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Introduction: In order to provide optimal functionality of all the systems in the developmental care in the first days when they experience a great amount of stress in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), preterm newborns should be laid down in rather special positions. The basic aims of position management in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are to alleviate the pain/ache caused by the treatment/care interventions, minimise the effects of stressors resulting from the environmental factors and facilitate their coping with stress by preserving their postures. This study was planned to assess neonatal intensive care unit nurses’ levels of information regarding therapeutic positions to be applied to preterm newborns. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out with 52 neonatal nurses who worked in NICU in the city of Şanlıurfa and who accepted to participate in the study between September and December 2012 and also is a cross-sectional and descriptive study. Results: While 57.7% of the nurses who participated in the study stated that the fetus was in physiological flexion position in intrauterine period, only 11.5% of them stated that prone, supine and sidelying position are the therapeutic positions that could be applied to preterm babies in the NICU. As for the benefits of creating the correct position for the preterm babies in NICU the nurses stated that it increased the baby’s conditions for dealing with stress (32.7%) and made external line-orientation easier (28.8%). As for the damages of positioning the preterm incorrectly, they stated that it caused motor and behavioural disorders (32.7%) and permanent posture disorders (26.9%). 44.2% of the Nurses stated that during their stay in the intensive care units babies should be in the prone position as recommended by the American Paediatrics Academy (AAP) and 25% of them stated that they should be in the supine position to prevent the risk of sudden infant mortality syndrome after being discharged from the hospital. 67.3% of NICU nurses stated that the period which preterm babies were most reactive to environmental stressors was the first days in NICU whereas 61.5% stated that their bodies should be supported for preterm babies’ development. Conclusions: Nurses working in NICU should be informed regarding the therapeutic positions to be applied in the intensive care unit and after the discharge to support the development process of the preterm neonatal. © The Journal of Current Pediatrics, published by Galenos Publishing. Source

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