Cantanhede, Portugal
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Reis F.,University of Coimbra | Reis F.,University of Porto | Ferreira L.,University of Coimbra | Teixeira-De-Lemos E.,University of Coimbra | And 14 more authors.
Mediators of Inflammation | Year: 2010

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the chronic effect of sitagliptin on metabolic profile, inflammation, and redox status in the Zucker Diabetic Fatty (ZDF) rat, an animal model of obese type 2 diabetes. Diabetic and obese ZDF (fa/fa) rats and their controls (ZDF +/+) were treated during 6 weeks with vehicle (control) and sitagliptin (10mg/kg/bw). Glucose, HbA1c, insulin, Total-c, TGs, IL-1β, TNF-α, CRPhs, and adiponectin were assessed in serum and MDA and TAS in serum, pancreas, and heart. Pancreatic histology was also evaluated. Sitagliptin in diabetic rats promoted a decrease in glucose, HbA1c, Total-c, and TGs accompanied by a partial prevention of insulinopenia, together, with a decrease in CRPhs and IL-1β. Sitagliptin also showed a positive impact on lipid peroxidation and hypertension prevention. In conclusion, chronic sitagliptin treatment corrected the glycaemic dysmetabolism, hypertriglyceridaemia, inflammation, and hypertension, reduced the severity of the histopathological lesions of pancreatic endocrine and exocrine tissues, together with a favourable redox status, which might be a further advantage in the management of diabetes and its proatherogenic comorbidities. Copyright © 2010 Liliana Ferreira et al.

Velada I.,University of Aveiro | Velada I.,Coimbra Genomics | Capela-Silva F.,University of Évora | Reis F.,University of Coimbra | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Comparative Pathology | Year: 2011

Avian tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) is a skeletal disease characterized by disruption of endochondral bone formation. The aim of this study was to determine the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) macromolecules and ECM-degrading enzymes [matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)] in the growth plates of normal and TD-affected 3-week-old broiler chicks (Cobb strain). Protein levels were analyzed by immunoblotting and gelatin zymography and gene expression by polymerase chain reaction. Expression of genes encoding the ECM macromolecules (collagen types II, IX, X and XI; and aggrecan) was not altered in dyschondroplasia; however, there was down-regulation of genes encoding MMP-9, MMP-13, MMP-10 and MMP-11 in addition to reduced amounts of MMP-2 and MMP-13 proteins. In contrast, there was up-regulation of genes encoding MMP-7 and the vascular endothelial growth factor. These findings suggest that the accumulation of cartilage associated with the disease may be the result of decreased proteolysis due to the down-regulation of MMPs and not to an increased production of ECM macromolecules. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

PubMed | Institute of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Maria Sklodowska Curie Memorial Cancer Center and Institute, Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena, Coimbra Genomics and ZytoVision GmbH
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncology letters | Year: 2016

Acquired copy number changes are common in acute leukemia. They are reported as recurrent amplifications or deletions (del), and may be indicative of involvement of oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes in acquired disease, as well as serving as potential biomarkers for prognosis or as targets for molecular therapy. The present study reported a gain of copy number of 14q13 to 14q32, leading to immunoglobulin heavy chain locus splitting in a young adult female. To the best of our knowledge, this rearrangement has not been previously reported in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Low resolution banding cytogenetics performed at the time of diagnosis revealed a normal karyotype. However, retrospective application of fluorescence

Parada B.,University of Coimbra | Reis F.,University of Coimbra | Reis F.,University of Porto | Figueiredo A.,University of Coimbra | And 12 more authors.
BJU International | Year: 2011

