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Coconut Creek, FL, United States

Finkl C.W.,Coastal Education and Research Foundation Inc. | Finkl C.W.,Florida Atlantic University | Makowski C.,Coastal Education and Research Foundation Inc. | Makowski C.,Florida Atlantic University
Journal of Coastal Research | Year: 2013

Discussions of coastal hazard impacts commonly emphasize geomorphological, geodynamic, and meteohydrodynamic physical events. A true census of all coastal hazards must also, however, include not-so-obvious biological and anthropogenic impacts. Biological coastal hazards are now more common because increasing human presence along shores fosters contact with hazardous biological flora and fauna. Human-induced hazards, often viewed as normal daily activities, cryptically lead to unwanted erosion and deposition or to the pollution of coastal marine environments. The South Florida Coastal Zone (SFCZ) is a good example of how all three categories of coastal hazards (physical processes, biological ecodynamics, and anthropogenic machinations) collectively constitute a negative-pressure cascade upon the coast. Accurate identification and assessment of coastal hazard cascades is the critical 'first step' in forming effective disaster resilience through public awareness. © Coastal Education & Research Foundation 2013. Source


Vollmer H.M.,Coastal Education and Research Foundation Inc. | Finkl C.W.,Coastal Education and Research Foundation Inc. | Makowski C.,Coastal Education and Research Foundation Inc.
Journal of Coastal Research | Year: 2015

Laser Airborne Depth Sounding (LADS) produces high-resolution x, y, z surface data of seafloor topography that permits interpretation of geomorphological features, benthic environments, and habitats, as well as recognition of cultural features and submarine engineering structures. Because the quality of the resulting surface data depends on the type of processing software, it is worthwhile to consider potential improvements of previous bathymetric imagery displays generated from LADS data. A novel method for formatting, gridding, and exporting LADS data into Surfer® 12 software is shown to produce enhanced quality surfaces that facilitate shaded relief map analysis. This new Surfer 12 shaded relief map creation procedure intensifies the interpretation of submarine geomorphology from LADS bathymetry images in a GIS platform environment. © Coastal Education & Research Foundation 2015. Source

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