Coastal Conservation and Education Foundation Inc.

Cebu City, Philippines

Coastal Conservation and Education Foundation Inc.

Cebu City, Philippines
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Fidler R.Y.,Florida Institute of Technology | Turingan R.G.,Florida Institute of Technology | White A.T.,Coastal Conservation and Education Foundation Inc. | Alava M.N.R.,Coastal Conservation and Education Foundation Inc.
Marine Ecology Progress Series | Year: 2017

Marine protected areas (MPAs) have become critical components of fisheries management programs worldwide. Despite their widespread usage, the performance of MPAs in sustaining fisheries remains debated, partially due to inconsistent results across studies. Here, we aim to standardize conclusions regarding MPA performance throughout the Philippines using a 'reef-wide' meta-analysis. This analysis uses pooled visual census data from 39 matched pairs of MPAs and fished reefs surveyed twice over a mean period of 3 yr, allowing for the comparison of abundance and demographic structure of fishes across both protected and fished areas over time. The meta-analysis revealed that (1) although fish density was higher inside MPAs within individual sampling periods, reef-wide fish density generally either increased or remained stable over time, and (2) reef-wide increases in large-bodied fish were evident between survey periods, indicating positive demographic shifts within both MPAs and adjacent areas. These results suggest that, over relatively few years of protection, MPAs in the Philippines are able to promote beneficial shifts in fish population structure throughout entire reef systems rather than simply maintaining stable populations within their borders. Demonstrating such benefits to adjacent reefs is critically important to the success of MPAs in the Philippines because compliance with closures of fishing grounds increases with realized benefits to fishing communities. The reef-wide framework of MPA assessment demonstrated in this study presents the advantages of including adjacent fisheries as integrated components when quantifying MPA performance, revealing trends that are indistinguishable when using spatial comparisons between MPAs and fished reefs. © Inter-Research 2017.


Maypa A.P.,Coastal Conservation and Education Foundation Inc. | Maypa A.P.,University of Hawaii at Manoa | White A.T.,The Nature Conservancy | Canares E.,Coastal Conservation and Education Foundation Inc. | And 4 more authors.
Coastal Management | Year: 2012

Quantifying progress in management of marine protected areas (MPAs) is crucial to marine conservation and fisheries management in the Philippines. This study compiles data on the status, occurrence, and management gaps of MPAs through coordination with multiple organizations supporting and guiding MPAs in the Philippines. MPA management effectiveness was measured using a MPA Rating System. Since 2002 the modal MPA rating levels increased from level 1 (initiated) to level 4 (sustained) in 2008/9. This upward trend is attributed to factors that promoted both the establishment and improved management of MPAs. Analysis indicated that: (1) most MPAs struggle with budgetary constraints or lack of sustainable financing and (2) overall the MPAs are being maintained and progressing with notable improvement in management despite a range of difficulties encountered during the implementation process. For MPAs in the Visayan Region for which biophysical data were available, the MPA Rating System was used to assess the effectiveness of local government capacity building on MPA coral reef health. Our results suggest that MPAs with higher ratings are likely to have better reef health conditions. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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