Delhi Hills, OH, United States

College of Mount St. Joseph
Delhi Hills, OH, United States

The Mount St. Joseph University, formerly College of Mount St. Joseph, is a private, Catholic, co-educational college located at Mount Saint Joseph, an unincorporated community near Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. Also known as “the Mount,” the college was founded in 1920 by the Sisters of Charity of Cincinnati and educates students through liberal arts and professional curricula. Enrollment exceeds 2,300, with over 1,800 undergraduate students and approximately 300 graduate students. The Mount offers 39 undergraduate programs, nine associate degrees, and pre-professional and certificate programs, as well as graduate programs in business administration, education, organizational leadership, religious studies, nursing, and physical therapy. Wikipedia.

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McCallum C.A.,Walsh University | Mosher P.D.,College of Mount St. Joseph | Jacobson P.J.,Bellarmine University | Gallivan S.P.,University of Dayton | Giuffre S.M.,Youngstown State University
Physical Therapy | Year: 2013

Background. Many factors affect student learning throughout the clinical education (CE) component of professional (entry-level) physical therapist education curricula. Physical therapist education programs (PTEPs) manage CE, yet the material and human resources required to provide CE are generally overseen by community-based physical therapist practices. Purpose. The purposes of this systematic review were: (1) to examine how the construct of quality is defined in CE literature and (2) to determine the methodological rigor of the available evidence on quality in physical therapist CE. Methods. This study was a systematic review of English-language journals using the American Physical Therapy Association's Open Door Portal to Evidence-Based Practice as the computer search engine. The search was categorized using terms for physical therapy and quality and for CE pedagogy and models or roles. Summary findings were characterized by 5 primary themes and 14 subthemes using a qualitative-directed content analysis. Results. Fifty-four articles were included in the study. The primary quality themes were: CE framework, CE sites, structure of CE, assessment in CE, and CE faculty. The methodological rigor of the studies was critically appraised using a binary system based on the McMaster appraisal tools. Scores ranged from 3 to 14. Limitations. Publication bias and outcome reporting bias may be inherent limitations to the results. Conclusion. The review found inconclusive evidence about what constitutes quality or best practice for physical therapist CE. Five key constructs of CE were identified that, when aggregated, could construe quality. © 2013 American Physical Therapy Association.

Fischer M.W.F.,College of Mount St. Joseph | Money N.P.,Miami University Ohio
Fungal Biology | Year: 2010

Gilled mushrooms are produced by multiple orders within the Agaricomycetes. Some species form a single array of unbranched radial gills beneath their caps, many others produce multiple files of lamellulae between the primary gills, and branched gills are also common. In this largely theoretical study we modeled the effects of different gill arrangements on the total surface area for spore production. Relative to spore production over a flat surface, gills achieve a maximum 20-fold increase in surface area. The branching of gills produces the same increase in surface area as the formation of free-standing lamellulae (short gills). The addition of lamellulae between every second gill would offer a slightly greater increase in surface area in comparison to the addition of lamellulae between every pair of opposing gills, but this morphology does not appear in nature. Analysis of photographs of mushrooms demonstrates an excellent match between natural gill arrangements and configurations predicted by our model. © 2009 The British Mycological Society.

Johnson E.,College of Mount St. Joseph
Proteins: Structure, Function and Bioinformatics | Year: 2012

The separability between overall and internal motions is evaluated over multiple folding trajectories of the villin headpiece subdomain. The analysis, which relies on the Prompers-Brüschweiler separability index, offers a potentially useful perspective on protein folding. The protein is considered folded in this study, not when it reaches some static target, but rather when it tumbles as a dynamically constrained object. The analysis also demonstrates how the separability index, when applied to protein folding simulations, can facilitate the analysis of NMR relaxation data. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

McDonough T.A.,College of Mount St. Joseph
Violence and Victims | Year: 2010

Based on theories of social exchange and cognitive decision-making, the current research was an initial attempt to analyze battered and nonbattered women's decision-making processes using a policy capturing methodology. Participants included 28 battered and 30 nonbattered women who responded to several questionnaires and vignettes about violent relationships. Overall, both groups of women reported they would be unlikely to stay in the described relationships. Further, the cue of violence intensity was overwhelmingly the most heavily weighted variable for women in both samples, and a comparison of subjective reports and objective policies found that both groups lacked insight into which variables they were weighing when deciding to stay. Results suggest that when making the intellectual decision to stay in an abusive relationship, battered and nonbattered women respond similarly. © 2010 Springer Publishing Company.

De La Garza J.M.,College of Mount St. Joseph | Akyildiz S.,College of Mount St. Joseph | Bish D.R.,College of Mount St. Joseph | Krueger D.A.,College of Mount St. Joseph
Advanced Engineering Informatics | Year: 2011

Infrastructure systems in the US are in urgent need of maintenance and rehabilitation. According to the most recent factsheet published by the American Society of Civil Engineers, one of the top five infrastructure concerns of today in the US is the transportation system. The major challenge facing maintenance managers in state Departments of Transportation (DOTs) today is to preserve the road networks at an acceptable level of serviceability subject to the stringent yearly maintenance and rehabilitation (M&R) budgets. Maintenance managers must allocate such limited budgets among competing alternatives. Absence of simpler decision-making tools exacerbates the matter. This paper presents the development and implementation of a simpler, yet useful, network-level pavement maintenance optimization model, which is a Linear Program (LP) subject to budget constraints and the agencies' pavement performance goals in terms of total lane-miles in each pavement condition state. A decision-making tool is developed using Frontline Systems' Risk Solver Platform add-in for Microsoft Office Excel. This decision-making tool can compute the optimal amount of investment for each pavement treatment type in a given funding period. Pavement condition data pertaining to one of the Districts within a state DOT is used to test the model presented herein. Within this context, nine treatment types along with their corresponding unit prices ($/Lane-Mile), five pavement condition states, pavement deterioration rates, network-level pavement performance targets, and available annual maintenance budget for a 15-year planning horizon are defined. The results presented show how an annual highway maintenance budget needs to be allocated or determined to achieve the District's value proposition for various scenarios. Comparing the results of these varying scenarios provides insight on long-term strategies and the impact of target constraints on budget expenditures. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Johnson E.,College of Mount St. Joseph
Journal of Biomolecular NMR | Year: 2011

