Tongkul F.,Universiti Malaysia Sabah |
Lasimbang C.,Community Organizing Trainer |
Lasimbang A.,Community Organizing Trainer |
Chin P.,Natural Resource Management Program Coordinator
Unasylva | Year: 2013
Traditional management practices have contributed enormously to the world's natural and cultural heritage by creating and maintaining landscapes that sustain the production of multiple goods and services and therefore livelihoods. Traditional forest knowledge is based on long historical experience and deep insight into the dynamics of forest ecosystems and the behavior and characteristics of a wide range of animal and plant species. If disconnected from their natural environments, indigenous communities inevitably lose their traditional knowledge and usually end up among the world's poorest people. Where rural communities and people have legal ownership of land, permanent crops like fruit trees and rubber are planted on a small scale. The forest is important as a land bank and as a source of food, medicine and materials to make houses, handicrafts, utensils and farming equipment. Although there is no specific regulation regarding forest use, it is understood by local people that forests near a given village belong to the community and are usually claimed under native customary rights.