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Cantanhede, Portugal

Velada I.,University of Aveiro | Velada I.,Coimbra Genomics | Capela-Silva F.,University of Evora | Reis F.,University of Coimbra | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Comparative Pathology | Year: 2011

Avian tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) is a skeletal disease characterized by disruption of endochondral bone formation. The aim of this study was to determine the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) macromolecules and ECM-degrading enzymes [matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)] in the growth plates of normal and TD-affected 3-week-old broiler chicks (Cobb strain). Protein levels were analyzed by immunoblotting and gelatin zymography and gene expression by polymerase chain reaction. Expression of genes encoding the ECM macromolecules (collagen types II, IX, X and XI; and aggrecan) was not altered in dyschondroplasia; however, there was down-regulation of genes encoding MMP-9, MMP-13, MMP-10 and MMP-11 in addition to reduced amounts of MMP-2 and MMP-13 proteins. In contrast, there was up-regulation of genes encoding MMP-7 and the vascular endothelial growth factor. These findings suggest that the accumulation of cartilage associated with the disease may be the result of decreased proteolysis due to the down-regulation of MMPs and not to an increased production of ECM macromolecules. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Coimbra Genomics | Entity website

ELSIE is a simple-to-use platform that can help your physician make more personalised diagnoses and prognoses, as well as adjust treatments and prescriptions based on your unique genomic information. The genome is the sum of all genetic information carried by an organism ...

Coimbra Genomics | Entity website

PhD in Genetics from the University of Lisbon (Portugal), consisting in the investigation of the genetic factors underlying susceptibility to Autism Spectrum Disorders. Broad knowledge and expertise in Human genetics, with solid laboratory experience in genetic/genomic technologies, strong skills in bioinformatics and genetic analysis of large population samples, and extensive in the management of population databases and biological repositories

Coimbra Genomics | Entity website

Coimbra Genomics has developedELSIE, a clinical decision support system based on a patients whole genome sequence. One patient, one genome, personalised answers ...

Parada B.,University of Coimbra | Reis F.,University of Coimbra | Reis F.,University of Porto | Figueiredo A.,University of Coimbra | And 12 more authors.
BJU International | Year: 2011

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anticarcinogenic effects of sirolimus 2 mg/kg/day on a rat model of urinary bladder carcinogenesis induced with N-butyl-N(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine (BBN). MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-six male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: 1, a control group (eight), given tap water only; 2, a sirolimus control group (eight), given 2 mg/kg/day; 3, a carcinogen (BBN) group (12) exposed to 0.05% BBN; 4, a treatment group (sirolimus/BBN; eight) given 2 mg/kg/day + 0.05% BBN. In the tumour-induction phase, from week 1 to week 8, rats from groups 3 and 4 received BBN ad libitum in drinking water. In the treatment phase, from week 8 to week 20, rats from groups 2 and 4 received sirolimus 2 mg/kg/day by an oesophageal cannula. At week 20 the rats were killed humanely, and the number and size of tumours recorded. The bladders were collected for histological, immunohistochemical and gene expression evaluation. Blood was collected for the determination of several serum proliferative and inflammatory markers. Lipid peroxidation, through serum malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and total antioxidant status (TAS) were also evaluated. RESULTS Sirolimus caused a marked inhibition of bladder tumour growth. When compared with group 3, group 4 had a reduced proportion of rats with tumour (three of eight vs eight of 12), and significantly fewer tumours per rat, with a mean (sd) of 1.00 (0.0) vs 1.88 (0.35), and tumour volume per tumour, of 0.30 (0.11) vs 66.1 (48.9) mm3, with less aggressive histological changes, i.e. a marked reduction in hyperplasia (four of eight vs 12/12), high-grade dysplasia (four of eight vs 11/12) and urothelial tumour. Rats in group 4 had no infiltrative bladder cancers and had a lower incidence of high-grade tumours than rats in group 3. The rats in group 4 had decreased serum levels of transforming growth factor-β1, higher levels of tumour necrosis factor-α, and higher levels of serum TAS and a better serum MDA/TAS ratio, a marker of more favourable redox status. Furthermore, the down-regulation of bladder caspase 3 gene expression and the increased Ki67 immunostaining in group 3 were significantly attenuated in group 4. CONCLUSIONS Sirolimus given as an oral agent, 2 mg/kg/day, significantly inhibited rat bladder carcinogenesis. Sirolimus reduced the number and volume of tumours and induced a less aggressive histological behaviour. This might be due to antiproliferative and antioxidant properties, as well as to the restoration of apoptotic pathways. © 2010 BJU International. Source

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