CODEBIO CO.

Tenan, South Korea

CODEBIO CO.

Tenan, South Korea

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Lee H.-Y.,Chonbuk National University | Chae H.-J.,Chonbuk National University | Park S.-Y.,CODEBIO CO. | Kim J.-H.,Chonbuk National University
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2016

Background: Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by decreased bone strength, decreased bone mass, and bone deterioration. Oxidative damage is an important contributor to functional changes in the development of osteoporosis. Here we found that porcine placenta hydrolysates (PPHs) protect MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative damage. Methods: In vitro cell viability was determined using trypan blue dye exclusion. ER stress and apoptosis were evaluated using immunoblotting and a commercially available caspase kit. ALP, osteocalcin, Runx2, and osterix expression levels were evaluated by RT-PCR using isolated RNA. ROS, NADPH oxidase, and SOD activity levels were also measured. Results: We investigated the mechanisms underlying PPH-mediated inhibition of H2O2-induced ER stress and ROS production. PPHs also regulated osteoblast differentiation via the upregulation of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) expression in MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells. Also, treatment with PPHs enhanced the transcription of osteocalcin, Runx2, and osterix. These effects were all associated with the antioxidant actions of PPHs. Moreover, PPHs reversed the decrease in SOD activity, decreased ROS release, and inhibited NADPH oxidase activity in H2O2-treated MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells. Conclusions: PPHs protect cells against H2O2-induced cell damage when ER stress is involved. In addition, PPHs enhance osteoblast differentiation. This enhancement likely explains the regulatory effect of PPHs on bone metabolism disturbances, i.e. PPHs control ER stress and the related ROS production in osteoblasts. © 2016 The Author(s).


Park S.,Hoseo University | Park S.Y.,CodeBio Co. | Kim K.S.,CodeBio Co. | Seo G.Y.,CodeBio Co. | Kang S.,Hoseo University
Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry | Year: 2014

Although rose hip administration reduces pain and stiffness in patients with osteoarthritis, the mechanism of rose hip to alleviate primary symptoms has not been investigated. We examined how two types of Rosa canina, grown in Denmark (I-Flex) and Coesam in Chile, attenuate the osteoarthritis symptoms in male rats with osteoarthritis. Therefore pain-related behaviors were evaluated, and histological changes and cytokine expression in the articular cartilage of right knee induced osteoarthritis were assessed via intra-articular monoiodoacetate (MIA) injection. The right knee induced swollen knee, limping legs, and disproportional weight distribution into the right hind paw, and reduced maximum velocity to run on a treadmill from day 3 after MIA injection. The symptoms were exacerbated up to about 2 weeks and remained steady until day 21. Overall the osteoarthritis symptoms in MIA-injected control rats did not significantly change over the experimental period. After 21 days, bone mineral density in right leg and knee had greatly decreased in rats injected with MIA. These symptoms were related to increased expression of matrix metalloprotinase (MMP)-3 and MMP-13 in articular cartilage that degraded collage and elevated the production of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6. However, both types of rose hip markedly attenuated all of the symptoms experienced by the control and overall symptoms from day 3 were improved at day 21. However, some symptoms of osteoarthrit remained and there was no difference between both rose hips for alleviating osteoarthritis symptoms. In conclusion, rose hips from Denmark and Coesam in Chile are potential therapeutic agents for the protection of articular cartilage against progression of osteoarthritis. © 2014 The Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry.


Joo T.,Kangwon National University | Sowndhararajan K.,Kangwon National University | Hong S.,Kangwon National University | Lee J.,Kangwon National University | And 3 more authors.
Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences | Year: 2014

This study was designed to isolate and identify a potent inhibitory compound against nitric oxide (NO) production from the stem bark of Ulmus pumila L. Ethyl acetate fraction of hot water extract registered a higher level of total phenolics (756.93mg GAE/g) and also showed strong DPPH (IC50 at 5.6μg/mL) and ABTS (TEAC value 0.9703) radical scavenging activities than other fractions. Crude extract and its fractions significantly decreased nitrite accumulation in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells indicating that they potentially inhibited the NO production in a concentration dependent manner. Based on higher inhibitory activity, the ethyl acetate fraction was subjected to Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and yielded seven fractions and all these fractions registered appreciable levels of inhibitory activity on NO production. The most effective fraction F1 was further purified and subjected to 1H, 13C-NMR and mass spectrometry analysis and the compound was identified as icariside E4. The results suggest that the U. pumila extract and the isolated compound icariside E4 effectively inhibited the NO production and may be useful in preventing inflammatory diseases mediated by excessive production of NO. © 2014.


