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Midreshet Ben-Gurion, Israel

Barrett N.,College of Law and Business
Nanotechnology Law and Business | Year: 2011

This article examines the regulation of nanotechnology in the European Union food industry and the resulting legal issues that arise for consumers who consume these food products and the work-ers who manufacture them. Research suggests that nanomaterials may have adverse effects to hu-man health which raises questions about the civil liability of manufacturers who supply consumers with defective products that cause injury to the consumer. It could prove difficult for a consumer to prove that a specific nanomaterial caused their injury due to their minute size and knowledge defi-cit concerning how nanomaterials interact with the body.

Hanss D.,University of Bergen | Mentzoni R.A.,University of Bergen | Griffiths M.D.,College of Law and Business | Pallesen S.,University of Bergen
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors | Year: 2015

Although there is a general lack of empirical evidence that advertising influences gambling participation, the regulation of gambling advertising is hotly debated among academic researchers, treatment specialists, lobby groups, regulators, and policymakers. This study contributes to the ongoing debate by investigating perceived impacts of gambling advertising in a sample of gamblers drawn from the general population in Norway (n = 6,034). Three dimensions of advertising impacts were identified, representing perceived impacts on (a) gambling-related attitudes, interest, and behavior ("involvement"); (b) knowledge about gambling options and providers ("knowledge"); and (c) the degree to which people are aware of gambling advertising ("awareness"). Overall, impacts were strongest for the knowledge dimension, and, for all 3 dimensions, the impact increased with level of advertising exposure. Those identified as problem gamblers in the sample (n = 57) reported advertising impacts concerning involvement more than recreational gamblers, and this finding was not attributable to differences in advertising exposure. Additionally, younger gamblers reported stronger impacts on involvement and knowledge but were less likely to agree that they were aware of gambling advertising than older gamblers. Male gamblers were more likely than female gamblers to report stronger impacts on both involvement and knowledge. These findings are discussed with regard to existing research on gambling advertising as well as their implications for future research and policy-making. © 2015 American Psychological Association.

Stewart B.,Victoria University of Melbourne | Outram S.,Victoria University of Melbourne | Smith A.C.T.,College of Law and Business
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports | Year: 2013

Using qualitative life-course and pathway analysis, this article explores the beliefs that serious club cyclists have about performance improvement, and what they think are appropriate and inappropriate ways of achieving it. We interviewed 11 cyclists from suburban clubs in Melbourne, Australia, and invited them to discuss their approach to training, racing, and supplementation. We found that each of the 11 cyclists were not only committed to the sport, but also paid a keen interest in bike technology and training regimes. In addition, they believed that supplement use was integral to meeting the physical and mental demands of their sport, even at club level. They also understood that supplement use, like training regimes, followed a sequential pathway where the accumulation of capacity, know-know, and knowledge, allowed progression to the next level of performance. And, like similar studies of club cycling in Europe, this cohort of cyclists balked at using banned substances, but also believed that in order to effectively transition to the elite - that is, professional - level, some additional supplement and drug-use was essential. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Jia X.,Shijiazhuang University of Economics | Rong J.,College of Law and Business
Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering | Year: 2013

The Internet is the main source of information communication, while internet technology has very important potential value on the evolution of culture development. However, the attempts to use large network technique in the new culture model are blocked in the current leading technology. In this paper, we present an overview of a new cultural evolution model, which is based on internet technology development and modeling. The method is based on the stereotypical culture model, such as describing beliefs, perceptions and values of cultural groups and so on. The method is used for subsequent development of ontology, and how to force these models based information extraction capability. We build the model of culture for the network information extraction method, and also provide a better space for the future development of Cultural Revolution. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media.

Jia X.,Shijiazhuang University of Economics | Rong J.,College of Law and Business
Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering | Year: 2013

On the road of the global development, the growth in cultural industry has significant cultural goods, with services and trade of intellectual property rights of the increasing share of cultural diversity and the contemporary globalization and the related factors. In addition, more and more people realize that it is essential to protect and promote cultural diversity, whose position is that, the only prerequisite to achieve sustainable development. To Finnish market promotion and industrial transition of culture industry, we have conducted a comprehensive, three-dimensional analysis from development, industrial innovation and other aspects of the culture industry. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media.

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