Cognitive Impairment Center

Treviso, Italy

Cognitive Impairment Center

Treviso, Italy
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Gallucci M.,Cognitive Impairment Center | Gallucci M.,Local Health Authority n | Di Battista M.E.,Cognitive Impairment Center | Di Battista M.E.,Local Health Authority n | And 6 more authors.
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition | Year: 2017

Most of the studies about conversion from Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to dementia have focused on amnestic MCI (aMCI) which is considered a preclinical phase of Alzheimer’s disease. The aim of the present study was to identify neuropsychological tools that would best predict conversion from aMCI to dementia. Fifty-five aMCI subjects on the Treviso Dementia Registry were investigated. They underwent a neuropsychological evaluation during their first assessment and again at follow-up. Cox proportional-hazard regression models were created to measure the association between the dependent variable (dementia diagnosis or MCI status maintenance) and the neuropsychological test scores at baseline. The sample (28 women and 27 men; mean age 76.82 ± 5.88 years; education 7.62 ± 3.99 years) was observed for an average time of 2.17 ± 1.25 years. A Cox backward stepwise regression showed that the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, Delayed Recall (p = .041) and Semantic Verbal Fluency tests (p = .031) appear to be useful in predicting conversion to dementia. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Cova I.,University of Milan | Di Battista M.E.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Di Battista M.E.,Cognitive Impairment Center | Vanacore N.,National Institute of Health | And 13 more authors.
Neurological Sciences | Year: 2017

Although non-motor symptoms (NMS) of Parkinson’s disease (PD) are very common also in early stages of the disease, they are still under-recognized. Screening tools for non-motor symptoms, such as non-motor symptoms questionnaire (NMSQuest), help clinicians to recognize NMS and to evaluate if patients could require further assessment or specific treatments. To validate an adapted Italian version of NMSQuest and study its psychometric properties, Italian PD patients self-completed Italian NMSQuest, and then underwent a standard clinical evaluation including motor assessment (by Hoehn and Yahr staging, unified Parkinson’s disease rating scale part III) and non-motor assessment (by Montreal cognitive assessment, Beck depression inventory, neuropsychiatric inventory, Epworth sleepiness scale, scale for outcomes in Parkinson’s disease-Autonomic and movement disorder society-sponsored revision of the unified Parkinson’s disease rating scale part I). Somatic comorbidities were quantified using the modified cumulative illness rating scale (CIRS). Seventy-one subjects were assessed (mean age years 69.8 ± 9.6 SD; 31% women; mean duration of disease 6.3 ± 4.6 years; H&Y median 2). Italian NMSQuest showed adequate satisfactory clinimetrics in terms of data quality, precision, acceptability, internal consistency and reliability. A significant correlation was found between NMSQuest and most of non-motor assessment scales, while no significant correlation appeared with motor severity as well as with age of patients, disease duration, levodopa equivalent daily dose, l-DOPA/dopamine agonists assumption and CIRS total score. The Italian version of the NMSQuest resulted as a reliable instrument for screening NMS in Italian PD patients. © 2017 Springer-Verlag Italia

PubMed | Cognitive Impairment Center and Villa Santa Maria Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD | Year: 2016

The pharmacological treatment of Alzheimers disease (AD) is based largely on cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEI).To investigate whether or not some non-pharmacological and contextual factors measured prior to starting treatment such as past occupation, lifestyles, marital status, degree of autonomy and cognitive impairment, living alone or with others, and the degree of brain atrophy are associated with a better response to ChEI treatment.Eighty-four AD and six AD with cerebrovascular disease (AD +CVD) outpatients of Treviso Dementia (TREDEM) Registry, with an average cholinesterase inhibitors treatment length of four years, were considered. The outpatients had undergone a complete evaluation and some non-pharmacological and contextual factors were collected. We defined responder a patient with a delta score T0 - T1 equal or inferior to 2.0 points per year of MMSE and a non-responder a patient with a delta score T0 - T1 superior to 2.0 points per year. In order to identify hidden relationships between variables related to response and non-response, we use a special kind of artificial neural network called Auto-CM, able to create a semantic connectivity map of the variables considered in the study.A higher cognitive profile, a previous intellectual occupation, healthier lifestyles, being married and not living alone, a higher degree of autonomy, and lower degree of brain atrophy at baseline resulted in affecting the response to long-term ChEI therapy.Non-pharmacological and contextual factors appear to influence the effectiveness of treatment with ChEI in the long term.

Spagnolo P.,Cognitive Impairment Center | Spagnolo P.,Local Health Authority | Arico M.,Cognitive Impairment Center | Arico M.,Local Health Authority | And 9 more authors.
NeuroRehabilitation | Year: 2015

OBJECTIVES: Cognitive Stimulation (CS) trainings are non-pharmacological treatments widely used in dementia care. 3R Mental Stimulation is a particular type of CS, which consists of sequential association of ROT, Reminiscence and Remotivation during the same session. This pilot study sought to investigate whether CS, based on 3R program, could benefit cognitive functions, autonomy and behavioral disorders. METHOD: 3R-CS treatment was applied to 36 patients, which are part of the 'TREDEM' study sample, and their caregivers. All patients received a multidimensional assessment consisting of a socio-demographic, clinical and neuropsychological data collection. RESULTS: After CS treatment a significant improvement was detected in cognition and autonomy in basic activities of daily living. Caregiver distress was decreased. Behavioral disturbances were reduced even when considering a potential confounding factor such as treatment with anticholinesterase or NMDA receptor antagonist drugs. CONCLUSION: The findings demonstrated that 3R-CS can benefit cognitive functions and level of autonomy in the basic activities of daily living and also it can reduce behavioral disorders and caregiver's distress. © 2015 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

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