PubMed | CODEBIO CO., Chonbuk National University and Wonkwang University
Type: | Journal: BMC complementary and alternative medicine | Year: 2016

In bone metabolism, Ca(2+) disturbance and oxidative damage are the main biochemical factors related to pathology. Osteoblasts are bone-forming cells that also control bone endocrinology. Endocrine hormones and proteins are matured, folded, and secreted in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). ER stress has emerged as a new pathological mechanism to explain bone disturbance. Here we studied the role of porcine placenta hydrolysates (PPHs) in the regulation of ER stress.Cell viability was determined in vitro using trypan blue dye exclusion. ER stress and apoptosis were evaluated using immunoblotting and a caspase kit. The fluorescent Ca(2+)-binding dye Fura-2/AM was used to measure changes in intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i). ROS levels, NADPH oxidase activity, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were also measured.PPHs protected MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells against thapsigargin (Tg)-induced ER stress. Moreover, PPHs regulated caspase-12 and -3 activities, thereby protecting against cell death, and also regulated Tg-induced Ca(2+) release. The Ca(2+) chelator BAPT/AM also regulated caspase-12 and -3 activities and prevented Ca(2) stress-induced cell death. In the presence of PPHs or BAPTA/AM, Ca(2+)-related ROS were also regulated, as demonstrated by alterations in NADPH oxidase and SOD activity.PPHs appear to regulate bone metabolism disturbance by controlling Ca(2+) concentrations, and thus ER stress and ROS, in osteoblasts cultured in vitro.


PubMed | CodeBio Co. and Kangwon National University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Saudi journal of biological sciences | Year: 2014

This study was designed to isolate and identify a potent inhibitory compound against nitric oxide (NO) production from the stem bark of Ulmus pumila L. Ethyl acetate fraction of hot water extract registered a higher level of total phenolics (756.93mg GAE/g) and also showed strong DPPH (IC50 at 5.6g/mL) and ABTS (TEAC value 0.9703) radical scavenging activities than other fractions. Crude extract and its fractions significantly decreased nitrite accumulation in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells indicating that they potentially inhibited the NO production in a concentration dependent manner. Based on higher inhibitory activity, the ethyl acetate fraction was subjected to Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and yielded seven fractions and all these fractions registered appreciable levels of inhibitory activity on NO production. The most effective fraction F1 was further purified and subjected to (1)H, (13)C-NMR and mass spectrometry analysis and the compound was identified as icariside E4. The results suggest that the U. pumila extract and the isolated compound icariside E4 effectively inhibited the NO production and may be useful in preventing inflammatory diseases mediated by excessive production of NO.


PubMed | CODEBIO CO. and Chonbuk National University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: BMC complementary and alternative medicine | Year: 2016

Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by decreased bone strength, decreased bone mass, and bone deterioration. Oxidative damage is an important contributor to functional changes in the development of osteoporosis. Here we found that porcine placenta hydrolysates (PPHs) protect MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative damage.In vitro cell viability was determined using trypan blue dye exclusion. ER stress and apoptosis were evaluated using immunoblotting and a commercially available caspase kit. ALP, osteocalcin, Runx2, and osterix expression levels were evaluated by RT-PCR using isolated RNA. ROS, NADPH oxidase, and SOD activity levels were also measured.We investigated the mechanisms underlying PPH-mediated inhibition of H2O2-induced ER stress and ROS production. PPHs also regulated osteoblast differentiation via the upregulation of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) expression in MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells. Also, treatment with PPHs enhanced the transcription of osteocalcin, Runx2, and osterix. These effects were all associated with the antioxidant actions of PPHs. Moreover, PPHs reversed the decrease in SOD activity, decreased ROS release, and inhibited NADPH oxidase activity in H2O2-treated MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells.PPHs protect cells against H2O2-induced cell damage when ER stress is involved. In addition, PPHs enhance osteoblast differentiation. This enhancement likely explains the regulatory effect of PPHs on bone metabolism disturbances, i.e. PPHs control ER stress and the related ROS production in osteoblasts.

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