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Fu H.,China University of Geosciences | Fu H.,Coal Reservoir Laboratory of National Engineering Center | Tang D.,China University of Geosciences | Tang D.,Coal Reservoir Laboratory of National Engineering Center | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering | Year: 2016

Junggar basin is one of the most typical low-rank coal-bearing basins in china. The Xishanyao coal developed in the southern Junggar basin contains plenty of coalbed methane (CBM) resources, with suitable burial depth and great coal thickness. To date, the researches about CBM geological characteristics, controlling factors and exploration potential are still lacking in the western of Urumchi River, which severely obstacle for further development of low-rank CBM. Firstly, CBM reservoir-forming conditions of Xishanyao coal in the middle of the southern Junggar basin are investigated in this paper. The results show that total coal thickness varies greatly from 18.58 to 66.34 m with some thick seams (>5 m). Coal rank ranges from 0.50 to 0.88%, with an average value of 0.65%. Coal macerals are dominated by vitrinite (45.6-66.4%, avg. 55.6), followed by inertinite (29.7-55.7%, avg. 42.8) and liptinite (0.5-4.7%, avg. 1.7). Coal reservoir property is relatively poor, with permeability ranging from 0.002 to 1.220mD (avg. 0.193) and porosity changing from 0.56 to 9.73% (avg. 5.99). Controlled by coal rank and coal macerals, pore type is dominated by micropore, followed by mesopore-macropore and little microfracture. Micro-fractures are mostly developed in bright coal and semi-bright coal. Methane adsorption isothermal measurement reveals that the maximum adsorption capacity (VL) varies from 6.73 to 14.14 m3/t. The in-place gas content ranges from 0.29 to 7.72 m3/t (avg. 5.1) and increases with the increasing of burial depth. Secondly, geological controls about CBM accumulation are analyzed in this paper, i.e., structure, sedimentation and hydrogeology play "the most important", "the most basic" and "a supporting" role in the process of CBM accumulation, respectively. Finally, analytical hierarchy (AHP) fuzzy prediction method and optimal segmentation method are used to carve out the grade of exploration potential, and the best prospective target areas for low-rank CBM production are forecasted. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Source

Meng Y.,China University of Geosciences | Meng Y.,Coal Reservoir Laboratory of National Engineering Center | Tang D.,China University of Geosciences | Tang D.,Coal Reservoir Laboratory of National Engineering Center | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering | Year: 2014

The Liulin area in the eastern Ordos Basin is one of the optimum areas for medium-rank coalbed methane (CBM) exploration and development in China. This work investigated the CBM geology and accumulation characteristics of No.4 coal in the Permian Shanxi Formation in the Liulin area based on data from 29 coal mining wells, 25 CBM wells and 14 coal samples. The results show that coal rank (medium volatile bituminous and low volatile bituminous) varies laterally, with the maximum vitrinite reflectance (Ro, max) ranges from 1.23 to 1.90%. Coals are dominated by vitrinite (47.9-90.5%); followed by inertinite (7.7-50.5%) and liptinite (0-0.6%). Minerals account for only a small proportion (0.4%-16.5%, avg. 4.7%). The results of well tests show that the coal permeability ranges from 0.02 to 3.44mD, and the reservoir pressure ranges from 2.58 to 9.26MPa. Most coal pores are less than 100nm in diameter, and are favorable for gas adsorption but unfavorable for gas flow. Microfractures of coals are characterized by dendritic and step-shaped structures, relatively good connectivity, directionality and infrequent mineralization. The dominated types of microfractures are type C (less than 5μm wide and more than 300μm long) and type D (less than 5μm wide and 300μm long), with a large span of frequency ranging from 18 to 78 per 9cm2. Methane adsorption isothermal measurements reveal that their maximum adsorption capacity (dry ash-free) vary from 21.36 to 26.38m3/t. The in-place gas content is generally 4.93-14.96m3/t. In combination with the geological information, the data reveals that structure properties, coal roof lithology and hydrogeology conditions have important influences on gas accumulation, preservation and enrichment. Furthermore, integrated geographical information system (GIS) and analytical hierarchy fuzzy prediction method (AHP) are used to evaluate the CBM production potential in the Liulin area. The best prospective target area for CBM production is forecasted to be located in the central slope belt (near southern Beilijiyuan and Yangjiayu areas) of the Liulin area. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

