Chowdhury M.,College of Law and Business |
Jayaram J.,University of South Carolina |
Prajogo D.,Monash University
International Journal of Production Research | Year: 2017
In contrast to prior literature, we hypothesise that socialisation with suppliers plays a key role in the success of buyer’s innovation programmes. Using the theoretical lens of social capital theory and knowledge-based view of a firm; we propose a framework of antecedents and consequences of socialisation. We use data from a large sample of firms in Australia to test our framework. We also corroborate our results with a small sample of qualitative case studies that were carried out in conjunction with the large-scale empirical study. Taken together, the results supported the claim of the importance of socialisation as well as absorptive capacity in influencing innovation performance of buyers. The results suggest that managers ought to consider socialisation as a mechanism to enhance collaborative competence which in turn helps innovation performance via tapping the potential of absorptive capacity of knowledge. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
Louis C.J.,College of Law and Business
Health Care Management Review | Year: 2017
BACKGROUND:: Scholars have noted a disconnect between the level at which structure is typically examined (the organization) and the level at which the relevant coordination takes place (service delivery). Accordingly, our understanding of the role structure plays in care coordination is limited. PURPOSE:: In this article, we explore service line structure, with an aim of advancing our understanding of the role service line structure plays in producing coordinated, patient-centered care. We do so by giving special attention to the cognitive roots of patient-centeredness. METHODOLOGY/APPROACH:: Our exploratory study relied on comparative case studies of the breast cancer service lines in three health systems. Nonprobability discriminative snowball sampling was used to identify the final sample of key informants. We employed a grounded approach to analyzing and interpreting the data. RESULTS:: We found substantial variation across the three service lines in terms of their structure. We also found corresponding variation across the three case sites in terms of where informant attention was primarily focused in the process of coordinating care. Drawing on the attention-based view of the firm, our results draw a clear connection between structural characteristics and the dominant focus of attention (operational tactics, provider roles and relationships, or patient needs and engagement) in health care service lines. CONCLUSION:: Our exploratory results suggest that service line structures influence attention in two ways: (a) by regulating the type and intensity of the problems facing service line participants and (b) by encouraging (or discouraging) a shared purpose around patient needs. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:: Patient-centered attention—a precursor to coordinated, patient-centered care—depends on the internal choices organizations make around service line structure. Moreover, a key task for organizational and service line leaders is to structure service lines to create a context that minimizes distractions and enables care providers to focus their attention on the needs of their patients. Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved
Hatton T.,College of Law and Business
Journal of business continuity & emergency planning | Year: 2016
Business Continuity Planning (BCP) is well established as a key plank in an organisation's risk management process. But how effective is BCP when disaster strikes? This paper examines the experiences of organisations following the 2010-11 Canterbury, New Zealand earthquakes. The study finds that BCP was helpful for all organisations interviewed but more attention is needed on the management of societal and personal impacts; development of employee resilience, identification of effective crisis leaders; right-sizing plans and planning to seize opportunities post-disaster.
Kaspi O.,Afeka Academic College of Engineering |
Kaspi O.,Bar - Ilan University |
Yosipof A.,College of Law and Business |
Senderowitz H.,Bar - Ilan University
Journal of Cheminformatics | Year: 2017
An important aspect of chemoinformatics and material-informatics is the usage of machine learning algorithms to build Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR) models. The RANdom SAmple Consensus (RANSAC) algorithm is a predictive modeling tool widely used in the image processing field for cleaning datasets from noise. RANSAC could be used as a “one stop shop” algorithm for developing and validating QSAR models, performing outlier removal, descriptors selection, model development and predictions for test set samples using applicability domain. For “future” predictions (i.e., for samples not included in the original test set) RANSAC provides a statistical estimate for the probability of obtaining reliable predictions, i.e., predictions within a pre-defined number of standard deviations from the true values. In this work we describe the first application of RNASAC in material informatics, focusing on the analysis of solar cells. We demonstrate that for three datasets representing different metal oxide (MO) based solar cell libraries RANSAC-derived models select descriptors previously shown to correlate with key photovoltaic properties and lead to good predictive statistics for these properties. These models were subsequently used to predict the properties of virtual solar cells libraries highlighting interesting dependencies of PV properties on MO compositions. © 2017 The Author(s).
Bruner J.A.,College of Law and Business
Cleveland State Law Review | Year: 2017
No realm of employment litigation has been more active in recent years than class action lawsuits under the FLSA. Although the FLSA was originally enacted to help those who toiled in factories and on farms obtain a fair day's pay for a fair day's work, it continues to haunt unwary employers nearly seventy years later. This Note attempts to resolve those problems through the proposition of a single, uniform, and employer-friendly standard for donning and doffing claims arising under the FLSA. Specifically, this Note argues that courts should construe the "integral and indispensable" test narrowly to protect employers from compensation claims for relatively effortless activities while also exposing them to litigation for work that is essential to completion of the principal activity, as contemplated by early labor standard advocates. This ensures that legitimate claims for uncompensated work time are fully covered by the FLSA and that frivolous suits fall by the wayside.
