Surrey E.S.,Colorado Center for Reproductive Medicine
Seminars in Reproductive Medicine | Year: 2013
In vitro fertilization (IVF) represents the most efficient means of overcoming endometriosis-related infertility. Compromised pelvic anatomy and a hostile peritoneal environment are bypassed. Despite the results of early trials, more contemporary outcomes data would suggest that when controlled for age, IVF cycle outcome is not compromised by the presence of endometriosis. One exception to this concept is the finding that patients with ovarian endometriomas demonstrate poorer response to gonadotropin therapy, although it is not clear that this affects the likelihood of implantation. Surgical ablation of superficial endometriosis has no clear impact on IVF pregnancy rates, although a small number of recent trials suggest that pre-cycle resection of deeply infiltrative disease may be beneficial. With the exception of traditional gynecologic indications, there is no evidence to suggest that resection of ovarian endometriomas has any positive impact on cycle outcome. There are, in fact, data demonstrating that resection may exert a deleterious effect on ovarian reserve. A subset of patients will benefit from administration of a prolonged course of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist prior to an IVF cycle. However, the characteristics of that subset have not been identified. It would be logical to consider this approach in women with more advanced disease, severe symptoms, and a history of implantation failure. Data on the impact of other pre-cycle medical interventions such as aromatase inhibitors, danazol, or oral contraceptives are more limited. There is also no evidence to suggest that the ovarian stimulation associated with IVF induces progression of endometriosis. © 2013 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.
Boots C.E.,University of Chicago |
Gustofson R.L.,Colorado Center for Reproductive Medicine |
Feinberg E.C.,University of Chicago |
Feinberg E.C.,Fertility Centers of Illinois
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2013
Objective To evaluate the effects of methotrexate (MTX) on the future fertility of women undergoing IVF by comparing ovarian reserve and ovarian responsiveness in the IVF cycle before and after an ectopic pregnancy (EP) treated with MTX. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Private reproductive endocrinology and infertility practice. Patient(s) Sixty-six women undergoing IVF before and after receiving MTX for an EP. Intervention(s) Methotrexate administration and ovarian stimulation. Main Outcome Measure(s) Markers of ovarian reserve (day 3 FSH, antral follicle count), measures of ovarian responsiveness (duration of stimulation, peak E2 level, total dose of gonadotropins, number of oocytes retrieved, fertilization rate), and time from MTX administration to subsequent IVF cycle. Result(s) There were no differences after MTX administration in body mass index (BMI), FSH, or antral follicle count. A greater dose of gonadotropins was used in the cycle after MTX, but there were no differences in numbers of oocytes retrieved or high quality embryos transferred. As expected, there was a slight increase in age in the subsequent IVF cycle. The pregnancy rates (PR) were comparable to the average PRs within the practice when combining all age groups. Conclusion(s) Methotrexate remains the first line of therapy for medical management of asymptomatic EP and does not compromise ovarian reserve, ovarian responsiveness, or IVF success in subsequent cycles. © 2013 American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Published by Elsevier Inc.
Krisher R.L.,National Foundation for Fertility Research |
Schoolcraft W.B.,Colorado Center for Reproductive Medicine |
Katz-Jaffe M.G.,National Foundation for Fertility Research
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2015
The advent of advanced omics technologies and the application of these techniques to the analysis of extremely limited material have opened the door to the investigation of embryo physiology in a focused, in-depth approach never before possible. The application of noninvasive metabolomic and proteomic platforms to understanding embryo viability permits the characterization of individual embryos in culture. Initial clinical data have highlighted the promise of these technologies for the development of noninvasive embryo selection criteria. In this way, a complex view of embryo function can be compiled and related to embryo development, quality, and outcome. Application of knowledge gained from omics will transform both our understanding of embryo physiology as well as our ability to select viable embryos for transfer in assisted reproductive technology. © 2015 American Society for Reproductive Medicine.
Katz-Jaffe M.G.,National Foundation for Fertility Research |
Katz-Jaffe M.G.,Colorado Center for Reproductive Medicine |
McReynolds S.,National Foundation for Fertility Research
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2013
Proteomic technologies have begun providing evidence that viable embryos possess unique protein profiles. Some of these potential protein biomarkers have been identified as extracellular and could be used in the development of a noninvasive quantitative method for embryo assessment. The field of assisted reproductive technologies would benefit from defining the human embryonic proteome and secretome, thereby expanding our current knowledge of embryonic cellular processes. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Published by Elsevier Inc.
Chwalisz K.,Abbott Laboratories |
Surrey E.,Colorado Center for Reproductive Medicine |
Stanczyk F.Z.,University of Southern California
Reproductive Sciences | Year: 2012
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) are an effective treatment of endometriosis-associated pelvic pain. The use of hormonal add-back therapy can alleviate the hypoestrogenic symptoms associated with GnRHa therapy, while preserving therapeutic efficacy. Norethindrone acetate (NETA) is a unique progestin that has both estrogenic and androgenic properties and is effective as an add-back regimen without estrogen supplementation. Through its estrogenic activity, NETA exerts beneficial effects on bone mineral density and vasomotor symptoms in women treated with GnRHa. In addition, NETA exhibits strong endometrial antiproliferative effects, which may result in further benefits for the endometriosis patient population. However, NETA add-back may be associated with progestogenic side effects and may lower high-density lipoprotein due to androgenic activity. These effects must be balanced with the overall benefits of NETA add-back therapy. © The Author(s) 2012.