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Figueiredo A.,University of Lisbon | Loureiro A.,CIFC Biotrop IICT Institute Investigacao Cientifica Tropical | Batista D.,CIFC Biotrop IICT Institute Investigacao Cientifica Tropical | Monteiro F.,University of Lisbon | And 4 more authors.
BMC Research Notes | Year: 2013

Background: Coffee production in Africa represents a significant share of the total export revenues and influences the lives of millions of people, yet severe socio-economic repercussions are annually felt in result of the overall losses caused by the coffee berry disease (CBD). This quarantine disease is caused by the fungus Colletotrichum kahawae Waller and Bridge, which remains one of the most devastating threats to Coffea arabica production in Africa at high altitude, and its dispersal to Latin America and Asia represents a serious concern. Understanding the molecular genetic basis of coffee resistance to this disease is of high priority to support breeding strategies. Selection and validation of suitable reference genes presenting stable expression in the system studied is the first step to engage studies of gene expression profiling. Results: In this study, a set of ten genes (S24, 14-3-3, RPL7, GAPDH, UBQ9, VATP16, SAND, UQCC, IDE and β-Tub9) was evaluated to identify reference genes during the first hours of interaction (12, 48 and 72 hpi) between resistant and susceptible coffee genotypes and C. kahawae. Three analyses were done for the selection of these genes considering the entire dataset and the two genotypes (resistant and susceptible), separately. The three statistical methods applied GeNorm, NormFinder, and BestKeeper, allowed identifying IDE as one of the most stable genes for all datasets analysed, and in contrast GADPH and UBQ9 as the least stable ones. In addition, the expression of two defense-related transcripts, encoding for a receptor like kinase and a pathogenesis related protein 10, were used to validate the reference genes selected. Conclusion: Taken together, our results provide guidelines for reference gene(s) selection towards a more accurate and widespread use of qPCR to study the interaction between Coffea spp. and C. kahawae. © 2013 Figueiredo et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Lashermes P.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | Combes M.-C.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | Ansaldi C.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | Gichuru E.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | And 3 more authors.
Molecular Breeding | Year: 2011

The transfer of desired traits from related wild diploid Coffea species into the cultivated allotetraploid C. arabica is essential in coffee breeding to develop pest/disease-resistant cultivars. The present work is an attempt to gain insights into alien introgression in C. arabica. An F2 population derived from a cross between T5296 and Et6 was analysed with simple sequence repeat (SSR; microsatellite) and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) molecular markers. The T5296 is a derivative of an interspecific hybrid introgressed by the diploid C. canephora species and Et6 is a wild Ethiopian accession of C. arabica. The origin of the revealed polymorphism was determined by comparisons using representative accessions from C. arabica and its two diploid parental species, C. eugenioides and C. canephora. The number and mode of inheritance of canephora-introgressed segments were investigated, as well as their sub-genome localisation and rate of recombination. The results suggested that the transfer of desirable genes into C. arabica from C. canephora is not limited by the ploidy level differences or the suppression of recombination between the different genomes. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

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