predictors of VEBs>1190/24h. None of demographic or disease-related characteristics emerged as predictors of poor outcome.VEBS>1190/24h identify patients at high risk of life-threatening arrhythmic complications. Thus, 24h-ECG-Holter should be considered a useful additional risk-stratification test to select SSc-patients at high-risk of SCD, in whom an ICD-implantation could represent a potential life-saving intervention.