NMR order parameters are calculated from molecular dynamics computer simulations of ubiquitin and the apo (Ca 2+-free) state of calbindin D 9k. Calculations are performed in an expanding reference frame so as to discriminate between the effects of short- and long-range motions. This approach reveals that the dominant contributions to the order parameters are short-range. Longerrange contributions are limited to specific sites, many of which have been recognized in previous studies of correlated motions. These sites are identified on the basis of an effective reorientational number, n eff. Not only does this parameter identify sites of short- and long-range motion, it also provides a way of evaluating the separability condition that is key to the Lipari-Szabo model-free method. When analyzed in conjunction with the Prompers-Brüschweiler separability index, the n eff values indicate that longer-range motions play a more prominent role in apo calbindin than they do in ubiquitin. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011.

Szekely J.,College of Mount St. Joseph | Collins M.,College of Mount St. Joseph | Currie C.A.,College of Mount St. Joseph
Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences | Year: 2014

Since 2008 a significant amount of work has focused on the development of methods to analyze contaminated heparin. This work focuses on utilizing heparin's ability to serve as a chiral selector as a means for determining contamination. Specifically, the effect of contamination on the separation of pheniramine and chloroquine enantiomers was explored. Separations were conducted using heparin contaminated with chondroitin sulfate at varying levels. For each pair of enantiomers, electrophoretic mobility and resolution were calculated. For pheniramine enantiomers, an increase in contamination leads to a decrease in the electrophoretic mobility and resolution. A linear relationship between contamination level and electrophoretic mobility of the pheniramine enantiomers was observed for the entire contamination range. A linear relationship was also found between contamination level and resolution of the enantiomers between 0 and 70 percent contamination. For the separation of chloroquine enantiomers, it was found that at low levels of contamination, the resolution of enantiomers was increased due to the secondary interaction between the chloroquine enantiomers and the chondroitin sulfate. Results of this study illustrate the potential of using chiral recognition as a means to determine heparin contamination as well as the improvement of the chiral resolution of chloroquine with the additional of low levels of chondroitin sulfate A. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Two cicada hatchlings (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) in Burmese and Dominican amber are described as Burmacicada protera n. gen., n. sp. and Dominicicada youngi n. gen., n. sp., respectively. Although very similar in appearance, the two species can be separated by body contour, the nature of the process on the terminal antennomere and the shape and size of protrusions, teeth and spines on the forelegs. A comparison of the forelegs of the fossil hatchlings with those of an extant hatchling of the periodical cicada, Magicicada septendecim (L.), reveals a remarkable degree of morphological conservatism over 100 million years. A brief review of fossil cicadas is presented. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Konopka A.,College of Mount St. Joseph
Ethics, Policy and Environment | Year: 2013

This paper identifies the duty to care for the public interest in the commonly valued ecological goods of the Gulf as one of the basic essential features of the moral significance of the federal policies that govern the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. I argue that the Clean Water Act and the Oil Protection Act implicitly provide for a communitarian interpretation of the public and ecological goods of this event that warrants a virtue ethical account of normativity that is ultimately expressed in the duty to care, a duty that is one of the central moral principles that underlies the punitive damages doctrine. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Christensen H.R.,University of Cincinnati | Christensen H.R.,College of Mount St. Joseph | Murawsky M.K.,University of Cincinnati | Horseman N.D.,University of Cincinnati | And 2 more authors.
Endocrinology | Year: 2013

A variety of fundamental differences have evolved in the physiology of the human and rodent prolactin (PRL) systems. The PRL gene in humans and other primates contains an alternative promoter, 5.8 kbp upstream of the pituitary transcription start site, which drives expression of PRL in " extrapituitary" tissues, where PRL is believed to exert local, or paracrine, actions. Several of these extrapituitary PRL tissues serve a reproductive function (eg, mammary gland, decidua, prostate, etc), consistent with the hypothesis that local PRL production may be involved in, and required for, normal reproductive physiology in primates. Rodent research models have generated significant findings regarding the role of PRL in reproduction. Specifically, disruption (knockout) of either the PRL gene or its receptor causes profound female reproductive defects at several levels (ovaries, preimplantation endometrium, mammary glands). However, the rodent PRL gene differs significantly from the human, most notably lacking the alternative promoter. Understanding of the physiological regulation and function of extrapituitary PRL has been limited by the absence of a readily accessible experimental model, because the rodent PRL gene does not contain the alternative promoter. To overcome these limitations, we have generated mice that have been "humanized" with regard to the structural gene and tissue expression of PRL. Here, we present the characterization of these animals, demonstrating that the human PRL transgene is responsive to known physiological regulators both in vitro and in vivo. More importantly, the expression of the human PRL transgene is able to rescue the reproductive defects observed in mouse PRL knockout (mPRL-) females, validating their usefulness in studying the function or regulation of this hormone in a manner that is relevant to human physiology. Copyright © 2013 by The Endocrine Society.

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