Command Hospital Eastern Command

Alipore, India

Command Hospital Eastern Command

Alipore, India
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PubMed | Command Hospital Eastern Command and Army Hospital R&R
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical journal, Armed Forces India | Year: 2016

There are reports of migration of Helicobacter pylori from the gastric antrum to the proximal stomach following acid suppression therapy. The diagnosis of H pylori infection is usually based on rapid urease test and histology of gastric antral biopsies. 50 consecutive patients of peptic ulcer, 22 on proton pump inhibitors and 28 on histamine-2 receptor antagonists for at least 4 weeks were subjected to biopsies from the gastric corpus in addition to the antrum at the time of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. H pylori infection was detected in 42 (84%) patients. The diagnosis was established from both antral and corpus biopsies in 34 (68%) and only antrum in 4 (8%). In 4 patients, 3 on proton pump inhibitors and one on H-2 receptor antagonists, H pylori was isolated only from the corpus. The rapid urease test was positive at a mean time of 67.6 minutes from the antrum as compared to 234.6 minutes from the corpus. Testing for H pylori from the antrum alone and not the corpus would have resulted in a false negative result in 8% patients. Biopsy from the gastric antrum should always be combined with biopsy from gastric corpus for the diagnosis of H pylori infection in patients with dyspepsia on acid suppression therapy.

PubMed | Command Hospital Eastern Command, Army Hospital R&R and All India Institute of Medical Sciences
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical journal, Armed Forces India | Year: 2016

In renal transplantation, a good HLA-DR match is associated with higher success rate of graft outcome. It is particularly so In high risk recipients. Serological HLA-DR typing is not always easy due to a number of technical problems. In view of this, a comparison of serological and molecular typing was done in our institutions. A total of 64 live related donor patients of renal transplantation were studied. Serological typing was done by conventional methods. Molecular HLA class II typing was done by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based sequence specific oligonucleotide probe (SSOP) hybridization technique. An overall discrepancy of 19.5% was observed in the DR typing obtained by serology and PCR-SSOP of all the recipients and donors. 14.5% of cases showed discrepancy in the results of only one DR antigen. Serological typing failure was seen in 10.9% of total cases. In 19.5% cases, only one DR antigen was assigned by PCR-SSOP as compared to two antigens by serological methods. Maximum number of discrepancies were seen in DR 2 antigens. There was no appreciable difference of graft survival shown in the patients typed by both methods. However, higher incidence of acute graft rejection episodes were seen in patients with 1 antigen mismatch as compared to zero mismatch. It is concluded that HLA-DR typing should be carried out by molecular methods as these have been found to be more specific and accurate.

Verma R.,Command Hospital Southern Command | Grewal R.S.,Dy DGAFMS Prov | Chatterjee M.,Command Hospital Eastern Command | Pragasam V.,Command Hospital Southern Command | And 2 more authors.
Medical Journal Armed Forces India | Year: 2014

Background: Replenishing melanocytes by autologous melanocytes selectively in vitiliginous macules is a novel and promising treatment. With expertise in culturing autologous melanocytes, it has now become possible to treat larger recipient areas with smaller skin samples. To determine the relative efficacy of cultured versus non cultured melanocyte transfer in the management of stable vitiligo. Methods: The melanocytes were harvested as an autologous melanocyte rich cell suspension from a donor split thickness graft. Cultured or non cultured melanocytes were then transplanted to the recipient area that had been superficially dermabraded. 100 patches of vitiligo in patients reporting to this hospital were randomly allocated into 2 groups to receive either of the interventions. Results: An excellent response was seen in 62.17% cases with the autologous melanocyte rich cell suspension technique and in 52% with the melanocyte culture technique. Conclusion: Autologous melanocyte transplantation can be an effective form of surgical treatment in stable but recalcitrant lesions of vitiligo. Large areas of skin can be covered with a smaller donor skin using melanocyte culture technique; however culture method is more time consuming, and a labour intensive process, requiring state of the art equipments with a sterile lab setup. © 2013, Armed Forces Medical Services (AFMS). All rights reserved.

