Serra Aracil X.,Coloproctology Unit
Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland | Year: 2010
Abstract Surgical excision is the best therapeutic option for tumours in the retrorectal space. Classically, surgery in this area required an abdominal or posterior approach, or a combination of the two methods. We report the use of transanal endoscopic microsurgery for the treatment of retrorectal tumours as an alternative to classical procedures.
Gonzalez M.,University of Lausanne |
Gervaz P.,Coloproctology Unit
Future Oncology | Year: 2015
Despite the lack of randomized trials, lung metastasectomy is currently proposed for colorectal cancer patients under certain conditions. Many retrospective studies have reported different prognostic factors of poorer survival, but eligibility for pulmonary metastasectomy remains determined by the complete resection of all pulmonary metastases. The aim of this review is to clarify which pre-operative risk factors reported in systematic reviews or meta-analysis are determinant for survival in colorectal metastatic patients. Different criteria have been now identified to select which patient will really benefit from lung metastasectomy. © 2015 Future Medicine Ltd.
Ambrosetti P.,Clinique Generale Beaulieu |
Gervaz P.,Coloproctology Unit
Updates in Surgery | Year: 2016
The role, indications and modalities of elective resection for sigmoid diverticulitis remain the cause of fierce debate. During the past two decades clinicians have increasingly recognized that: (1) young patients (<50) are no more at risk to develop more aggressive course of the disease; and (2) patients who present initially with a first uncomplicated attack are no more at risk for developing subsequent complicated diverticulitis requiring emergency surgery. Hence, the previously well-recognized indications (based upon age of the patients or the number of attacks) are no longer valid. Yet, the number of sigmoid resections performed for diverticulitis in industrialized countries is increasing, which seems to indicate that in many cases, uncomplicated sigmoid diverticulitis progressively evolves towards a chronic symptomatic condition, which significantly impacts upon the patients’ quality of life. The aims of this review are twofold: (1) to identify which disease presentation still represents good indications for elective laparoscopic sigmoid resection; and (2) to summarize the technical aspects of surgery for a benign condition, such as diverticular disease. © 2016, Italian Society of Surgery (SIC).
De La Portilla F.,University of Seville |
Rada R.,Coloproctology Unit |
Jimenez-Rodriguez R.,University of Seville |
Diaz-Pavon J.M.,University of Seville |
Sanchez-Gil J.M.,University of Seville
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum | Year: 2011
BACKGROUND: The treatment of anal fistulas using plugs is a very promising method because of its simplicity and ability to be carried out on an ambulatory basis. If unsuccessful, it does not compromise subsequent alternative surgical techniques and/or products. However, success rates are variable. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study was designed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of a new synthetic plug in the treatment of transsphincteric anal fistulas. DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study. SETTING: Patients were treated at 2 colorectal surgery centers in Spain (Seville and Huelva). INTERVENTIONS: Anal fistulas were treated with a fistula plug made of bioabsorbable polymers (67% polyglycolide, 33% trimethylene carbonate). PATIENTS: Starting in January 2009, consecutive adult patients with transsphincteric anal fistulas were evaluated. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcomemeasures included rates of successful fistula closure, complications, and continence (Jorge-Wexner incontinence score), assessed postoperatively at 1 week and again at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. Healing was determined by clinical examination by a surgeon blinded for the intervention. RESULTS: A total of 19 patients (18 men, 1 woman) with transsphincteric anal fistulas were included in the study. The median age was 49 (range, 33- 65) years. Of these patients, 12 presented with fistula relapse. The median time from onset of symptoms to surgery was 12 (range, 6 -120) months. Three patients had previously placed setons. The follow-up duration was 12 months. Relapse occurred in 16 patients (with a perianal abscess in 1), and successful closure was observed in 3 patients (15.8%). LIMITATIONS: The number of patients was small, and time was needed for the learning curve of the technique. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that the new synthetic plug is safe, but the fistula closure rate was low. Randomized studies are needed to further determine the role of the bioabsorbable synthetic plug in the management of anal fistulas. © The ASCRS 2011.
Jordan J.,Hospital Universitario Of Tenerife |
Roig J.V.,Consorcio Hospital General Universitario Of Valencia |
Garcia-Armengol J.,Consorcio Hospital General Universitario Of Valencia |
Garcia-Granero E.,Hospital Clinico Universitario Of Valencia |
And 2 more authors.
Colorectal Disease | Year: 2010
Objective: Fistula-in-ano continues to raise problems that require important therapeutic decisions. Our aim was to evaluate its recurrence and incontinence risk factors. Method: We analysed a series of 279 patients who had undergone anal fistula surgery with long-term follow-up. Results: 42.7% of the fistulae were considered complex and 46% had been referred from other institutions. There was delayed healing or recurrence in 7.2% patients, which appeared at a median of 4 months. The factors associated with recurrence were the type of fistula (extrasphincteric/suprasphincteric), nonidentification of internal opening (IO), recurrent or complex fistulae (CF), and associated chronic abscess. Only CF and nonidentification of IO were statistically significant in the multivariate analysis. Preoperative incontinence was a risk factor for postoperative incontinence, as were suprasphincteric, recurrent and CF. The age and gender of the patient did not influence postoperative continence, nor did the surgeon or surgical technique appear as a risk factor, although after excluding preoperative incontinent patients, fistulotomy was the technique that showed a higher risk of incontinence. Multivariate analysis only confirmed previous incontinence as a RF. Conclusion: The overall recurrence rate is acceptable, but high fistulae continue to be difficult to treat. IO identification is also essential for obtaining good results. It is important to identify the patients with preoperative incontinence as they are at a greater risk of deterioration after surgery. © 2010 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2010 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.