Hirschburger M.,Justus Liebig University |
Schwandner T.,Justus Liebig University |
Hecker A.,Justus Liebig University |
Kierer W.,Coloproctology Center |
And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Colorectal Disease | Year: 2014
Purpose: The treatment of transsphincteric anal fistulas is a challenge between recurrence rate and incontinence. Many surgical and conservative procedures have been described in the treatment of anal fistulas. Fistulectomy and primary sphincter reconstruction (FPSR) has not gained great popularity in this field due to the risk of sphincter damage. The aim of this study is to evaluate FPSR in the treatment of transsphincteric fistulas. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 50 patients with high transsphincteric fistulas of cryptoglandular origin that were treated with FPSR between 2005 and 2008. Preoperative assessment included physical and proctologic examination. Continence and pain scores were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively. Results: In our 50 patients, 22 patients (44 %) had a previous proctologic operation and 11 patients (22 %) presented with recurrent fistulas. The fistulas existed for an average of 8 months. The operation time was 28 ± 16 min. Mean follow-up was 22± months. The fistula healed in 44 patients (88 %) who developed no recurrence. In five patients (10 %), the fistula healed, but they developed a recurrence in the observation period. In one patient (2 %), the fistula did not heal. Three patients developed low-grade incontinence for flatus, and one patient with 2 incontinence improved. Preoperatively and postoperatively calculated continence and pain scores showed a slight but significant elevation in the Clinical Continence Score, the German Society of Coloproctology Score showed no significant difference, and preexisting pain was reduced significantly by surgery. Conclusions: FPSR is a safe surgical procedure for the treatment of high transsphincteric anal fistula. The primary healing rate is high with a low risk of recurrence or incontinence. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.