Laha B.,Command Hospital Eastern Command | Hazra A.,Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research | Mallick S.,Command Hospital Eastern Command
Indian Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2013

Objectives: Incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), without active intervention, following laparoscopic cholecystectomy is unacceptably high. We evaluated the effectiveness of intravenous (IV) palonosetron in counteracting PONV during the first 24hrs following laparoscopic cholecystectomy, using ondansetron as the comparator drug. Materials and Methods: In a randomized, controlled, single blind, parallel group trial, single pre-induction IV doses of palonosetron (75mcg) or ondansetron (4mg) were administered to adult patients of either sex undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. There were 49 subjects per group. The pre-anesthetic regimen, anesthesia procedure and laparoscopic technique were uniform. The primary effectiveness measure was total number of PONV episodes in the 24 hrs period following end of surgery. The frequencies of individual nausea, retching and vomiting episodes, visual analog scale (VAS) score for nausea at 2, 6 and 24hrs, use of rescue antiemetic (metoclopramide), number of complete responders (no PONV or use of rescue in 24 hrs) and adverse events were secondary measures. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in primary outcome. Similarly, the frequencies of nausea, retching and vomiting episodes, when considered individually, did not show significant difference. Nausea score was comparable at all time points. With palonosetron, 14 subjects (28.6%) required rescue medication while 13 (26.5%) did so with ondansetron. The number of complete responders was 14 (28.6%) and 16 (32.7%), respectively. Adverse events were few and mild. QT c prolongation was not encountered. Conclusion: Palonosetron is comparable to ondansetron for PONV prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy when administered as single pre-induction dose.

Jindal B.A.K.,Military Hospital Nasirabad | Pandya M.K.,DADH | Khan M.I.D.,Command Hospital Eastern Command
Medical Journal Armed Forces India | Year: 2015

Antimicrobial resistance has become a global concern. Though an evolutionary phenomenon, it is promulgated by faulty human behaviours. It is a growing concern ever since first reported in 1940s. Today, a plethora of newer generation antimicrobials have become ineffective against previously susceptible organisms. This is a huge challenge for health care managers all across the globe, compounded by the “discovery void” in the field of development of new antibiotics. If proper steps are not taken presently, the lurking fear of reaching a therapeutic dead end will become a reality. This paper aims at describing the pandemic of AMR from a public health perspective and suggesting strategies to deal with it in an effective and collaborative manner. © 2015, Armed Forces Medical Services (AFMS). All rights reserved.

Maiwall R.,Institute of Liver and Biliary science | Kumar S.,Command Hospital Eastern Command | Chaudhary A.K.,Institute of Liver and Biliary science | Maras J.,Institute of Liver and Biliary science | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Hepatology | Year: 2014

Background & Aims Serum ferritin is a known marker of hepatic necro-inflammation and has been studied to predict 1 year mortality and post-transplant survival in decompensated cirrhotics. However, there are no studies evaluating ferritin as a predictor of early mortality. We investigated whether serum ferritin levels could predict 15 day and 30 day mortality in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Methods 318 patients with decompensated cirrhosis were included. Results Patients of decompensated cirrhosis [257 males, mean age of 51 [±13] years, were followed for a median of 31 days. Serum ferritin levels were significantly different between survivors and non-survivors [p <0.001] and showed significant correlation with MELD score [p <0.001], CTP score [p <0.001], leucocyte counts [TLC] [p <0.001], serum sodium [p <0.001], ACLF grades [p = 0.005], spontaneous bacterial peritonitis [SBP] [p = 0.02], hepatic encephalopathy [HE] [p <0.001] and hepatorenal syndrome [HRS] [p = 0.012]. Serum ferritin, etiology, MELD, HE, CTP score, sodium, TLC, and ACLF grades were significant predictors of mortality on univariate analysis. Ferritin [p = 0.04, HR 1.66 95% CI (1.02-2.73)] was a significant predictor of early mortality on multivariate analysis along with HE [p = 0.006, HR 3.47 95% CI (2.13-8.41)] (Model 1), TLC [p = 0.02, HR 1.81 95% CI (1.06-3.07)] (Model 2), ACLF grades [p = 0.018, HR 2.013,95% CI (1.126-3.60)], and CTP score [p <0.0001, HR 1.36 95% CI (1.17-1.59)] (Model 3). Conclusion Serum ferritin levels correlate with severity of hepatic decompensation and are associated with early liver related death independent of the MELD score in hospitalized patients with decompensated cirrhosis. This could also have a potential therapeutic implication. © 2014 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Laha B.,Command Hospital Eastern Command | Guha R.,Command Hospital Eastern Command | Hazra A.,Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research
Indian Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2012

