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Gopal A.K.,University of Washington | Ramchandren R.,Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute | O'Connor O.A.,Columbia University | Berryman R.B.,Baylor University | And 8 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) relapsing after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) presents a major clinical challenge. In the present investigation, we evaluated brentuximab vedotin, a CD30- directed Ab-drug conjugate, in 25 HL patients (median age, 32 years; range, 20- 56) with recurrent disease after alloSCT (11 unrelated donors). Patients were > 100 days after alloSCT, had no active GVHD, and received a median of 9 (range, 5-19) prior regimens. Nineteen (76%) had refractory disease immediately before enrollment. Patients received 1.2 or 1.8 mg/kg of brentuximab vedotin IV every 3 weeks (median, 8 cycles; range, 1-16). Overall and complete response rates were 50% and 38%, respectively, among 24 evaluable patients. Median time to response was 8.1 weeks, median progression-free survival was 7.8 months, and the median overall survival was not reached. Cough, fatigue, and pyrexia (52% each), nausea and peripheral sensory neuropathy (48% each), and dyspnea (40%) were the most frequent adverse events. The most common adverse events ≥ grade 3 were neutropenia (24%), anemia (20%), thrombocytopenia (16%), and hyperglycemia (12%). Cytomegalovirus was detected in 5 patients (potentially clinically significant in 1). These results support the potential utility of brentuximab vedotin for selected patients with HL relapsing after alloSCT. These trials are registered with www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01026233, NCT01026415, and NCT00947856. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology.

Gopal A.K.,Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center | Bartlett N.L.,University of Washington | Forero-Torres A.,University of Alabama at Birmingham | Younes A.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | And 8 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2014

Older adults constitute a significant proportion of the cancer population, but are underrepresented in clinical trials. We conducted a retrospective analysis of the safety and efficacy of brentuximab vedotin in adults ≥ 60 years with relapsed CD30-positive lymphomas. Baseline characteristics and safety data were compared for older (median age 66) and younger patients (< 60 years, median age 32). Exposure to brentuximab vedotin was comparable. Older patients had more preexisting conditions (median 11 vs. 6) and were receiving more concomitant medications (median 7.5 vs. 4). Higher rates of anemia (30% vs. 10%), peripheral sensory neuropathy (60% vs. 46%), fatigue (58% vs. 43%) and adverse events ≥ grade 3 (70% vs. 56%) occurred in older patients. Objective response rates were 56% and 100% in older patients with Hodgkin lymphoma and systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma, respectively. With appropriate monitoring, brentuximab vedotin may represent a meaningful clinical option for older patients with relapsed CD30-positive lymphomas. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd.

Sorror M.L.,Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center | Sorror M.L.,University of Washington | Martin P.J.,Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center | Martin P.J.,University of Washington | And 20 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2014

Whether the hematopoietic cell transplantation comorbidity index (HCT-CI) can provide prognostic information about development of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and subsequent mortality is unknown. Five institutions contributed information on 2985 patients given human leukocyte antigen-matched grafts to address this question. Proportional hazards models were used to estimate the hazards of acute GVHD and post-GVHD mortality after adjustment for known risk variables. Higher HCT-CI scores predicted increased risk of grades 3 to 4 acute GVHD (P < .0001 and c-statistic of 0.64), and tests of interaction suggested that this association was consistent among different conditioning intensities, donor types, and stem cell sources. Probabilities of grades 3 to 4 GVHD were 13%, 18%, and 24% for HCT-CI risk groups of 0, 1 to 4, and ≥5. The HCT-CI was statistically significantly associated with mortality rates following diagnosis of grade 2 (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.24; P < .0001) or grades 3 to 4 acute GVHD (HR = 1.19; P < .0001). Patients with HCT-CI scores of ≥3 who developed grades 3 to 4 acute GVHD had a 2.63-fold higher risk of mortality than those with scores of 0 to 2 and did not develop acute GVHD. Thus, pretransplant comorbidities are associated with the development and severity of acute GVHD and with post-GVHD mortality. The HCT-CI could be useful in designing trials for GVHD prevention and could inform expectations for GVHD treatment trials. © 2014 by The American Society of Hematology.

Richardson P.G.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Siegel D.S.,John Theurer Cancer Center | Vij R.,University of Washington | Hofmeister C.C.,Ohio State University | And 20 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2014

This multicenter, open-label, randomized phase 2 study assessed the efficacy and safety of pomalidomide (POM) with/without low-dose dexamethasone (LoDEX) in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). Patients who had received ≥2 prior therapies (including lenalidomide [LEN] and bortezomib [BORT]) and had progressed within 60 days of their last therapy were randomized to POM (4 mg/day on days 1-21 of each 28-day cycle) with/without LoDEX (40 mg/week). The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). In total, 221 patients (median 5 priortherapies, range1-13) received POM+LoDEX (n = 113) or POM (n = 108). With a median follow-up of 14.2 months, median PFS was 4.2 and 2.7 months (hazard ratio = 0.68, P = .003), overall response rates (ORRs) were 33% and 18% (P = .013), median response duration was 8.3 and 10.7 months, and median overall survival (OS) was 16.5 and 13.6 months, respectively. Refractoriness to LEN, or resistance to both LEN and BORT, did not affect outcomes with POM+LoDEX (median PFS 3.8 months for both; ORRs 30% and 31%; and median OS 16 and 13.4 months). Grade 3-4 neutropenia occurred in 41% (POM+LoDEX) and 48% (POM); no grade 3-4 peripheral neuropathy was reported. POM+LoDEX was effective and generally well tolerated and provides an important new treatment option for RRMM patients who have received multiple prior therapies. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00833833. © 2014 by The American Society of Hematology.

Vij R.,University of Washington | Wang M.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Kaufman J.L.,Emory University | Lonial S.,Emory University | And 21 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

Carfilzomib is a selective proteasome inhibitor that binds irreversibly to its target. In phase 1 studies, carfilzomib elicited promising responses and an acceptable toxicity profile in patients with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (R/R MM). In the present phase 2, multicenter, open-label study, 129 bortezomibnaive patients with R/R MM (median of 2 prior therapies) were separated into Cohort 1, scheduled to receive intravenous carfilzomib 20 mg/m2 for all treatment cycles, and Cohort 2, scheduled to receive 20 mg/m2 for cycle 1 and then 27 mg/m2 for all subsequent cycles. The primary end point was an overall response rate (≥ partial response) of 42.4% in Cohort 1 and 52.2% in Cohort 2. The clinical benefit response (overall response rate + minimal response) was 59.3% and 64.2% in Cohorts 1 and 2, respectively. Median duration of response was 13.1 months and not reached, and median time to progression was 8.3 months and not reached, respectively. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events were fatigue (62.0%) and nausea (48.8%). Single-agent carfilzomib elicited a low incidence of peripheral neuropathy - 17.1% overall (1 grade 3; no grade 4) - in these pretreated bortezomib-naive patients. The results of the present study support the use of carfilzomib in R/R MM patients. This trial is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00530816. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology.

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