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Mlcek J.,Tomas Bata University in Zlin | Rop O.,College of Business and Hotel | Borkovcova M.,Mendel University in Brno | Bednarova M.,Mendel University in Brno
Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences | Year: 2014

Possibilities of edible insects use in European countries, are now an increasingly debated issue. Insects in Asian, African, Central American and South Central American cultures are mainly nutritional components. This review mainly describes the species of insects that are suitable as food in Europe and other developed countries. This comprehensive work addresses the issue of eating insects, especially considering the nutritionally important factors. Risks are also mentioned, as well as allergies, toxicity, and other aspects of the breeding and use of edible insects. Insects play and will play important roles in the future in various fields of research, exploitation, breeding, etc. This review provides a comprehensive current and future view of insects as a valuable foodstuff. © by Jiri Mlcek 2014. Source

Kucekova Z.,Tomas Bata University in Zlin | Mlcek J.,Tomas Bata University in Zlin | Humpolicek P.,Tomas Bata University in Zlin | Rop O.,College of Business and Hotel
Central European Journal of Biology | Year: 2013

The phenolic compound composition, antioxidant activity and impact on cell viability of edible flower extracts of Allium schoenoprasum; Bellis perennis; Cichorium intybus; Rumex acetosa; Salvia pratensis; Sambucus nigra; Taraxacum officinale; Tragopogon pratensis; Trifolium repens and Viola arvensis was examined for the first time. Total phenolic content of the flowers of these plants fell between 11.72 and 42.74 mg of tannin equivalents/kg of dry matter. Antioxidant activity ranged from 35.56 to 71.62 g of ascorbic acid equivalents/kg of dry matter. Using the Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma cell-line (HepG2) and the Human Immortalized Non-tumorigenic Keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT), we assessed cell viability following a 3 day incubation period in media containing 25, 50, 75 and 100 μg/ml of total phenolic compounds using a colorimetric MTT assay. These three properties could make the herbs useful in treatment of various diseases like cancer. The tested extracts had significant effects on cell viability, but the effects were dependent not only on the phenolic compound concentration and the edible flowers species, but also on the phenolic compound and antioxidant profiles. In addition, responses differed between cell lines. © 2013 Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien. Source

Jerabek T.,College of Business and Hotel | Trojan J.,Masaryk University | Sperkova R.,Masaryk University
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis | Year: 2013

Multivariate time series forecasting is applied in a wide range of economic activities related to regional competitiveness and is the basis of almost all macroeconomic analysis. From the point of view of political practice is appropriate to seek a model that reached a quality prediction performance for all the variables. As monitored variables were used GDP growth, inflation and interest rates. The paper focuses on performance prediction evaluation of the small open economy New Keynesian DSGE model for the Czech republic, where Bayesian method are used for their parameters estimation, against different types of Bayesian and naive random walk model. The performance of models is identified using historical dates including domestic economy and foreign economy, which is represented by countries of the Eurozone. The results indicate that the DSGE model generates estimates that are competitive with other models used in this paper. Source

Bednarova M.,Brno University of Technology | Borkovcova M.,Mendel University in Brno | Mlcek J.,Tomas Bata University in Zlin | Rop O.,College of Business and Hotel | Zeman L.,Mendel University in Brno
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis | Year: 2013

Since 2002, when the first lecture on entomophagy took place at Mendel University in Brno, till today, participants of these educational lectures were asked to fill questionnaires in order to evaluate interest in entomophagy in Czech Republic and pick suitable species. Analyses of nutritional value of selected species were also performed during this time. The questionnaire was divided into several parts - suitable species, sensory properties, difficulty of breeding and processing and respondents own attitude to the consumption of insect species. For the purpose of this study the questionnaire was evaluated using the semantic differential, so to create a comprehensive picture of each insect species. Based on evaluation of more than 5,000 questionnaires, certain developmental stages of seven species of insect were selected for further evaluation: Tenebrio molitor (TM) larvae, Zophobas morio (ZM) larvae, Gryllus assimillis (GA) nymphs, Locusta migratoria (LM) nymphs, Galleria mellonella (GM) larvae, Bombyx mori (BM) Pupa, Apis mellifera (AM) bee brood, while cockroaches were completely excluded for use in entomophagy. Although they are easy to breed and are available all year-round, consumers showed relatively great disgust. For all of these species, basic nutritional values were analysed, as well as content of amino acids and fattty acids. All parameters were statistically evaluated using ANOVA-1. Each species appears to be suitable for entomophagy for a different reason. Generally speaking, AM, TM and GA were best accepted considering the sensory aspect, nutritional values are interesting especially in BM and GM and TM wins with simplicity of its breeding. Source

Zhang X.J.,Ocean University of China | Zhang X.J.,College of Business and Hotel
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2013

The ecological footprint demand and ecological capacity for the six types of productive land during 2005~2010 are calculated using the ecological footprint model in this paper by taking Dongying City as the example, and the ecological deficit of Dongying City is thereby figured out. Based on this, the indicators such as the ecological footprint of 10k yuan GDP, the ecological pressure index, the ecological diversity index, and the social economic development index, etc representing the sustainable development are calculated and analyzed, to learn that it is not allowed to be optimistic about the ecological environment in Dongying in recent years, as the ecological deficit has increased year after year, and the ecological pressure has become heavier and heavier. However, it is learned through analysis of the ecological footprint of 10k yuan GDP and the social economic development index that under the situation when the ecological pressure on economic growth in the ecological economic system of Dongying is increased, a tendency exists for the consumptive and extensive economic growth pattern to gradually step towards the ecologically intensive pattern, but it is still required to make more efforts in the aspects of reducing the ecological footprint demand and improving the ecological capacity. © (2013) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland. Source

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