Elgazzar R.F.,Arab Academy for Science and Technology |
El-Gazzar R.F.,College of Law and Business
SMARTGREENS 2017 - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Smart Cities and Green ICT Systems | Year: 2017
As the majority of world population will be living in cities by 2050, it became a necessity for societies to build cities that are capable of meeting the needs of current and future generations in a smart way. There have been initiatives toward smart/sustainable cities that had succeeded, and others had failed. Being sustainable and smart had been used in a quite confusing way. In this paper, we attempt to understand related concepts, such as smart, sustainable, sustainable development, and sustainability. Then, we analyse five examples of existing initiatives of smart/sustainable cities to understand the factors behind their success or failure, by applying SMART criteria as a managerial perspective on those initiatives. Finally, we conclude the paper with key implications and possibilities for future research. © 2017 by SCITEPRESS Science and Technology Publications, Lda. All Rights Reserved.
Furner C.P.,East Carolina University |
Zinko R.A.,College of Law and Business
Electronic Markets | Year: 2016
Information overload has been studied extensively by decision science researchers, particularly in the context of task-based optimization decisions. Media selection research has similarly investigated the extent to which task characteristics influence media choice and use. This paper outlines a study which compares the effectiveness of web-based online product review systems for facilitation of trust and purchase intention to those of mobile product review systems in an experiential service setting (hotel services). Findings indicate that the extensiveness of information in the review increases trust and purchase intention until that information load becomes excessive, at which point trust and purchase intention begin to decrease. The magnitude of this decline is smaller in web-environments than in mobile environments, suggesting that web-based systems are more effective in fostering focus and are less prone to navigation frustration, thus reducing information overload. © 2016 Institute of Applied Informatics at University of Leipzig
Ballantine P.W.,College of Law and Business |
Lin Y.,College of Law and Business |
Veer E.,College of Law and Business
Computers in Human Behavior | Year: 2015
The purpose of this paper is to examine how social media users' comments influence people's perception of information on Facebook. This was explored in the context of relationship status updates, where a person makes an announcement via Facebook about the formation or dissolution of a real-world romantic relationship. An online experiment was conducted to investigate how positive or negative changes in a relationship status, in conjunction with either positive or negative comments toward the relationship status update, can influence attitudes toward the announcement made. Data was collected from 453 participants using a between-subjects 2 × 2 factorial design. The findings suggest that comments from other users alter perceptions of a Facebook relationship status update. Not only do we show that positive comments lead to favorable attitudes toward the status and negative comments lead to poorer attitudes toward the status, the research also shows that observers' attitudes toward an updated relationship status are more driven by the valence of the comments than the nature of the status. That is, positive Facebook statuses can be seen as negative if the comments associated with the status are negative in nature. Implications toward theories of community formation and management online are presented as well as contributions toward those using social media as a means of promoting themselves to others. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Stewart B.,Victoria University of Melbourne |
Outram S.,Victoria University of Melbourne |
Smith A.C.T.,College of Law and Business
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports | Year: 2013
Using qualitative life-course and pathway analysis, this article explores the beliefs that serious club cyclists have about performance improvement, and what they think are appropriate and inappropriate ways of achieving it. We interviewed 11 cyclists from suburban clubs in Melbourne, Australia, and invited them to discuss their approach to training, racing, and supplementation. We found that each of the 11 cyclists were not only committed to the sport, but also paid a keen interest in bike technology and training regimes. In addition, they believed that supplement use was integral to meeting the physical and mental demands of their sport, even at club level. They also understood that supplement use, like training regimes, followed a sequential pathway where the accumulation of capacity, know-know, and knowledge, allowed progression to the next level of performance. And, like similar studies of club cycling in Europe, this cohort of cyclists balked at using banned substances, but also believed that in order to effectively transition to the elite - that is, professional - level, some additional supplement and drug-use was essential. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Barrett N.,College of Law and Business
Nanotechnology Law and Business | Year: 2011
This article examines the regulation of nanotechnology in the European Union food industry and the resulting legal issues that arise for consumers who consume these food products and the work-ers who manufacture them. Research suggests that nanomaterials may have adverse effects to hu-man health which raises questions about the civil liability of manufacturers who supply consumers with defective products that cause injury to the consumer. It could prove difficult for a consumer to prove that a specific nanomaterial caused their injury due to their minute size and knowledge defi-cit concerning how nanomaterials interact with the body.