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Tucker, GA, United States

Cocrystal Pharma LLC and Emory University | Date: 2015-11-10

The present invention is directed to compounds, compositions and methods for treating or preventing hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in human subjects or other animal hosts. The compounds are as also pharmaceutically acceptable, salts, prodrugs, and other derivatives thereof as pharmaceutical compositions and methods for treatment or prevention of HCV infection.

Schinazi R.F.,Emory University | Schinazi R.F.,Veterans Affairs Medical Center | Sivets G.G.,National Academy of Sciences of Belarus | Detorio M.A.,Emory University | And 4 more authors.
Heterocyclic Communications | Year: 2015

The synthesis of new 2,6-disubstituted purine 2′,3′-dideoxy-2′,3′-difluoro-D-arabino nucleosides is reported. Their ability to block HIV and HCV replication along with their cytotoxicity toward Huh-7 cells, human lymphocyte, CEM and Vero cells was also assessed. Among them, β-2,6-diaminopurine nucleoside 25 and guanosine derivative 27 demonstrate potent anti-HIV-1 activity (EC50 = 0.56 and 0.65 μm; EC90 = 4.2 and 3.1 μm) while displaying only moderate cytotoxicity in primary human lymphocytes. © 2015 by De Gruyter 2015. Source

Boucle S.,Emory University | Tao S.,Emory University | Amblard F.,Emory University | Stanton R.A.,Emory University | And 6 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters | Year: 2015

The design and synthesis of new non-symmetrical NS5A inhibitors with sulfur containing amino acids is reported along with their ability to block HCV replication in an HCV 1b replicon system. These compounds display EC50 values in the picomolar range with a large therapeutic index (>106). Moreover, cellular pharmacology studies show that our preferred compounds intracellularly deliver three potent NS5A inhibitors. © Published by Elsevier Ltd. Source

Ehteshami M.,Emory University | Tao S.,Emory University | Ozturk T.,Emory University | Zhou L.,Emory University | And 15 more authors.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | Year: 2016

Ribonucleoside analog inhibitors (rNAI) target the hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA-dependent RNA polymerase nonstructural protein 5B (NS5B) and cause RNA chain termination. Here, we expand our studies on β-D-2′-C-methyl-2,6-diaminopurine-ribonucleotide (DAPN) phosphoramidate prodrug 1 (PD1) as a novel investigational inhibitor of HCV. DAPN-PD1 is metabolized intracellularly into two distinct bioactive nucleoside triphosphate (TP) analogs. The first metabolite, 2′-C-methyl-GTP, is a wellcharacterized inhibitor of NS5B polymerase, whereas the second metabolite, 2′-C-methyl-DAPN-TP, behaves as an adenosine base analog. In vitro assays suggest that both metabolites are inhibitors of NS5B-mediated RNA polymerization. Additional factors, such as rNAI-TP incorporation efficiencies, intracellular rNAI-TP levels, and competition with natural ribonucleotides, were examined in order to further characterize the potential role of each nucleotide metabolite in vivo. Finally, we found that although both 2′-C-methyl-GTP and 2′-C-methyl-DAPN-TP were weak substrates for human mitochondrial RNA (mtRNA) polymerase (POLRMT) in vitro, DAPN-PD1 did not cause off-target inhibition of mtRNA transcription in Huh-7 cells. In contrast, administration of BMS-986094, which also generates 2′-C-methyl-GTP and previously has been associated with toxicity in humans, caused detectable inhibition of mtRNA transcription. Metabolism of BMS-986094 in Huh-7 cells leads to 87-fold higher levels of intracellular 2′-C-methyl-GTP than DAPN-PD1. Collectively, our data characterize DAPN-PD1 as a novel and potent antiviral agent that combines the delivery of two active metabolites. Copyright © 2016, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Source

Zhou L.,Emory University | Zhang H.-W.,Emory University | Tao S.,Emory University | Bassit L.,Emory University | And 16 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2015

The conversion of selected β-d-2,6-diaminopurine nucleosides (DAPNs) to their phosphoramidate prodrug (PD) substantially blocks the conversion to the G-analog allowing for the generation of two bioactive nucleoside triphosphates (NTPs) in human hepatocytes. A variety of 2′-C-methyl DAPN-PDs were prepared and evaluated for inhibition of HCV viral replication in Huh-7 cells, cytotoxicity in various cell lines, and cellular pharmacology in both Huh-7 and primary human liver cells. The DAPN-PDs were pan-genotypic, effective against various HCV resistant mutants, and resistant variants could not be selected. 2′-C-Me-DAPN-TP and 2′-C-Me-GTP were chain terminators for genotype 1b HCV-pol, and single nucleotide incorporation assays revealed that 2′-C-Me-DAPN-TP was incorporated opposite U. No cytotoxicity was observed with our DAPN-PD when tested up to 50 μM. A novel, DAPN-PD, 15c, has been selected for further evaluation because of its good virologic and toxicologic profile and its ability to deliver two active metabolites, potentially simplifying HCV treatment. © 2015 American Chemical Society. Source

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