YanJun M.,China University of Geosciences | YanJun M.,Coal Reservoir Laboratory of National Engineering Center | DaZhen T.,China University of Geosciences | DaZhen T.,Coal Reservoir Laboratory of National Engineering Center | And 5 more authors.
Arabian Journal of Geosciences | Year: 2013

An analytical theory of stages division of coalbed methane (CBM) desorption is proposed and established based on the Langmuir adsorption isothermal model. The concept of desorbed efficiency (η) is proposed to quantitatively characterize the CBM desorbed rate. According to key nodes on mathematical curves, the starting pressure (Pst), turning pressure (Ptu), and sensitive pressure (Pse) are defined. The Langmuir desorption isotherm is divided into four stages, i.e., inefficient, slow, fast, and sensitive desorbed stages. Then, the theory is tested by methane adsorption-desorption isothermal experiments. It is noted that inefficient and slow desorbed stages have little contribution to CBM productivity, while fast and sensitive desorbed stages are very significant to CBM productivity. The adsorbed capacity and the reservoir pressure are two key factors for CBM desorption. Higher adsorbed capacity and relatively shallower burial depths are more favorable to CBM development. © 2013 Saudi Society for Geosciences. Source

Lv Y.,China University of Geosciences | Lv Y.,Coal Reservoir Laboratory of National Engineering Center | Tang D.,China University of Geosciences | Tang D.,Coal Reservoir Laboratory of National Engineering Center | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Coal Geology | Year: 2012

The temporal and spatial production characteristics of coalbed methane (CBM) wells in the Fanzhuang Block of the Southern Qinshui Basin, the first commercial CBM-producing basin in China, were studied to determine the dominant factors. The study indicates that gas production differs significantly in different wells adjacent to or located in different tectonic areas. In combination with the production characteristics in the temporal and spatial variations, the impact of seven factors (burial depth, thickness of coal, gas content, porosity/permeability, effect of fracturing, structural setting, and hydrogeological conditions) on the gas production was analyzed based on bivariate correlation analysis and gray system theory, which are suitable for solving the complex interrelationships between multiple factors and variables. The results indicate that hydraulic fracturing is an effective guarantee of high-production CBM wells in the first several months during a high-rank CBM field development. However, the effect of hydraulic fracturing on enhancing the gas production of CBM wells decreases with time because the initial reservoir permeability, lower than the hydraulic fracture permeability, limits the adsorption, diffusion and flow of CBM. This limitation inevitably leads to a slow gas production rate when the adsorbed CBM from the initial reservoir becomes the main gas source instead of the fracturing-affected zone. Gas content and permeability are two key factors that dominate CBM well productivity, because they perform elementary roles in controlling the volume of gas sources and conductivity, respectively. The structural setting and hydrogeological condition are also two important factors that dominate CBM well productivity because they can influence the spatial distribution of permeability and gas content as well as other factors (such as aquifers). © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Meng Y.,China University of Geosciences | Meng Y.,Coal Reservoir Laboratory of National Engineering Center | Tang D.,China University of Geosciences | Tang D.,Coal Reservoir Laboratory of National Engineering Center | And 6 more authors.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2014

As one of the unconventional natural gas family members, coalbed methane (CBM) receives great attention throughout the world. The major associated problem of CBM production is the management of produced water. In the USA, Canada, and Australia, much research has been done on the effects and management of coalbed methane produced water (CMPW). However, in China, the environmental effects of CMPW were overlooked. The quantity and the quality of CMPW both vary enormously between coal basins or stratigraphic units in China. The unit produced water volume of CBM wells in China ranges from 10 to 271,280 L/well/day, and the concentration of total dissolved solids (TDS) ranges from 691 to 93,898 mg/L. Most pH values of CMPW are more than 7.0, showing the alkaline feature, and the Na-HCO3 and Na-HCO3-Cl are typical types of CMPW in China. Treatment and utilization of CMPW in China lag far behind the USA and Australia, and CMPW is mainly managed by surface impoundments and evaporation. Currently, the core environmental issues associated with CMPW in China are that the potential environmental problems of CMPW have not been given enough attention, and relevant regulations as well as environmental impact assessment (EIA) guidelines for CMPW are still lacking. Other potential issues in China includes (1) water quality monitoring issues for CMPW with special components in special areas, (2) groundwater level decline issues associated with the dewatering process, and (3) potential environmental issues of groundwater pollution associated with hydraulic fracturing. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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