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The genera Parandrocephalus Heller, 1916 and Hexamitodera Heller, 1896 are reviewed and redescribed. Based on the combination of chromatic sexual dimorphism, velvety pubescence on the whole dorsal body and distinctly developed carina on the elytra, Parandrocephalus blairi Bentanachs & Vives, 2009 is transferred to Hexamitodera. A new subgenus, Sulcognatha Perger, is instituted to accommodate mandible, head and metasternal modifications in H. blairi comb n. That are lacking in the type species of Hexamitodera, H. semivelutina. As indicated by fundamental structural differences in the mandibles of Parandrocephalus and H. (Sulcognatha) blairi comb. n., the exaggerated secondary sexual traits and open procoxal cavities in both taxa are presumably the result of convergent evolution. Contrary to Bentanachs & Vives (2009), the presence of the two Parandrocephalus species in Sundaland and the endemism of Hexamitodera on Sulawesi agree well with the zoogeographical separation of both areas by the Wallace line. Source


Perger R.,Coleccion Boliviana de Fauna | Grossi P.C.,Federal University of Parana | Grossi P.C.,Federal University of Mato Grosso
ZooKeys | Year: 2013

The genus Oryctophileurus is reviewed and its validity is supported by a combination of the following apomorphic characters: a single cephalic horn with lateral carina, pronotal cavity with ocellate punctures and two teeth or tubercles close behind the anterior pronotal margin. The male of Oryctophileurus varicosus Prell, 1934, is described for the first time. A new species, Oryctophileurus guerrai Perger & Grossi sp. n., from subhumid Tucuman-Bolivian forest in the Southern Bolivian Andes is described. The new species is distinguished from its closest relative, O. armicollis Prell, 1911, by a narrower distance between the inner teeth of the dorsal pronotal protuberances and a reduced area of weakly developed ocellate punctures above the posterolateral pronotal margin. The occurrence of Oryctophileurus species in areas of endemism along the eastern slope of the tropical Andes suggests that these populations represent biogeographic "relicts", and the discovery of Oryctophileurus guerrai sp. n. in the southern Bolivian Andes suggests that this area is underrated with respect to insect diversity and endemism. © Robert Perger, Paschoal C. Grossi. Source


Marino J.,University of Oxford | Bennett M.,University of Oxford | Cossios D.,University of Montreal | Iriarte A.,University of Chile | And 5 more authors.
Diversity and Distributions | Year: 2011

Aim To identify the bioclimatic niche of the endangered Andean cat (Leopardus jacobita), one of the rarest and least known felids in the world, by developing a species distribution model. Location South America, High Andes and Patagonian steppe. Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina. Methods We used 108 Andean cat records to build the models, and 27 to test them, applying the Maxent algorithm to sets of uncorrelated bioclimatic variables from global databases, including elevation. We based our biogeographical interpretations on the examination of the predicted geographic range, the modelled response curves and latitudinal variations in climatic variables associated with the locality data. Results Simple bioclimatic models for Andean cats were highly predictive with only 3-4 explanatory variables. The climatic niche of the species was defined by extreme diurnal variations in temperature, cold minimum and moderate maximum temperatures, and aridity, characteristic not only of the Andean highlands but also of the Patagonian steppe. Argentina had the highest representation of suitable climates, and Chile the lowest. The most favourable conditions were centrally located and spanned across international boundaries. Discontinuities in suitable climatic conditions coincided with three biogeographical barriers associated with climatic or topographic transitions. Main conclusions Simple bioclimatic models can produce useful predictions of suitable climatic conditions for rare species, including major biogeographical constraints. In our study case, these constraints are also known to affect the distribution of other Andean species and the genetic structure of Andean cat populations. We recommend surveys of areas with suitable climates and no Andean cat records, including the corridor connecting two core populations. The inclusion of landscape variables at finer scales, crucially the distribution of Andean cat prey, would contribute to refine our predictions for conservation applications. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source


Salazar-Bravo J.,Texas Tech University | Vargas J.,Coleccion Boliviana de Fauna | Jimenez-Ruiz A.,Southern Illinois University Carbondale | Savage J.M.,Rana Dorada Enterprises
Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad | Year: 2010

We report a range extension of Atractus boettgeri, a rare snake endemic to Bolivia. This species differs from Atractus taeniatus by a higher segmental count (well outside the range for A. taeniatus) and by having only 6 maxillary teeth as opposed to 8-9 in A. taeniatus. In addition, A. boettgeri differs from A. emmeli in having 6-6 supralabials (versus 7-7) and fewer ventrals (175-177 versus 181-189 in females). All known records of A. boettgeri indicate an association between this species and the Cerrado vegetation of central Bolivia. This report is also unique in that the specimen reported herein was found in the stomach of a Common Long-Nosed Armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus). Source


Piacentini L.N.,Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia | Avila Calero S.L.,Coleccion Boliviana de Fauna | Perez M.E.,Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado | Grismado C.J.,Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia
Zootaxa | Year: 2013

The araneomorph spider family Palpimanidae is reported from Bolivia for the first time. Two new species: Otiothops kath-iae and O. naokii are described and illustrated based on specimens recently collected in Santa Cruz Department. Addition-ally, Fernandezina pulchra Birabén, 1951 previously known only from Formosa, in northern Argentina, is newly recorded from Santa Cruz, and the female is described for the first time. Potential relationships with previously described species are also briefly discussed. Copyright © 2013 Magnolia Press. Source

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