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Fernandez Sueiro J.L.,Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Of runa | Lema Gontad J.M.,Fundacion Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Of runa
Reumatologia Clinica | Year: 2012

Peripheral psoriatic arthritis is an inflammatory and progressive disease; its burden, either at the structural level or the function and quality of life, is similar to other chronic poliarthritidies. In spite of treatment with synthetic or biologic DMARDs, remission is only achieved in about 30% of the patients. From a clinical point of view, persistent joint activity (tender and swollen joints) is a factor leading to joint damage progression. These data indicate the need for a tight follow up and treatment of the patients. © 2011 Elsevier España, S.L.. Source

Alexiev B.A.,University of Maryland, Baltimore | Randhawa P.,University of Pittsburgh | Vazquez Martul E.,Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Of runa | Zeng G.,University of Pittsburgh | And 4 more authors.
Human Pathology | Year: 2013

Despite strong experimental evidence, BK polyomavirus involvement in human cancers has been controversial. We report 2 cases of kidney ± pancreas transplant recipients with evidence of BK polyomavirus reactivation, who developed aggressive urinary bladder urothelial carcinomas with adenocarcinomatous and/or micropapillary differentiation. Diffuse strong nuclear positivity for viral T antigen, p53, Ki-67, and p16 was observed in both malignancies. The BK polyomavirus role in promoting urothelial neoplasia in transplant recipients may be partly indirect, based on the demonstration by polymerase chain reaction in both tumors of BK polyomavirus with intact open reading frames and close phylogenetic clustering with known replication- competent strains, and viral capsid protein VP1 messenger RNA and intranuclear virions by electron microscopy in 1 tumor. No unique cancer-associated mutations were found, but some viral T antigen mutations were potentially associated with increased rate of viral replication and risk for "rare" carcinogenic events. The BK polyomavirus-induced profound effects on cell activation, cell cycle shift to proliferation, and apoptosis inhibition, in the context of marked immunosuppression, constitute a potentially ideal background for malignant transformation. The long time lapse between transplantation and tumor manifestation, 7 and 11 years, respectively, further supports the concept of multistep carcinogenesis cascade and long-term risk for these patients. We propose a model of changes ranging from viral reactivation to dysplasia to invasive carcinoma. Clinical vigilance is warranted for early diagnosis of BK polyomavirus-related urothelial malignancies in transplant recipients. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Marcos P.J.,Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Of runa
Hospital practice (1995) | Year: 2013

Team-focused intervention to improve the care of low-risk patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a matter of controversy. Our aim was to determine if a community-acquired pneumonia team (CAPT) would shorten hospital length of stay (LOS) and improve health care utilization in low-risk patients with CAP compared with management by a general pulmonary team (GPT). We performed a prospective cohort study of hospitalized, low-risk patients with CAP (Pneumonia Severity Index [PSI] score class I or II) at a single tertiary hospital from June 2007 to June 2008. Study patients were stratified to management by the CAPT treating group (n = 35), following the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and American Thoracic Society (ATS) CAP guideline recommendations, or to management by the GPT (n = 30) following the standard of care. Primary outcome measure for comparison of the efficacy of the 2 different team-focused interventions was hospital LOS for patients with CAP. Secondary study outcome measures included patient 30- and 90-day all-cause readmission rate, rate of mortality at 30 and 90 days, antibiotic-treatment duration, time to switch patient from intravenous (IV) to oral antibiotic treatment, and time to achieve clinical stability for patients. Hospitalized, low-risk patients with CAP, who were assisted by a CAPT were more likely to have a shorter hospital stay (9 days less; P < 0.001), shorter time to switch from IV to oral antibiotic therapy (8 days less; P <0.001), and total shorter duration of antibiotic treatment (6 days less; P <0.001), when compared with low-risk patients with CAP who were assisted by a GPT. In addition, for both groups of assisted patients, there were no differences in the time to achieve clinical stability, use of guideline-concordant antibiotic therapy, rate of mortality, or rate of readmissions at 30 and 90 days. Management by a dedicated CAPT reduced patient hospital LOS, time to switch from IV to oral antibiotic therapy, and duration of antibiotic treatment, without causing adverse events, compared with standard of care, in low-risk patients with CAP. Source

Gomez-Rios M.A.,Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Of runa | Paech M.J.,University of Western Australia
Revista Espanola de Anestesiologia y Reanimacion | Year: 2015

Transversus abdominis plane block has become an important method of postoperative pain management for patients undergoing abdominal surgery but the modest duration is a major limitation. We report the successful use of a novel TAP catheter technique for continuous infusion of levobupivacaine in six gynecologic and obstetric patients. Bilateral TAP catheters were inserted at the end of surgery by ultrasound imaging using a Contiplex® C needle (B. Braun, Melsungen, Germany) in the Triangle of Petit or in a postero-subcostal level based on the location of the surgical incision. Following negative aspiration, 0.25% levobupivacaine 5mL was injected. After withdrawing the needle, while holding the over-the-needle catheter in place, bilateral continuous infusion of 0.125% levobupivacaine at 2mL/h from elastomeric pumps (INfusor SV2, Baxter, France) was started and continued for up to 50h. Before removal of the catheter, a bolus of 10mL levobupivacaine 0.25% was administered.Successful analgesia was achieved in all six cases utilizing continuous infusión of levobupivacaine, minimizing the volume required. TAP infusions produce significant opioid sparing and better patient mobility. This technique may be a reliable alternative to neuraxial analgesia in major gynecological and obstetrical surgery. © 2014 Sociedad Española de Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor. Source

Frasson M.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Flor-Lorente B.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Rodriguez J.L.R.,Hospital Universitario Of Getafe | Granero-Castro P.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | And 5 more authors.
Annals of Surgery | Year: 2015

Objective: To determine pre-/intraoperative risk factors for anastomotic leak after colon resection for cancer and to create a practical instrument for predicting anastomotic leak risk. Background: Anastomotic leak is still the most dreaded complication in colorectal surgery. Many risk factors have been identified to date, but multicentric prospective studies on anastomotic leak after colon resection are lacking. Methods: Fifty-two hospitals participated in this prospective, observational study. Data of 3193 patients, operated for colon cancer with primary anastomosis without stoma, were included in a prospective online database (September 2011-September 2012). Forty-two pre-/intraoperative variables, related to patient, tumor, surgical procedure, and hospital, were analyzed as potential independent risk factors for anastomotic leak (60-day follow-up). A nomogram was created to easily predict the risk of anastomotic leak for a given patient. Results: The anastomotic leak rate was 8.7%, and widely varied between hospitals (variance of 0.24 on the logit scale). Anastomotic leak significantly increased mortality (15.2% vs 1.9% in patients without anastomotic leak, P < 0.0001) and length of hospitalization (median 23 vs 7 days in uncomplicated patients, P < 0.0001). In the multivariate analysis, the following variables were independent risk factors for anastomotic leak: obesity [P = 0.003, odds ratio (OR) = 2.7], preoperative serum total proteins (P = 0.03, OR = 0.7 per g/dL), male sex (P = 0.03, OR = 1.6), ongoing anticoagulant treatment (P = 0.05, OR = 1.8), intraoperative complication (P = 0.03, OR = 2.2), and number of hospital beds (P = 0.04, OR = 0.95 per 100 beds). Conclusions: Anastomotic leak after colon resection for cancer is a frequent, relevant complication. Patients, surgical technique, and hospital are all important determining factors of anastomotic leak risk. © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. Source

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