We report a case of neutropenic ulceration in a 42-year-old woman receiving azathioprine for pemphigus vulgaris. She developed multiple indolent ulcers involving the nose, neck, and back, after about 6-8 weeks following commencement of azathioprine 50 mg daily. The ulcers were large, disfiguring, dry, and with basal necrotic slough. They were painless and did not discharge pus. The absolute neutrophil count was severely depressed initially, but normalized following azathioprine withdrawal. Swab culture revealed colonization with Klebsiella pneumoniae and the ulcers healed with local debridement, treatment with imipenem, and topical application of mupirocin. However, nasal disfigurement persisted. Neutropenic ulceration is known to be associated with azathioprine therapy but we report this case because of the unusual presentation-indolent cutaneous ulcers. Early recognition of the problem and drug withdrawal can prevent complications like disfigurement.

PubMed | Military Hospital, PG Trainee Paediatrics. and Command Hospital Eastern Command
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical journal, Armed Forces India | Year: 2016

As per WHO recommendations, measles vaccine is administered at the age of 9 months which is based on studies demonstrating seroconversion (from positive to negative) at this age. However this contention may not hold good in preterm babies since they may have lower initial levels of passively transferred IgG antimeasles antibodies of maternal origin. To explore this possibility, 50 preterm babies (gestational age less than 37 weeks) were studied for antimeasles antibodies. Serum samples were collected at birth and then at 3 months and 5 months of age in all the cases. Antimeasles antibody assay was done in all the serum samples using ELISA kits. At birth 32% of infants were positive for antimeasles antibodies whereas 60% were weakly positive and 8% were negative. At 3 months of age 50% were sero negative, 2% positive and 40% weakly positive. The sero negativity was found to be 98% at 5 months with only 2% remaining positive. Since seroconversion is seen to occur in this vast majority of preterm infants at the age of 5 months, antimeasles vaccine should be administered at this age to this subset of more vulnerable babies.

PubMed | Command Hospital Eastern Command
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical journal, Armed Forces India | Year: 2016

50 adults with ascites admitted to our hospital were studied. Simultaneous samples of ascitic fluid and blood were collected and subjected to analysis including ascitic fluid total protein and serum ascites albumin gradient The cut off value of serum-ascites albumin gradient for differentiating between high and low gradient was taken as 1.1 gm % and of ascitic fluid protein for differentiating exudate and transudate as 2.5 gm%. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of high gradient and transudative ascites in diagnosing portal hypertension were 943%, 60%, 84.6%, 81.8% and 62.9%, 133%, 91.7% and 50% respectively. High gradient ascites is a sensitive test in the diagnosis of portal hypertension as a cause of ascites. The exudate-transudate approach has severe limitations in the differential diagnosis of ascites.

PubMed | 174 Military Hospital, Command Hospital Eastern Command and Military Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical journal, Armed Forces India | Year: 2016

Real time gray scale ultrasonography of upper abdomen was carried out in 1237 cases for varied indications. Overall prevalence of biliary lithiasis was 11.56% with female to male ratio of 4:1. Fifty years and below, female to male ratio was 6.5:1. 88.8% cases of biliary lithiasis were 60 years and below. Gall bladder dyspepsia (61.5%) and right upper quadrant pain (41%) were the main presenting features of biliary lithiasis. 26 patients (18%) presented with acute abdomen. Asymptomatic gallstones were found in 25 (17.5%) cases. Solitary calculus was less common than multiple calculi with a ratio of 1:4. Amongst cases of multiple calculi the small sized (2-4 mm) variety was the maximum (49%) followed by medium sized (5-10mm) and large sized (>10mm) calculi respectively.

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