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Stotzel S.,Justus Liebig University | Schurink M.,University Utrecht | Wienk H.,University Utrecht | Siebler U.,RI B NT Research Institute of Bioinformatics and Nanotechnology | And 10 more authors.

Heterogeneous mixtures of collagen fragments can be used as nutrition supplement or as key ingredients for ointments with therapeutic relevance in wound healing. Some mixtures of collagen fragments are referred to as collagen hydrolysates owing to the production process with hydrolytic enzymes. Since the precise composition of collagen hydrolysates is generally unknown, it is of interest to analyze samples containing various collagen fragments with appropriate biophysical methods. Any product optimization without a profound knowledge concerning the size and the molecular weight distribution of its components is nearly impossible. It turned out that a combination of AFM methods with NMR techniques is exceptionally suited to examine the size range and the aggregation behavior of the collagen fragments in the hydrolysates of fish, jellyfish, chicken, porcine and bovine collagen. Supported by molecular modeling calculations, the AFM and NMR experiments provide a detailed knowledge about the composition of collagen hydrolysates and collagen ointments. Furthermore, the data allow a correlation between the size of the fragments and their potential bioactivity. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source

Siebert H.-C.,Justus Liebig University | Burg-Roderfeld M.,Justus Liebig University | Eckert T.,Justus Liebig University | Stotzel S.,Justus Liebig University | And 8 more authors.
Protein and Cell

We here present a detailed study of the ligand-receptor interactions between single and triple-helical strands of collagen and the α2A domain of integrin (α2A), providing valuable new insights into the mechanisms and dynamics of collagen-integrin binding at a sub-molecular level. The occurrence of single and triple-helical strands of the collagen fragments was scrutinized with atom force microscopy (AFM) techniques. Strong interactions of the triple-stranded fragments comparable to those of collagen can only be detected for the 42mer triple-helical collagen-like peptide under study (which contains 42 amino acid residues per strand) by solid phase assays as well as by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) measurements. However, changes in NMR signals during titration and characteristic saturation transfer difference (STD) NMR signals are also detectable when α2A is added to a solution of the 21mer single-stranded collagen fragment. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations employing different sets of force field parameters were applied to study the interaction between triple-helical or single-stranded collagen fragments with α2A. It is remarkable that even single-stranded collagen fragments can form various complexes with α2A showing significant differences in the complex stability with identical ligands. The results of MD simulations are in agreement with the signal alterations in our NMR experiments, which are indicative of the formation of weak complexes between single-stranded collagen and α2A in solution. These results provide useful information concerning possible interactions of α2A with small collagen fragments that are of relevance to the design of novel therapeutic A-domain inhibitors. © 2010 Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Schunck M.,Collagen Research Institute | Zague V.,University of Sao Paulo | Oesser S.,Collagen Research Institute | Proksch E.,University of Kiel
Journal of Medicinal Food

In this double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study, we investigated the efficacy of specific bioactive collagen peptides (BCP) on the cellulite treatment of normal and overweight women. In total, 105 women aged 24-50 years with moderate cellulite were randomized to orally receive a daily dosage of 2.5 g BCP or a placebo over 6 months. The degree of cellulite was evaluated before starting the treatment and after 3 and 6 months of intake. In addition, skin waviness, dermal density, and the length of subcutaneous borderline were assessed. BCP treatment led to a statistically significant decrease in the degree of cellulite and a reduced skin waviness on thighs (P < 0.05) in normal weight women. Moreover, dermal density was significantly improved (P < 0.05) compared to placebo. The subcutaneous borderline showed a significant shortening after BCP intake compared to the beginning of the study, indicating cellulite improvement, but the data failed to reach statistical significance compared to placebo. The efficacy of BCP treatment was also confirmed in overweight women, although the impact was less pronounced in comparison with women of normal body weight. The results of the study demonstrated that a regular ingestion of BCP over a period of 6 months led to a clear improvement of the skin appearance in women suffering from moderate cellulite. Based on the current data, it can be concluded that a long-term therapy with orally administered BCP leads to an improvement of cellulite and has a positive impact on skin health. © Copyright 2015, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. and Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition 2015. Source

Proksch E.,University of Kiel | Schunck M.,Collagen Research Institute | Zague V.,University of Sao Paulo | Segger D.,Skin Investigation and Technology | And 2 more authors.
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology

Dietary consumption of food supplements has been found to modulate skin functions and can therefore be useful in the treatment of skin aging. However, there is only a limited number of clinical studies supporting these claims. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study, the effectiveness of the specific bioactive collagen peptide (BCP) VERISOL® on eye wrinkle formation and stimulation of procollagen I, elastin and fibrillin biosynthesis in the skin was assessed. A hundred and fourteen women aged 45-65 years were randomized to receive 2.5 g of BCP or placebo, once daily for 8 weeks, with 57 subjects being allocated to each treatment group. Skin wrinkles were objectively measured in all subjects, before starting the treatment, after 4 and 8 weeks as well as 4 weeks after the last intake (4-week regression phase). A subgroup was established for suction blister biopsies analyzing procollagen I, elastin and fibrillin at the beginning of the treatment and after 8 weeks of intake. The ingestion of the specific BCP used in this study promoted a statistically significant reduction of eye wrinkle volume (p < 0.05) in comparison to the placebo group after 4 and 8 weeks (20%) of intake. Moreover a positive long-lasting effect was observed 4 weeks after the last BCP administration (p < 0.05). Additionally, after 8 weeks of intake a statistically significantly higher content of procollagen type I (65%) and elastin (18%) in the BCP-treated volunteers compared to the placebo-treated patients was detected. For fibrillin, a 6% increase could be determined after BCP treatment compared to the placebo, but this effect failed to reach the level of statistical significance. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that the oral intake of specific bioactive collagen peptides (Verisol®) reduced skin wrinkles and had positive effects on dermal matrix synthesis. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

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