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anticarcinogenic effects of sirolimus 2 mg/kg/day on a rat model of urinary bladder carcinogenesis induced with N-butyl-N(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine (BBN). MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-six male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: 1, a control group (eight), given tap water only; 2, a sirolimus control group (eight), given 2 mg/kg/day; 3, a carcinogen (BBN) group (12) exposed to 0.05% BBN; 4, a treatment group (sirolimus/BBN; eight) given 2 mg/kg/day + 0.05% BBN. In the tumour-induction phase, from week 1 to week 8, rats from groups 3 and 4 received BBN ad libitum in drinking water. In the treatment phase, from week 8 to week 20, rats from groups 2 and 4 received sirolimus 2 mg/kg/day by an oesophageal cannula. At week 20 the rats were killed humanely, and the number and size of tumours recorded. The bladders were collected for histological, immunohistochemical and gene expression evaluation. Blood was collected for the determination of several serum proliferative and inflammatory markers. Lipid peroxidation, through serum malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and total antioxidant status (TAS) were also evaluated. RESULTS Sirolimus caused a marked inhibition of bladder tumour growth. When compared with group 3, group 4 had a reduced proportion of rats with tumour (three of eight vs eight of 12), and significantly fewer tumours per rat, with a mean (sd) of 1.00 (0.0) vs 1.88 (0.35), and tumour volume per tumour, of 0.30 (0.11) vs 66.1 (48.9) mm3, with less aggressive histological changes, i.e. a marked reduction in hyperplasia (four of eight vs 12/12), high-grade dysplasia (four of eight vs 11/12) and urothelial tumour. Rats in group 4 had no infiltrative bladder cancers and had a lower incidence of high-grade tumours than rats in group 3. The rats in group 4 had decreased serum levels of transforming growth factor-β1, higher levels of tumour necrosis factor-α, and higher levels of serum TAS and a better serum MDA/TAS ratio, a marker of more favourable redox status. Furthermore, the down-regulation of bladder caspase 3 gene expression and the increased Ki67 immunostaining in group 3 were significantly attenuated in group 4. CONCLUSIONS Sirolimus given as an oral agent, 2 mg/kg/day, significantly inhibited rat bladder carcinogenesis. Sirolimus reduced the number and volume of tumours and induced a less aggressive histological behaviour. This might be due to antiproliferative and antioxidant properties, as well as to the restoration of apoptotic pathways. © 2010 BJU International.

Coimbra Genomics | Entity website

ISRAEL A large academic hospital serving the over 2 million residents of Northern Israel and providing comprehensive medical services in all medical specialties, being the tertiary referral center for 12 district hospitals

Coimbra Genomics | Entity website

Coimbra Genomics aims to bring individualised medicine to the desktop of every doctor. We develop tools that bridge genomic knowledge and medical practice, making it easy for any physician to make important decisions adapted to each patients genetic makeup ...

Coimbra Genomics | Entity website

PhD in Genetics from the University of Lisbon (Portugal), consisting in the investigation of the genetic factors underlying susceptibility to Autism Spectrum Disorders. Broad knowledge and expertise in Human genetics, with solid laboratory experience in genetic/genomic technologies, strong skills in bioinformatics and genetic analysis of large population samples, and extensive in the management of population databases and biological repositories

PubMed | University of Aveiro, Centro Hospitalar iversitario Of Coimbra Chuc and Coimbra Genomics
Type: Journal Article | Journal: American journal of obstetrics and gynecology | Year: 2015

This study aimed at determining the relationship between fetal chromosomal disorders (CDs), including trisomy 21 (T21), and on first- and second-trimester maternal blood plasma, to identify the time-course metabolic adaptations to the conditions and the possible new plasma biomarkers. Furthermore, a definition of a joint circulatory (plasma) and excretory (urine) metabolic description of second-trimester CDs was sought.Plasma was obtained for 119 pregnant women: 74 controls and 45 CD cases, including 22 T21 cases. Plasma and lipid extracts (for T21 only) were analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and data were handled by variable selection and multivariate analysis. Correlation analysis was used on a concatenated plasma/urine matrix descriptive of second-trimester CD, based on previously obtained urine data.CD cases were accompanied by enhanced lipid -oxidation (increased ketone bodies) and underutilization of glucose, pyruvate, and citrate. Lower circulating high-density lipoprotein levels were noted, along with changes in the proline and methanol in the first trimester, and also the urea, creatinine, acetate, and low-density lipoprotein plus very low-density lipoprotein in the second trimester and the different urea and creatinine levels, suggesting fetal renal dysfunction. In terms of plasma composition, T21 cases were indistinguishable from other CDs in the first trimester, whereas in the second trimester, increased methanol and albumin may be T21 specific. Furthermore, first-trimester lipid extracts of T21 showed decreased levels of 18:2 fatty acids, whereas in the second trimester, lower levels of 20:4 and 22:6 fatty acids were noted, possibly indicative of inflammation mechanisms. In both trimesters, high classification rates for CDs (88-89%) and T21 (85-92%) generally relied on variable selection of nuclear magnetic resonance data. Plasma/urine correlations confirmed most metabolic deviations and unveiled possible new ones regarding low-density lipoprotein plus very low-density lipoprotein, sugar, and gut-microflora metabolisms.This work partially confirmed previously reported data on first-trimester T21 and provided additional information on time-course metabolic changes accompanying CD and T21, in particular regarding plasma lipid composition. These results demonstrate the potential of plasma metabolomics in monitoring and characterizing CD cases; however, validation in larger cohorts is desirable.

Coimbra Genomics | Entity website

Coimbra Genomics has developedELSIE, a clinical decision support system based on a patients whole genome sequence. One patient, one genome, personalised answers ...

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