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Rubiano-Labrador C.,Pontifical Xavierian University | Rubiano-Labrador C.,Colombian Center for Genomics and Bioinformatics of Extreme Environments | Bland C.,CEA Marcoule Nuclear Site | Miotello G.,CEA Marcoule Nuclear Site | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

The ability of bacteria to adapt to external osmotic changes is fundamental for their survival. Halotolerant microorganisms, such as Tistlia consotensis, have to cope with continuous fluctuations in the salinity of their natural environments which require effective adaptation strategies against salt stress. Changes of extracellular protein profiles from Tistlia consotensis in conditions of low and high salinities were monitored by proteogenomics using a bacterial draft genome. At low salinity, we detected greater amounts of the HpnM protein which is involved in the biosynthesis of hopanoids. This may represent a novel, and previously unreported, strategy by halotolerant microorganisms to prevent the entry of water into the cell under conditions of low salinity. At high salinity, proteins associated with osmosensing, exclusion of Na+ and transport of compatible solutes, such as glycine betaine or proline are abundant.We also found that, probably in response to the high salt concentration, T. consotensis activated the synthesis of flagella and triggered a chemotactic response neither of which were observed at the salt concentration which is optimal for growth. Our study demonstrates that the exoproteome is an appropriate indicator of adaptive response of T. consotensis to changes in salinity because it allowed the identification of key proteins within its osmoadaptive mechanism that had not previously been detected in its cell proteome. Copyright: © 2015 Rubiano-Labrador et al. Source

Lopez G.,Pontifical Xavierian University | Lopez G.,Colombian Center for Genomics and Bioinformatics of Extreme Environments | Chow J.,University of Hamburg | Bongen P.,Heinrich Heine University Dusseldorf | And 5 more authors.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2014

Several thermo- and mesoacidophilic bacterial strains that revealed high lipolytic activity were isolated from water samples derived from acidic hot springs in Los Nevados National Natural Park (Colombia). A novel lipolytic enzyme named 499EST was obtained from the thermoacidophilic alpha-Proteobacterium Acidicaldus USBA-GBX-499. The gene estA encoded a 313-amino-acid protein named 499EST. The deduced amino acid sequence showed the highest identity (58 %) with a putative α/β hydrolase from Acidiphilium sp. (ZP_08632277.1). Sequence alignments and phylogenetic analysis indicated that 499EST is a new member of the bacterial esterase/lipase family IV. The esterase reveals its optimum catalytic activity at 55 °C and pH 9.0. Kinetic studies showed that 499EST preferentially hydrolyzed middle-length acyl chains (C6-C8), especially p-nitrophenyl (p-NP) caproate (C6). Its thermostability and activity were strongly enhanced by adding 6 mM FeCl3. High stability in the presence of water-miscible solvents such as dimethyl sulfoxide and glycerol was observed. This enzyme also exhibits stability under harsh environmental conditions and enantioselectivity towards naproxen and ibuprofen esters, yielding the medically relevant (S)-enantiomers. In conclusion, according to our knowledge, 499EST is the first thermoalkalostable esterase derived from a Gram-negative thermoacidophilic bacterium. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Rubiano-Labrador C.,Pontifical Xavierian University | Rubiano-Labrador C.,Colombian Center for Genomics and Bioinformatics of Extreme Environments | Bland C.,CEA Marcoule Nuclear Site | Miotello G.,CEA Marcoule Nuclear Site | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2014

Tistlia consotensis is a halotolerant Rhodospirillaceae that was isolated from a saline spring located in the Colombian Andes with a salt concentration close to seawater (4.5%w/vol). We cultivated this microorganism in three NaCl concentrations, i.e. optimal (0.5%), without (0.0%) and high (4.0%) salt concentration, and analyzed its cellular proteome. For assigning tandem mass spectrometry data, we first sequenced its genome and constructed a six reading frame ORF database from the draft sequence. We annotated only the genes whose products (872) were detected. We compared the quantitative proteome data sets recorded for the three different growth conditions. At low salinity general stress proteins (chaperons, proteases and proteins associated with oxidative stress protection), were detected in higher amounts, probably linked to difficulties for proper protein folding and metabolism. Proteogenomics and comparative genomics pointed at the CrgA transcriptional regulator as a key-factor for the proteome remodeling upon low osmolarity. In hyper-osmotic condition, T. consotensis produced in larger amounts proteins involved in the sensing of changes in salt concentration, as well as a wide panel of transport systems for the transport of organic compatible solutes such as glutamate. We have described here a straightforward procedure in making a new environmental isolate quickly amenable to proteomics. Biological significance: The bacterium Tistlia consotensis was isolated from a saline spring in the Colombian Andes and represents an interesting environmental model to be compared with extremophiles or other moderate organisms. To explore the halotolerance molecular mechanisms of the bacterium T. consotensis, we developed an innovative proteogenomic strategy consisting of i) genome sequencing, ii) quick annotation of the genes whose products were detected by mass spectrometry, and iii) comparative proteomics of cells grown in three salt conditions. We highlighted in this manuscript how efficient such an approach can be compared to time-consuming genome annotation when pointing at the key proteins of a given biological question. We documented a large number of proteins found produced in greater amounts when cells are cultivated in either hypo-osmotic or hyper-osmotic conditions. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Trends in Microbial Proteomics. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

Ruiz-Perez C.A.,Molecular Genetics | Ruiz-Perez C.A.,Colombian Center for Genomics and Bioinformatics of Extreme Environments | Ruiz-Perez C.A.,University of Los Andes, Colombia | Restrepo S.,Colombian Center for Genomics and Bioinformatics of Extreme Environments | And 3 more authors.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology | Year: 2016

Microbial populations residing in close contact with plants can be found in the rhizosphere, in the phyllosphere as epiphytes on the surface, or inside plants as endophytes. Here, we analyzed the microbiota associated with Espeletia plants, endemic to the Páramo environment of the Andes Mountains and a unique model for studying microbial populations and their adaptations to the adverse conditions of high-mountain neotropical ecosystems. Communities were analyzed using samples from the rhizosphere, necromass, and young and mature leaves, the last two analyzed separately as endophytes and epiphytes. The taxonomic composition determined by performing sequencing of the V5-V6 region of the 16S rRNA gene indicated differences among populations of the leaf phyllosphere, the necromass, and the rhizosphere, with predominance of some phyla but only few shared operational taxonomic units (OTUs). Functional profiles predicted on the basis of taxonomic affiliations differed from those obtained by GeoChip microarray analysis, which separated community functional capacities based on plant microenvironment. The identified metabolic pathways provided insight regarding microbial strategies for colonization and survival in these ecosystems. This study of novel plant phyllosphere microbiomes and their putative functional ecology is also the first step for future bioprospecting studies in search of enzymes, compounds, or microorganisms relevant to industry or for remediation efforts. © 2016, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Source

Bohorquez L.C.,Molecular Genetics | Bohorquez L.C.,Colombian Center for Genomics and Bioinformatics of Extreme Environments | Ruiz-Perez C.A.,Molecular Genetics | Ruiz-Perez C.A.,Colombian Center for Genomics and Bioinformatics of Extreme Environments | And 2 more authors.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology | Year: 2012

Proteorhodopsin (PR) sequences were PCR amplified from three Andean acidic hot spring samples. These sequences were similar to freshwater and marine PRs and they contained residues indicative of proton-pumping activity and of proteins that absorb green light; these findings suggest that PRs might contribute to cellular metabolism in these habitats. © 2012, American Society for Microbiology. Source

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